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Two Eras and Some Victims

Richard M. Fried

in Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195043617
eISBN:
9780199853724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195043617.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

For many, the McCarthy era stands as the grimmest time in recent memory. Beset by Cold War anxieties, Americans developed an obsession with domestic communism that outran the actual threat and gnawed ... More


“In Calmer Times.…”

Richard M. Fried

in Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195043617
eISBN:
9780199853724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195043617.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1954, several developments combined to check the momentum of anti-Communist extremism. McCarthy's censure by the Senate was both a sign of and force for change. In the next three years, the ... More


The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Robert M. Lichtman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This book provides a comprehensive history of the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions in “Communist” cases during the McCarthy era. The book shows the Court’s vulnerability to public criticism and attacks ... More


Defining the McCarthy Era

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter considers the combination of circumstances and events following World War II that held the seeds of political repression during the McCarthy era. These developments signaled unmistakably ... More


Trojan Horses and Fifth Columns

Richard M. Fried

in Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195043617
eISBN:
9780199853724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195043617.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The United States entered the postwar, post-FDR era with a recent history of rough political rhetoric. It had also established a tradition of basing fitness for a government job on the holder's ... More


Political Repression and Court-Curbing

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book’s main themes. This book is about the situation faced by Supreme Court justices in the McCarthy era, obliged in scores of cases over more ... More


Vietnam War Decisions and Some Observations

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the Court’s decisions during the Vietnam War, which represent a high-water mark in the protection of First Amendment freedoms in wartime. The cases showed graphically the ... More


Being Martian

István Hargittai

in The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195178456
eISBN:
9780199787012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178456.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

To understand the Martians, it helps to compare them with their contemporaries, like Enrico Fermi and Robert Oppenheimer. Both Szilard and Fermi worked on the applications of physical discoveries for ... More


The Justices of the Vinson Court, Douds, and the Start of the Court’s McCarthy Era: (October Term 1949)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1949 term. The Court convened for its new term on Monday, October 3, 1949. The beginnings of what would soon be a heavy ... More


The “Red Monday” Decisions, Jencks, and a Crescendo of Anti-Court Attacks: (October Term 1956)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1956 term. The Court’s level of resistance to repressive McCarthy-era government action reached its zenith in the 1956 ... More


The Coming of the Warren Court, the Emspak Trilogy, and Brown’s Consequences: (October Terms 1953 and 1954)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1953 and 1954 terms. In the 1953 term, the Court issued signed decisions in only two “Communist” cases. Both were decided ... More


Frankfurter’s Departure, a Near-Decision in Gibson, and the Era’s End: (October Term 1961)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1961 term. The number of decisions in “Communist” cases dropped sharply—only three signed decisions compared to fifteen in ... More


The Military and Lesbians during the McCarthy Years

Allan Bérubé

in My Desire for History: Essays in Gay, Community, and Labor History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834794
eISBN:
9781469603117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877982_berube.11
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

This essay extends the history of lesbians in the military from the war years of the 1940s into the McCarthy era of the 1950s. Combining an interpretive introduction with documents, it provides a ... More


Spider Web: The Birth of American Anticommunism

Nick Fischer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040023
eISBN:
9780252098222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040023.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The McCarthy-era witch hunts marked the culmination of an anticommunist crusade launched after the First World War. With Bolshevism triumphant in Russia and public discontent shaking the United ... More


Nelson, Cole v. Young, and the Beginning of the Campaign against the Court: (October Term 1955)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1955 term. The flow of decisions in “Communist” cases became heavier in the 1955 term, with the Court handing down nine ... More


Scales and CPUSA, Wilkinson and Braden, and Konigsberg II and Anastaplo—a Full-Scale Retreat: (October Term 1960)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s October 1960 term, which saw a sudden and final outpouring of decisions in “Communist” cases—fifteen signed decisions. The government prevailed in ... More


Introduction

Alex Goodall

in Loyalty and Liberty: American Countersubversion from World War I to the McCarthy Era

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038037
eISBN:
9780252095313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038037.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter analyzes how conflicting impulses for loyalty and liberty shaped the politics of countersubversion between World War I and the McCarthy era. By examining the ways this ... More


Dennis, the Attorney General’s List, Loyalty Programs, Contempts, and More: (October Term 1950)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1950 term. The flow of “Communist” cases quickened during the term, and the scope of the cases widened greatly. The Court ... More


Epilogue: A Left Feminist Literary History

Kathlene McDonald

in Feminism, the Left, and Postwar Literary Culture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617033018
eISBN:
9781617033025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617033018.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This book concludes by showing how the literary works discussed in its chapters demonstrate a vibrant and important Left feminist culture in the postwar era. The pervasive political repression of the ... More


Barenblatt, Uphaus, and the Court in Retreat: (October Terms 1958 and 1959)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1958 and 1959 terms. The most important decisions were Barenblatt v. United States and Uphaus v. Wyman, in which the Court ... More


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