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Franck and Germany after 1945

in Science and Conscience: The Life of James Franck

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763103
eISBN:
9780804779098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763103.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

After the Second World War, James Franck launched an appeal on the issue of an inadequate supply of food in the German population. He joined other prominent American Jewish refugees in a public call ... More


Planck’s Cosmic Harmonium

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0018
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Max Planck (a skilled pianist and conductor) experimented with the Eitz harmonium, which divided the octave into 104 steps. Planck then investigated whether skilled choruses would move toward ... More


Planck’s Derivation of E=hν: The Quantization of Energy

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Planck was unwilling to accept Boltzmann’s statistical interpretation of the second law. He therefore needed to find a way to show how irreversible processes could result from continuous matter. ... More


Quantum Roulette

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The development of kinetic theory in the latter part of the 19th century represented the culmination of a mechanistic approach to natural philosophy that had begun with Isaac Newton two centuries ... More


Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Carlo Cercignani

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book looks at the life and personality, the scientific and philosophical work of Ludwig Boltzmann, an Austrian physicist who made significant contributions to the development of the atomic ... More


The third law

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the third law of thermodynamics. Topics covered include different statements of the third law by Walter H. Nerst, Max Planck, and Francis Simon; and consequences of the third ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


Boltzmann and his contemporaries

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Some important aspects of the relations between Ludwig Boltzmann and several great scientists who were his contemporaries have already been discussed in the previous chapters. These contemporaries ... More


Boltzmann, Gibbs, and equilibrium statistical mechanics

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses equilibrium statistical mechanics for systems more complicated than monatomic gases, as well as the problem of the trend towards equilibrium of these systems. Ludwig Boltzmann ... More


Max Planck Institute and Habilitation

Dieter Grimm

in Dieter Grimm: Advocate of the Constitution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198845270
eISBN:
9780191880551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845270.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The chapter describes the first job as a researcher in legal history in the newly founded Max-Planck-Institut for the History of European Private Law in Frankfurt, his work on the relationship ... More


“There sweep great general principles which all the laws seem to follow”

Marc Lange

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659081
eISBN:
9780191745201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659081.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that science recognizes an important distinction: between conservation laws as constraints on the fundamental forces there could be, on the one hand, and conservation laws as ... More


Consolidation (1887–1895)

Olivier Darrigol

in Atoms, Mechanics, and Probability: Ludwig Boltzmann's Statistico-Mechanical Writings - An Exegesis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198816171
eISBN:
9780191853661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816171.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

This chapter covers a period in which Boltzmann returned to the collision-based approach and consolidated it in answer to criticism and suggestions by William Thomson, Hendrik Lorentz, George Bryan, ... More


Black-Body Radiation

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199646944
eISBN:
9780191775123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The beginning of quantum mechanics can plausibly be traced to a paper that Max Planck wrote in 1900, in which he derived the spectrum of black-body radiation. This chapter repeats that derivation and ... More


Poets and Thinkers

David B. Audretsch and Erik E. Lehmann

in The Seven Secrets of Germany: Economic Resilience in an Era of Global Turbulence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190258696
eISBN:
9780190258726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190258696.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Human capital, skilled labor, and more generally knowledge, along with their sources, are the focus of this chapter. A particular German paradox is that the country does not rank in the top tier for ... More


Active Matter

Mathias Grote

in Membranes to Molecular Machines: Active Matter and the Remaking of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226625157
eISBN:
9780226625294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226625294.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter comprises a detailed case history on the emergence of what was to become a model of a molecular “pump,” the photoactive protein bacteriorhodopsin. The surge of research on this brand-new ... More


Quantum theory and the General Theory of Relativity

A. J. Kox and H. F. Schatz

in A Living Work of Art: The Life and Science of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870500
eISBN:
9780191912825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870500.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 8 describes, in terms that are accessible to a general audience, the development of quantum theory and general relativity in the first decades of the twentieth century and in particular ... More


World War One

A. J. Kox and H. F. Schatz

in A Living Work of Art: The Life and Science of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870500
eISBN:
9780191912825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870500.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 9 contains a description of Lorentz’s role in the Dutch and international peace movement and his efforts to keep communication alive between the scientific communities of the two warring ... More


Pretext

Stefan Sperling

in Reasons of Conscience: The Bioethics Debate in Germany

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226924311
eISBN:
9780226924335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226924335.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter introduces quotations about the concept of life from poet and historian Ricarda Huch and author Thomas Mann. It also cites the novel “The Reader” by author Bernhard Schlink, which ... More


The Strange Case of Helium and the Nuclear Atom

David Fisher

in Much Ado about (Practically) Nothing: A History of the Noble Gases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393965
eISBN:
9780197562796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393965.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

It is often taken as a matter of established fact that the difference between a good scientist and a great scientist is the ability to distinguish in advance which ... More


Definitions

David Stone

in European Union Design Law: A Practitioners' Guide

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198719298
eISBN:
9780191927409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719298.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The Regulation establishes on an EU-wide basis two distinct design rights: Much of the law relating to design rights applies to both of the above, and to national (and Benelux) registered designs ... More


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