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The Making of a World Religion: Confucianism and the Emergence of Comparative Religion as a Discipline in the Nineteenth Century

Anna Sun

in Confucianism as a World Religion: Contested Histories and Contemporary Realities

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155579
eISBN:
9781400846085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155579.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter analyzes the connection between the making of Confucianism as a religion and the emergence of comparative religion as a discipline, based primarily on extensive archival research ... More


Classify and Conquer

David Chidester

in Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117263
eISBN:
9780226117577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226117577.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Concentrating on the work of Friedrich Max Müller, who is often identified as the founder of the modern study of religion, this chapter shows how Max Müller's classification of religions based on ... More


The Tyranny of Nature over the Greek Gods: Variations of Physical Interpretation

Michael D. Konaris

in The Greek Gods in Modern Scholarship: Interpretation and Belief in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Germany and Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198737896
eISBN:
9780191801426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737896.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The first chapter examines different versions of the theory that the Greek gods had been gods of natural elements. This was the most influential theory in both Germany and Britain for the greater ... More


“A Disease of Language”: The Attack on Hindu Myth as Verbal Idolatry

Robert A. Yelle

in The Language of Disenchantment: Protestant Literalism and Colonial Discourse in British India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199924998
eISBN:
9780199980444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924998.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter 2 examines the background of the colonial attack on Hindu mythology, which borrowed from an earlier critique, associated with Francis Bacon and scientific empiricism, of the habit of taking ... More


The Making of Oriental Religion

Peter van der Veer

in The Modern Spirit of Asia: The Spiritual and the Secular in China and India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128146
eISBN:
9781400848553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128146.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the making of oriental religion. It analyzes the emerging field of oriental studies and comparative religion, especially the project of Sacred Books of the East, headed by ... More


The Right Honourable Max Müller

Arie L. Molendijk

in Friedrich Max Müller and the Sacred Books of the East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198784234
eISBN:
9780191826832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784234.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions, Hinduism

Chapter 1, ‘The Right Honourable Max Müller’, consists of an analysis of the life and work of Friedrich Max Müller and explores his extraordinary influence as one of the most prominent public ... More


Thinking Black

David Chidester

in Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117263
eISBN:
9780226117577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226117577.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Focusing on the production of knowledge in imperial comparative religion, this chapter uncovers the work of thinkers in South Africa who reversed the flow of knowledge production in the philology, ... More


Spirit of Empire

David Chidester

in Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117263
eISBN:
9780226117577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226117577.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Focusing on the authentication of knowledge about religion and religions, this chapter examines three versions of authenticity—interfaith, theosophical, and critical—that emerged within imperial ... More


“Paths Too Long Obscure”:: The Translations of Jones and Müller

Padma Rangarajan

in Imperial Babel: Translation, Exoticism, and the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263615
eISBN:
9780823266456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263615.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers the changing dynamics of nineteenth-century orientalist scholarship through the work of two of its most famous scholars: William Jones and Max Müller. Using Jones’s Hindoo ... More


The Shadow of God

Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm

in The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226403229
eISBN:
9780226403533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226403533.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

“The Shadow of God,” highlights a crucially important dialectical movement. It shows how a putative opposition between religion and science, combined with fears of despiritualization and mourning for ... More


Methods

Arie L. Molendijk

in Friedrich Max Müller and the Sacred Books of the East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198784234
eISBN:
9780191826832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784234.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, World Religions, Hinduism

Chapter 4, ‘Methods’, concerns methodological issues. Key to the paradigm shift in the study of culture in the nineteenth century is the idea of comparison. The chapter demonstrates that Max Müller’s ... More


Chips from Another German Workshop: Friedrich Max Müller and Friedrich Schleiermacher on Language and Religion

Theodore Vial

in Modern Religion, Modern Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190212551
eISBN:
9780190212575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212551.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Friedrich Max Müller is often cited as the founder of a good trajectory in the history of the study of religion—good because it is scientific, nontheological, and comparative. This chapter’s ... More


Orientalist vs. Theosophist

Donald S. Lopez Jr.

in Imagining the East: The Early Theosophical Society

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190853884
eISBN:
9780190853914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190853884.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter shows how Orientalists imagined the original Buddha to be a humane, non-secretive, and almost modern religious thinker, whereas Theosophists, contrary to this, argued that the Buddha ... More


The Rubicon of Language: Max Müller, Evangelical Anthropology, and the History of True Religion

Sebastian Lecourt

in Cultivating Belief: Victorian Anthropology, Liberal Aesthetics, and the Secular Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198812494
eISBN:
9780191850332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812494.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter considers a series of formative debates in British anthropology from the 1840s through the 1860s and uses them to map out the two dominant constructions of religion whose politics the ... More


Scenes of Human Science

in The Scenic Imagination: Originary Thinking from Hobbes to the Present Day

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757003
eISBN:
9780804779586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757003.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835) classified languages into families and developed a general linguistic typology. His major theoretical work on language, Über die Verschiedenheit des menschlichen ... More


Speech in Action: Victorian Philology and the Uprooting of Language

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter is concerned with the use of language, the common medium through which both literary and scientific texts come into the social world. Charting key points of contest in the Victorian ... More


Introduction

Arie L. Molendijk

in Friedrich Max Müller and the Sacred Books of the East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198784234
eISBN:
9780191826832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784234.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions, Hinduism

The introduction outlines the focus and relevance of the book and sketches the contents per chapter. The series of the Sacred Books of the East was seen as ‘the chief religious achievement of the ... More


Friedrich Max Müller and the Sacred Books of the East

Arie L. Molendijk

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198784234
eISBN:
9780191826832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784234.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions, Hinduism

The edition of the fifty massive volumes of the Sacred Books of the East (1879–1910) was one of the most ambitious and daring editorial projects of late Victorian scholarship. The German-born ... More


• Other Instruments

Clive Brown

in A Portrait of Mendelssohn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095395
eISBN:
9780300127867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095395.003.0029
Subject:
Music, History, Western

There are several accounts describing Felix Mendelssohn's ability to play other musical instruments. According to F. Max Müller, Mendelssohn played almost every instrument in the orchestra and was ... More


Invariant Forms: “[T]he bonds of verse”: Form as Discipline

Andrea Henderson

in Algebraic Art: Mathematical Formalism and Victorian Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198809982
eISBN:
9780191860140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809982.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

In the later nineteenth century formal regularity was regarded as the hallmark of mathematical and scientific inquiry as well as the burgeoning “social sciences” and the arts—all presumed to be ... More


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