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Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit

Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray

in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226286723
eISBN:
9780226286860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226286860.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper considers the role of the allocation of scientific credit in determining the organization of science. This chapter examines changes in that organization and the nature of credit allocation ... More


Who Benefits from Investment Policies? The Case of Family Activation in European Countries

Wim Van Lancker and Joris Ghysels

in Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful Are European Welfare States?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926589
eISBN:
9780199369720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Family policy is a constituent part of the traditional social policy mix that has been subject to profound changes in terms of both scope and substance following the emergence of the social ... More


Social Investment and the Matthew Effect: Limits to a Strategy

Giuliano Bonoli, Bea Cantillon, and Wim Van Lancker

in The Uses of Social Investment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198790488
eISBN:
9780191831744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790488.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are reasons to assume that spending on social investment is more susceptible to Matthew Effects than spending on social protection. Due to the gravity of social and cultural stratification, ... More


Beyond Social Investment. Which Concepts and Values for Social Policy-making in Europe?

Bea Cantillon

in Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful Are European Welfare States?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926589
eISBN:
9780199369720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter summarizes the main findings and put them into the perspective of the changed post-war balance between growth, employment and social inclusion. Clearly, the experience in the EU before ... More


Disposable Science

Michael Hochberg

in An Editor's Guide to Writing and Publishing Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198804789
eISBN:
9780191843051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804789.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

One of the great challenges to science is the ever-increasing number of publications. More items mean greater difficulty keeping up with the literature and judging novelty and relevance. One of the ... More


Performance and Efficiency of the Welfare State

Pierre Pestieau and Mathieu Lefebvre

in The Welfare State in Europe: Economic and Social Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198817055
eISBN:
9780191858673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817055.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

One of the most widespread critiques levelled against the welfare state is its inefficiency. In this chapter we try to tackle the question of definition and measurement of the efficiency and the ... More


Conclusion

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This conclusion uses lessons from the book to offer broader reflections on the history and sociology of science, particularly relating to the attribution and distribution of credit (authorial and ... More


The ignorant, the manipulative, and the difficulties of measuring society

Péter Érdi

in Ranking: The Unwritten Rules of the Social Game We All Play

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190935467
eISBN:
9780190935498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935467.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

While making objective rankings sounds like an appealing goal, there are at least two reasons why we may not have objectivity: ignorance and manipulation. Persons with less knowledge suffer from ... More


Models of network formation

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes models of the growth or formation of networks, with a particular focus on preferential attachment models. It starts with a discussion of the classic preferential attachment ... More


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