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Early Life and Career of Master Tara Singh: (1885–1919)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the early 1890s, Master Tara Singh (Nanak Chand) was so impressed by the stories of Singh martyrs that he thought of becoming a Keshdhārī Singh. Initiated by Sant Attar Singh in 1901, Master Tara ... More


Master Tara Singh Emerges as the Foremost Sikh Leader: (1930–6)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

The Akalis joined the civil disobedience movement, and Master Tara Singh was arrested while leading an Akali jathā to Peshawar and sent to jail. The Communal Award of August 1932 recommended ... More


Emergence of the Demand for Territorial Reorganization of East Punjab: (1947–50)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0018
Subject:
History, Indian History

Master Tara Singh’s differences with the Congress Government in political matters began to emerge in 1948. In March 1948, the Akali legislators joined the Congress party in the legislature. Master ... More


The Second Battle: (1960–2)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0024
Subject:
History, Indian History

In May 1960, Master Tara Singh declared that the Sikhs would win or die in the battle for ‘Punjabi Suba’. Arrested two days later, he was released on 4 January 1961 for consultation with Sant Fateh ... More


Master Tara Singh Loses Ground: (1962–4)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0025
Subject:
History, Indian History

After the failure of the Punjabi Suba agitation in 1960–1, Master Tara Singh began to lose ground in Akali politics. Sant Fateh Singh attributed this failure to him, and declared that his own ... More


Master Tara Singh in the Akali Movement: (1920–3)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

The newspaper Akali, started by the radical Sikh leaders in June 1920, articulated their concern for the liberation of Khalsa College, Amritsar, the historic gurdwaras, and eventually the whole ... More


In Search of Political Autonomy: (1940–2)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0010
Subject:
History, Indian History

In August 1940, Master Tara Singh started negotiations with the Congress leaders about whether or not to support the government in its war efforts. Mahatma Gandhi’s response obliged him eventually to ... More


The Gulf Widens: (1958–60)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0023
Subject:
History, Indian History

Partap Singh Kairon tried to establish indirect control over the SGPC. Master Tara Singh pointed out that there was credible evidence of interference but Nehru was ignoring it because both the ... More


The Last Year

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0027
Subject:
History, Indian History

The unpopularity of Master Tara Singh’s idea of a Sikh homeland was reflected in the elections of 1967 when his candidates won only two seats. Master Tara Singh denounced the United Front ministry of ... More


Master Tara Singh’s Rise into Pre-eminence: (1926–9)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0007
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the first elections to the SGPC (Central Board) Kharak Singh and Master Tara Singh were elected President and Vice-President. Most of the meetings of the SGPC from 1926 to 1929 were presided over ... More


New Political Orientations: (1942–5)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0011
Subject:
History, Indian History

In 1942–3, the ‘Azad Punjab’ scheme was promoted by Master Tara Singh and other Akali leaders. However, it had no attraction for the bureaucracy, the Muslim League, and the Congress. Even Kharak ... More


The Akali–Congress Confrontation: (1952–5)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0020
Subject:
History, Indian History

The movement for the Punjabi Suba was gaining momentum after the general elections of 1952. Nehru became anxious now to ensure that the Punjab Government had its indirect control over the SGPC. This ... More


Introduction: Historiographical Legacy and Our Approach

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

Master Tara Singh became a subject of study in his lifetime. A wide range of historical writing on Master Tara Singh has been produced in Punjabi and English in the past three quarters of a century, ... More


At the Simla Conference and in the General Elections: (1945–6)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0012
Subject:
History, Indian History

On Lord Wavell’s initiative, the Simla Conference was held to discuss the proposal of a new executive council and a new constitution for India after the war. Master Tara Singh represented the Sikh ... More


Conclusion: Sikh Identity and Pluralism

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0028
Subject:
History, Indian History

Master Tara Singh was drawn into Sikh politics by the Gurdwara Reform Movement as a form of service for the Sikh Panth. Around 1930 he regarded ‘service of the country as an integral part of the Sikh ... More


The Akali–Congress Compromise: (1955–6)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0021
Subject:
History, Indian History

Authorized by a convention of all Sikh parties, Master Tara Singh, with four other Sikh leaders, met Jawaharlal Nehru on 24 October 1955. Maulana Azad and G.B. Pant were also present. The talks were ... More


Crystallization of the Demand for ‘Punjabi Suba’: (1950–2)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0019
Subject:
History, Indian History

With no political safeguards in the Indian Constitution, Master Tara Singh was convinced that ‘Punjabi Suba’ was the only alternative left for the Sikhs. In March 1950, he asked the Akali legislators ... More


Failure of the Compromise: (1957–8)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0022
Subject:
History, Indian History

On the basis of the Regional Formula, Pepsu was merged with the Punjab and the new state was inaugurated on 1 November 1956. The other provisions of the Regional Formula were diluted or indefinitely ... More


Facing New Challenges: (1937–40)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0009
Subject:
History, Indian History

The elections of 1936–7 under the new constitution made the Unionists more powerful. The Sikander–Jinnah Pact strengthened the position of the Muslim League in Indian politics. Sunder Singh Majithia ... More


Seventy-Five Days to Partition: (1 June–15 August 1947)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0015
Subject:
History, Indian History

Master Tara Singh issued a statement on 4 June that the 3 June Plan did not give ‘any power or status’ to the Sikhs or anything ‘safeguarding their position or interests’. The ultimate acceptance of ... More


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