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‘Astray in a Dark Forest’? The Emotional Politics of Reconstruction Britain

Claire Langhamer

in Total War: An Emotional History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197266663
eISBN:
9780191905384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266663.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Based on material generated by the British social investigative organisation Mass Observation between 1944 and 1946 this chapter maps some of the political work that emotion did in the immediate ... More


The Last Snapshot of the British Intelligentsia: Documentary, Mass-Observation, and the Fate of the Liberal Avant-Garde

Thomas S. Davis

in The Extinct Scene: Late Modernism and Everyday Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231169424
eISBN:
9780231537889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169424.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter argues that documentary aesthetics turn to everyday life in order to create works that promoted the norms and values of the British liberal state during its period of greatest distress.


Nine Wartime Lives: Mass Observation and the Making of the Modern Self

James Hinton

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199574667
eISBN:
9780191702167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574667.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This book provides a fascinating re-evaluation of the social history of the Second World War and the 20th century making of the modern self. Using the wartime diaries of nine individuals, the book ... More


Social Facts and Poetic Authority: The Political Aesthetic of Mass-Observation

Benjamin Kohlmann

in Committed Styles: Modernism, Politics, and Left-Wing Literature in the 1930s

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198715467
eISBN:
9780191783197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715467.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Mass-Observation functions as a focal lens in the context of thirties writing, reflecting some of the decade’s central artistic and political ambitions and spelling out their inherent tensions. While ... More


Introduction

James Hinton

in Nine Wartime Lives: Mass Observation and the Making of the Modern Self

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199574667
eISBN:
9780191702167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574667.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This introductory chapter begins with a description of the wartime diaries that were preserved in the Mass-Observation (MO) archive at Sussex University. Formed in 1937, MO set out to document ... More


The Intermodern Assumption of the Future: William Empson, Charles Madge and Mass-Observation

Nick Hubble

in Intermodernism: Literary Culture in Mid-Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635092
eISBN:
9780748651924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635092.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines William Empson and the Mass-Observation movement, which it pinpoints as the most relevant expression of Empson's type of intermodernism. This is supported by Empson's ... More


Surveying Sexual Attitudes and Behaviour

Adrian Bingham

in Family Newspapers?: Sex, Private Life, and the British Popular Press 1918-1978

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199279586
eISBN:
9780191707308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279586.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines how the press discussed ‘normal’ sexual attitudes and behaviour. Before the Second World War, reliable evidence about sexual activity was very scarce, and most journalists ... More


Information Collectives

James Purdon

in Modernist Informatics: Literature, Information, and the State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190211691
eISBN:
9780190211714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190211691.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Chapter 3 deals with the Mass-Observation movement founded in 1937 by the anthropologist Tom Harrisson, the poet Charles Madge, and the filmmaker Humphrey Jennings. It seeks to understand the ... More


Mass Observing: The 1930s Documentary Gaze

Lara Feigel

in Literature, Cinema and Politics 1930-1945: Reading Between the Frames

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639502
eISBN:
9780748652938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639502.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the multiple and complex viewpoints that were combined in the documentary gaze. It also examines filmic technique, and in particular cross-class montage. In Bronislaw ... More


War experienced: 1941–45

Robert Mackay

in Half the Battle: Civilian Morale in Britain During the Second World War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719058936
eISBN:
9781781700143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719058936.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

Defeats and setbacks gave way to victories and advances on all fronts and the steady progress to victory was established. Part of the terror of the Blitz had been the fear that it was merely the ... More


Women, war and drinking

David W. Gutzke

in Women drinking out in Britain since the early twentieth century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719052644
eISBN:
9781781707050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719052644.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

As in World War I, the second World War resulted in the disappearance of pre-war spatial boundaries governing drinking. Young women began visiting pubs in growing numbers first in early 1941 and with ... More


Introduction

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This introductory chapter discusses the ways in which historians and demographers have characterized and explained the fertility decline. It discusses the value of a systematic social history of the ... More


Method

James Hinton

in The Mass Observers: A History, 1937-1949

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671045
eISBN:
9780191750656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671045.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Away from the narrative, this chapter reviews Mass-Observation’s research methods, discussing the techniques employed by the fieldworkers: observation of behaviour, overheard conversion, informal and ... More


“Making the Best of My Appearance”: Grooming in Old Age

Charlotte Greenhalgh

in Aging in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520298781
eISBN:
9780520970809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520298781.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Older women and men were celebrated in fashion and beauty culture during the middle decades of the twentieth century. In British Vogue, for example, the character Mrs. Exeter modeled glamourous ... More


At the palais: the dance hall industry and the standardisation of experience

Allison Abra

in Dancing in the English Style: Consumption, Americanisation and National Identity in Britain, 1918-50

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784994334
eISBN:
9781526128218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994334.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the evolution of the dance hall industry – one of the major cultural producers that shaped the commercialisation and experience of popular dance in Britain during the interwar ... More


Early Youth Cultures of Music and Dance

Dan Laughey

in Music and Youth Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623808
eISBN:
9780748653034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623808.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter outlines a dynamic interactionism used to problematise structuralism as a framework for understanding music cultures and media, with reference to archival research. The archive in ... More


Introduction

Robert Mackay

in Half the Battle: Civilian Morale in Britain During the Second World War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719058936
eISBN:
9781781700143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719058936.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book reflects how extensive the ‘negative’ features were, that is, to what extent they could be held to be typical of the people as a whole. It then reviews the totality of the civilian ... More


A New Regime

James Hinton

in The Mass Observers: A History, 1937-1949

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671045
eISBN:
9780191750656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671045.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the transformation of Mass-Observation, under its new leadership, into a commercial organisation mainly involved in market research. Among the projects discussed are research ... More


Conclusion

James Hinton

in The Mass Observers: A History, 1937-1949

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671045
eISBN:
9780191750656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671045.003.0016
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the motivations of Mass-Observation's volunteer panellists, and the reasons forMass-Observation's decline as an independent social research organisation. It argues, against the ... More


War Begins

James Hinton

in The Mass Observers: A History, 1937-1949

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671045
eISBN:
9780191750656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671045.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks at how, at the outbreak of war, Mass-Observation looked to the new Ministry of Information for sponsorship, but, despite a brief commission in the autumn of 1939, it was not until ... More


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