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Introduction

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The early modern philosopher Mary Astell aimed to bring about a moral and intellectual awakening in her fellow women so that they might attain excellence of character and true and lasting happiness. ... More


Mary Astell (1666–1731)

Jacqueline Broad (ed.)

in Women Philosophers of Eighteenth-Century England: Selected Correspondence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780197506981
eISBN:
9780197507025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197506981.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter includes selected letters from the correspondence of early English feminist Mary Astell. It includes Astell’s letters to and from John Norris, George Hickes, and an unknown religious ... More


Marriage

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ethical underpinnings of Mary Astell’s views concerning marriage in light of her theory of love. It demonstrates that if we pay attention to the basic moral message of her ... More


Spinsters, Superannuated Virgins, and Old Maids: Representations of Singlewomen

Amy M. Froide

in Never Married: Singlewomen in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199270606
eISBN:
9780191710216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270606.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter traces the emergence of the negative stereotypes of the spinster and the old maid. Examining various genres of literature from the Middle Ages to the 18th century, it focuses on three ... More


Knowledge

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Mary Astell’s theory of knowledge is designed to give women those necessary habits of mind, or the mental dispositions, to attain virtue and happiness. This chapter explains that theory. It provides ... More


Virtue and the Passions

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Mary Astell’s philosophy of the passions, those perceptions that arise in the mind as a result of its close intermingling with the body. The first part of the chapter ... More


Moderation

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how Mary Astell extends her moral views about virtue and happiness to her political arguments about the maintenance of peace and security in civil society. It is argued that she ... More


Cartesianism and Its Feminist Promise and Limits: The Case of Mary Astell

Karen Detlefsen

in Descartes and Cartesianism: Essays in Honour of Desmond Clarke

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198779643
eISBN:
9780191824692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779643.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the moral and educational philosophy of Mary Astell (1666–1731), who took the Cartesian project—especially the dualism and championing of rational thought at its core—as ... More


Mary Astell on Liberty

Alice Sowaal

in Women and Liberty, 1600-1800: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198810261
eISBN:
9780191847301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810261.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter deals with a form of lack of liberty that Astell identifies as plaguing women, namely slavery to our passions and other internal features of our selves. It argues that Astell takes an ... More


Soul and Body

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Mary Astell’s arguments concerning the true nature of the self ground her moral views about the cultivation of proper self-esteem, self-love, and self-satisfaction. This chapter examines her argument ... More


God

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The fact that an infinitely perfect being exists is a crucial presupposition of Mary Astell’s moral philosophy. The first and second parts of this chapter examine Astell’s ontological and ... More


Love

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how Mary Astell appropriates John Norris’s distinction between a ‘love of desire’ and a ‘love of benevolence’ to further her moral project of reformation for women. This is the ... More


Protestant Nunneries, Polygamy, and Christian Heroes: ‘One good thing’: An English Convent

Emma Major

in Madam Britannia: Women, Church, and Nation 1712-1812

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199699377
eISBN:
9780191738029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699377.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter discusses eighteenth-century interest in Protestant nunneries, and considers the problems presented to writers of Christian heroes faced with such virtuous women. It begins by outlining ... More


Conclusion

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

At first glance, Mary Astell’s moral theology appears to be far removed from present-day feminist philosophical concerns. This final chapter highlights those aspects of Astell’s ethical thought that ... More


Early feminism: Mary Astell (1668–1731), Sophia and Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–97)

Vic George

in Major thinkers in welfare: Contemporary issues in historical perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427069
eISBN:
9781447302728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427069.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter looks at the views of Mary Astell and Sophia, before focusing on the work of Mary Wollstonecraft. Mary Astell is known for her work on the impoverished living conditions of working-class ... More


The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Jacqueline Broad

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Mary Astell (1666–1731) is best known today as one of the earliest English feminists. This book sheds new light on her writings by interpreting her first and foremost as a moral philosopher—as ... More


Marriage, Slavery, and the Merger of Wills: Responses to Sprint, 1700–01

Jacqueline Broad

in Women and Liberty, 1600-1800: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198810261
eISBN:
9780191847301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810261.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines three seventeenth-century feminist critiques of the misogynist pamphleteer John Sprint (fl. 1699–1700). It demonstrates that an ideal of freedom as rational ... More


Liberty and Feminism in Early Modern Women’s Writing

Karen Detlefsen

in Women and Liberty, 1600-1800: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198810261
eISBN:
9780191847301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810261.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter shows how Mary Astell and Margaret Cavendish can reasonably be understood as early feminists in three senses of the term. First, they are committed to the natural equality of men and ... More


Dunton and Singer after the Athenian Mercury: Two Plots of Platonic Love

Dustin D. Stewart

in Women's Periodicals and Print Culture in Britain, 1690-1820s: The Long Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474419659
eISBN:
9781474445061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419659.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Dustin Stewart revisits the well-known but poorly understood relationship between John Dunton and Elizabeth Singer Rowe, the ‘Pindarick Lady’ whose poetry became a major feature of Dunton’s ... More


Debates between the Sexes: Satires, Advice, and Polemics

Margaret J. M. Ezell

in The Oxford English Literary History: Volume V: 1645-1714: The Later Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198183112
eISBN:
9780191847158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198183112.003.0023
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

The nature of the female sex and roles of women in the family were being increasing debated by both male and female writers. Satires against marriage, fashions, and women’s perverse natures by male ... More


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