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Cuba, the Last Holdout: “Organic” Intellectuals Defend the Revolution by Abandoning Marxist-Leninism

Anthony P. Maingot

in Race, Ideology, and the Decline of Caribbean Marxism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061061
eISBN:
9780813051345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061061.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Cuba always had a small but influential Marxist-Leninist movement. It was, however, highly dependent on the U.S. Communist Party for ideas and funds. This propensity to dependence continued as U.S. ... More


The Rise of a Feminist Consciousness in Saïda Menebhi’s Prison Writings

Naïma Hachad

in Revisionary Narratives: Moroccan Women’s Auto/Biographical and Testimonial Acts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620221
eISBN:
9781789623710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620221.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Chapter 1 reaffirms the historical importance of political prisoner and martyr Saïda Menebhi, who died in prison after her hunger strike in 1977. However, unlike previous studies that emphasize ... More


The Soviet Union

Victor Rothwell

in War Aims in the Second World War: The War Aims of the Key Belligerents 1939-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748615025
eISBN:
9780748651283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615025.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first section of this chapter describes Stalin and Soviet foreign policy, including ideology and criminality. Like German war aims, those of the Soviet Union in the Second World War were largely ... More


Guardians of the Party State

Andreas Glaeser

in Political Epistemics: The Secret Police, the Opposition, and the End of East German Socialism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297934
eISBN:
9780226297958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297958.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The quotations opening this chapter provide glimpses of a worldview in operation. They suggest how deeply the secret police officers believe in Marxism-Leninism, and how this belief was wrapped up in ... More


Is There a Future for New Communist States?

George W. Breslauer

in The Rise and Demise of World Communism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197579671
eISBN:
9780197579701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197579671.003.0044
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Communism was the offspring of wars: World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War. Are such wars likely in the coming decades? If not, new communist regimes on the Leninist-Stalinist-Maoist models ... More


Grenada: Noncapitalist Path and the Derailment of a Social Democratic Revolution

Hilbourne A. Watson

in The Grenada Revolution: Reflections and Lessons

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781628461510
eISBN:
9781626740815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461510.003.0007
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter argues that the Grenada Revolution did not meet the requirements for a social revolution with a working class character. Grenada, like most other Caribbean societies, simply lacked the ... More


From Revolutionary Insurrection to Popular Front 1934–1936

StanLey G. Payne

in The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100686
eISBN:
9780300130782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100686.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the attempt to develop an independent, more original and imaginative Marxism-Leninism adapted to Spanish circumstances, which was carried on by Joaquin Maurin and the Bloque ... More


Prologue

Arvid Nelson

in Cold War Ecology: Forests, Farms, and People in the East German Landscape, 1945-1989

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106602
eISBN:
9780300130300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106602.003.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In this chapter, the author reflects on his travel to the forests around Eberswalde, an industrial town located some twenty-five miles northeast of Berlin, in 1990. His purpose was to conduct ... More


Landscape and Culture

Arvid Nelson

in Cold War Ecology: Forests, Farms, and People in the East German Landscape, 1945-1989

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106602
eISBN:
9780300130300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106602.003.0002
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In this chapter, the author narrates his trip to East Germany in the early days after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. He made observations of marshes, forests, and wetlands as well as the old ... More


Stalinism as Postrevolutionary Dictatorship

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Many writers, including Leon Trotsky, have labeled postrevolutionary dictatorship as “Bonapartism” in which elements of the revolution and the Old Regime are combined following the chaos and ... More


The Grand Surprise and Soviet Studies

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0037
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The academic pursuit known as “Sovietology” failed to predict the collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union in 1991. Sovietology is the specialized study of the Soviet Union from the standpoint of ... More


The Short Course of the History of the All-Union Communist Party: The Distorted Mirror of Party Propaganda

Rustem Nureev

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcript of the October 11 and 12, 1938 Politburo meetings. It explains that these meetings focused on the publication of the Short Course: The History of the All-Union ... More


The Frontline: Valentino, Pablo Moses, and Caribbean Organic Philosophy in the Seventies (2003)

Brian Meeks

in Critical Interventions in Caribbean Politics and Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781628461213
eISBN:
9781626740679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461213.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter exposes the sporadic yet barely recorded struggle for the hegemony of ideas in the radical Caribbean movement of the seventies. The resilience of the Caribbean revolutionary movement was ... More


The Communist Theory of International Relations

Martin Wight

in International Relations and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780198848219
eISBN:
9780191882777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This essay analyses the distinctive effects of Marxist-Leninist ideology and Communist practice on states ruled by Communist parties and states with non-Communist or ‘bourgeois’ regimes. Communist ... More


Xuan: “Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality ­Were Not for Our People”

Patricia D. Norland

in The Saigon Sisters: Privileged Women in the Resistance

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501749735
eISBN:
9781501749759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501749735.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter draws attention to the eighth Saigon sister, named Xuan. It talks about Xuan's father who resigned from his position of privilege and decided he could no longer work for the French. It ... More


A Provincial Scholar Turns to National Revolution

Timothy Cheek

in Propaganda and Culture in Mao's China: Deng Tuo and the Intelligentsia

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290667
eISBN:
9780191684821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290667.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses Deng Tuo's childhood, family life, and education. Deng Tuo's life from childhood to the summer of 1937, when he went to the rural areas controlled by the Chinese Communist ... More


The Indochinese Communist Party and the Vệit Minh

David G. Marr

in Vietnam: State, War, and Revolution (1945–1946)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520274150
eISBN:
9780520954977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274150.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Indochinese Communist Party's substantial impact on Vietnam in late 1945 was marbled by its budding relations with the Việt Minh groups and local government committees around the country. In ... More


The Specter Haunting Soviet Communism: Antireligious Campaigns under Khrushchev

Victoria Smolkin

in A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the wave of antireligious and atheist campaigns launched during the Khrushchev era, beginning with the Hundred Days campaign of 1954 and again in 1958 until Nikita Khrushchev's ... More


Cosmic Enlightenment: Soviet Atheism as Science

Victoria Smolkin

in A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines how science, and more specifically the real and symbolic force of Soviet space programs, was harnessed as a weapon in Soviet atheist work. In the 1960s, as cosmonauts and ... More


The State Council Lawmaking System

MURRAY SCOT TANNER

in The Politics of Lawmaking in Post-Mao China: Institutions, Processes, and Democratic Prospects

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293392
eISBN:
9780191684999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293392.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the lawmaking system of the Chinese State Council. It suggests that even if Marxism–Leninism is eliminated, China would still be a developing country with a Confucian-influenced ... More


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