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The Shārī Imām

Adam R. Gaiser

in Muslims, Scholars, Soldiers: The Origin and Elaboration of the Ibadi Imamate Traditions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199738939
eISBN:
9780199894598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738939.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter traces the development of the concept of shirā’ (selling, exchange) as a type of martyrdom among the early Khārijites from its first articulations as praise for the early Khārijite ... More


The First Thousand Years

Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

in Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259946
eISBN:
9780191602122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259941.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter first examines the Church’s spread in the post-Pentecost situation, its early leadership, the persecutions, and the enduring contributions of Justin, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Origen, and ... More


Murder and Martyrdom

Terryl L. Givens and Matthew J. Grow

in Parley P. Pratt: The Apostle Paul of Mormonism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195375732
eISBN:
9780199918300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375732.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In September 1856, Pratt left Utah on his final mission, this time to the eastern states. His new wife Eleanor McComb Pratt accompanied him, hoping to retrieve her children from her parent’s home in ... More


Divine Deliverance: Pain and Painlessness in Early Christian Martyr Texts

L. Stephanie Cobb

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293359
eISBN:
9780520966642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293359.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Does martyrdom hurt? For a wide variety of reasons, the answer to this question may seem to be an obvious “yes.” Divine Deliverance, however, demonstrates that early Christian martyr texts answer ... More


Gendering the Revolution: Official and Popular Imaginary

Srila Roy

in Remembering Revolution: Gender, Violence, and Subjectivity in India's Naxalbari Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081722
eISBN:
9780199082223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081722.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The chapter considers the representation of ‘woman’ in a variety of texts such as Party literature, literary, autobiographical, and media sources besides considering ‘official’ constructions of ... More


The martyr: dramaturgies of endurance, exhaustion and confession

Stephen Greer

in Queer exceptions: Solo performance in neoliberal times

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526113696
eISBN:
9781526141941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526113696.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Drawing on the cultural tradition of the martyr as a figure whose suffering confirms the truth of his testimony to a cause, this chapter examines the precarious terms on which singular individuals ... More


The Church of the East and the Territorialization of Christianity

Kyle Smith

in Constantine and the Captive Christians of Persia: Martyrdom and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520289604
eISBN:
9780520964204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520289604.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the History of Blessed Simeon bar Sabba'e and two other texts from among the Syriac Acts of the Persian Martyrs: the Martyrdom of the Captives of Beth Zabdai and the Martyrdom ... More


The Martyrdom of Sol Hachuel: Ridda in Morocco in 1834

Juliette Hassine

in The Convergence of Judaism and Islam: Religious, Scientific, and Cultural Dimensions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036496
eISBN:
9780813041810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036496.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter is a case in point, focusing on the problem of Jewish conversion under Islam. In 1834, Sol Hachuel, a fourteen-year-old Jewish girl from Tangier, was beheaded, having been charged by a ... More


Living with Violence and Insecurity

Nina Gren

in Occupied Lives: Maintaining Integrity in a Palestinian Refugee Camp in the West Bank

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9789774166952
eISBN:
9781617976568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166952.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Chapter 2 investigates some themes related to resilience and ‘an extended normality’ under crisis. In the political void the camp inhabitants found themselves in, some events and behavior related to ... More


St. Justin Martyr

C. Kavin Rowe

in One True Life: The Stoics and Early Christians as Rival Traditions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300180121
eISBN:
9780300182101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180121.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter on St. Justin Martyr completes the discussion of the Christians in part 2 of the book. The chapter focuses on five recurrent patterns of speech in Justin’s writings: God, Jesus Christ, ... More


Mother’s Milk as Ethno-religious Essence in Ancient Judaism

John David Penniman

in Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222760
eISBN:
9780300228007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222760.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Greek literature from ancient Judaism reflects many of the same strategies and assumptions surrounding food and proper formation found in Greek paideia and Roman family values. Indeed, certain Jewish ... More


‘Not Servile and Conquered, but Free and Independent’: Commemorating William Wallace and Robert the Bruce

James J. Coleman

in Remembering the Past in Nineteenth-Century Scotland: Commemoration, Nationality and Memory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748676903
eISBN:
9781474405966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748676903.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

William Wallace is one of Scotland’s most enduring national heroes. Since the 1470s and the first appearance of Blind Harry’s epic poem, The Actes and Deidis of the Illustre and Vallyeant Campioun ... More


Putting the saint in perspective: ideology and hagiographic narration

Eva von Contzen

in The Scottish Legendary: Towards a poetics of hagiographic narration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780719095962
eISBN:
9781526109675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719095962.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this chapter, the biases and ideologies inherent in saints’ legends are revisited and approached from the angle of their narrative embedding and encoding. After a brief discussion of different ... More


The saints of the entrails and the bowels of the earth

Jacques Gélis

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526127051
eISBN:
9781526138682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526127051.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This article explores the texts and visual representations of the ‘saints of the bowels’ in order to establish an anthropological classification of aching bellies in early-modern France. A web of ... More


Learning to Hate: Socialization and Cultural Influences

Mia Bloom

John Horgan (ed.)

in Small Arms: Children and Terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780801453885
eISBN:
9781501709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453885.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

The chapter will play close attention to the specific mechanisms of how children are targeted through the construction of “cultures of martyrdom” in which participation in all levels of violence (and ... More


Pathways to Involvement: Consensus and Cultures of Martyrdom

Mia Bloom

John Horgan (ed.)

in Small Arms: Children and Terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780801453885
eISBN:
9781501709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453885.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

In cases of prolonged ethno-nationalist conflicts, children will often grow up in extreme conditions of poverty, violence, and routinized harassment. As they mature, many of the children begin their ... More


Protestant Misfortune in Biblical Perspective

Arlette Jouanna

in The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre: The Mysteries of a Crime of State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719097553
eISBN:
9781781708880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097553.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The Massacre elicited more than one single response from the Protestants. It was a major trauma for them, one that forced them to ask fundamental questions as to why such a disaster had befallen ... More


The King’s Death, or the Meaning of a Massacre Revealed

Arlette Jouanna

in The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre: The Mysteries of a Crime of State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719097553
eISBN:
9781781708880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097553.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The death of the still-young Charles IX in 1574 was greeted by very different responses from the two religious camps. For the Protestants, his lonely and painful end – he was spitting blood! – ... More


Rehabilitating Manasseh: Remembering King Manasseh in the Persian and Hellenistic Periods

Lowell K. Handy

in Remembering Biblical Figures in the Late Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods: Social Memory and Imagination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199664160
eISBN:
9780191748462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664160.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

King Manasseh in the book of Kings was presented as an evil ruler, but in Chronicles he was reinvented as having been evil, but through repentance and rehabilitation he had become an exemplary king. ... More


The Power of Discourse

Riva Kastoryano

in Burying Jihadis: Bodies Between State, Territory, and Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190889128
eISBN:
9780190942960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190889128.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This points to the use of use of terms such as jihad, ummah, caliphate and land of Islam calls up an historic definition of the nation and nationalist sentiment. But in this case, instead of ... More


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