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Percival Lowell: Champion of Canals

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

American astronomer Percival Lowell adopted Schiaparelli’s canali and used them in his theories about Mars, its irrigation canals, and its advanced civilization. Lowell built an observatory in ... More


Mars Unveiled

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

NASA spacecraft orbiting Mars in the 1960s and 1970s returned images of a cratered Mars with no signs of Lowell’s canals or life of any kind. However, Martian life as well as Martian civilization ... More


Geographies of Mars: Seeing and Knowing the Red Planet

K. Maria D. Lane

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226470788
eISBN:
9780226470795
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470795.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

One of the first maps of Mars, published by an Italian astronomer in 1877, with its pattern of canals, fueled belief in intelligent life forms on the distant red planet—a hope that continued into the ... More


Mastery of pattern recognition

Hentschel Klaus

in Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717874
eISBN:
9780191787546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter starts with a discussion of the claim that pattern recognition is one of the most essential feats that humans in general, and scientists in particular, excel in. For a pattern to become ... More


Representing Scientific Sites: Vision and Fieldwork at the Mountain Observatories

in Geographies of Mars: Seeing and Knowing the Red Planet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226470788
eISBN:
9780226470795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470795.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the sites or locations where Mars science was produced and legitimized. It explains that the era of the Martian canal sensation coincided with a critical spatial transition in ... More


Mary Proctor (1862–1957)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes the figure of Mary Proctor, American popularizer of astronomy, and her work to make science understandable.


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