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Legitimacy: The Caliphate and the State

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Europe, separate states acquired legitimacy; in Islam the universal caliphate and 'umma retained the fullest respect. Muslim philosophers, not unlike Augustine and Hobbes, derived the need for the ... More


The Origins of Western Political Thought

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The problem of church and state initiated the development of Western political theory in Aquinas, John of Paris, and Marsilius. One difference between European and Islamic thought was the European ... More


Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'

George Garnett

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291564
eISBN:
9780191710520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291564.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Medieval History

Marsilius of Padua is conventionally considered to be ahead of his time as the first secular political theorist, the first post-classical thinker to espouse republicanism, and a scholastic precursor ... More


Introduction

GEORGE GARNETT

in Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291564
eISBN:
9780191710520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291564.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Medieval History

This chapter begins by showing how the standard modern English translation of Defensor Pacis has encouraged an already existing Anglophone tendency to impose on the Defensor Pacis modern liberal, ... More


The Historian’s Use of his Canon Law Sources

GEORGE GARNETT

in Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291564
eISBN:
9780191710520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291564.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Medieval History

This chapter shows that although Marsilius affected ignorance of canon law, he was steeped in it. Prior to 1300, he consciously avoided any reference to the most obvious manifestation of burgeoning ... More


The History of Ideas: From Aristotle’s Theory of a Mixed Constitution to John Adams’s Modifications of Montesquieu

Scott Douglas Gerber

in A Distinct Judicial Power: The Origins of an Independent Judiciary, 1606-1787

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199765874
eISBN:
9780199896875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765874.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter traces the intellectual origins of a distinct judicial power. The story starts with Aristotle and the theory of a mixed constitution. The next chapter is written by Polybius in his ... More


At the Crossroads: Strauss on the Coming of Modernity

Michael P. Zuckert and Catherine H. Zuckert

in Leo Strauss and the Problem of Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226135731
eISBN:
9780226135878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226135878.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Strauss identified Machiavelli as the originator of modern political philosophy, and frequently wrote on him. One of his writings was the essay on Machiavelli in the second and later editions of ... More


Mechanical Form and Avant-Garde Aesthetics

Brian M. Reed

in Nobody's Business: Twenty-First Century Avant-Garde Poetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451577
eISBN:
9780801469589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451577.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter expounds on the concept of “hybrid” or “new consensus” poetry, discussed in Chapter 2. As an influential contemporary variety of verse, one could call hybrid poetry the new mainstream. ... More


Challenges to the Papacy

Stuart Elden

in The Birth of Territory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226202563
eISBN:
9780226041285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226041285.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter looks at challenges to the power of the Papacy in the late Middle Ages. It begins with a discussion of the dispute between Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip the Fair of France. This was ... More


Epilogue

Jehangir Yezdi Malegam

in The Sleep of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451324
eISBN:
9780801467899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451324.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This concluding chapter looks further on to the conceptions of peace in the age of Dante Alighieri, particularly in the political theory of Dante’s contemporary, Marsilius of Padua. In Defender of ... More


The Political Theory of Direct Democracy: The Theoretical Justification for Citizen Involvement

Matt Qvortrup

in Direct democracy: A comparative study of the theory and practice of government by the people

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719082061
eISBN:
9781781706084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719082061.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter presents an overview of the intellectual history of direct democracy. The chapter shoiws how theorists from Aristotle to Hayek made a case for citizen involvement.


The Discourse on Economics

Cedric J. Robinson

H. L. T. Quan and Avery F. Gordon (eds)

in An Anthropology of Marxism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469649917
eISBN:
9781469649931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649917.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Based on the previous chapter’s demonstration of the links between Marxism and German bourgeois thought, Robinson argues in this chapter that Marxism represents neither the interests of the oppressed ... More


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