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Afterword: Marr’s Vision and Computational Neuroscience

Tomaso Poggio

in Vision: A Computational Investigation into the Human Representation and Processing of Visual Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262514620
eISBN:
9780262289610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262514620.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter discusses a vision of computational neuroscience, and also addresses what has happened since the publication of David Marr’s Vision. It argues that it is now time to reemphasize the ... More


Commonsense Reasoning, Logic, and Human Rationality

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the most important issue for the cognitive science of reasoning is whether deduction provides a computational-level theory of a substantial amount of everyday, commonsense ... More


David Marr, 1945–1980

Lucia M. Vaina

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

In the first section of this chapter, I follow David’s early intellectual and scientific trajectory. I then describe his passions other than science: music and flying. The coherent thread running ... More


Reasoning in the real world: how much deduction is there?

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The idea that a deductive competence theory is central to human cognition both has a long pedigree and is widely held by many leading figures in the psychology of reasoning. This chapter argues ... More


The logical response to a noisy world

Keith Stenning and Michiel van Lambalgen

in Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233298
eISBN:
9780191696602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Interpretation processes are necessary, whether one then applies probability theory or some other logic in reasoning from the resulting interpretations. In the case of suppression, understood in ... More


Intentionality and the Theory of Vision

Frances Egan

in Perception

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195084627
eISBN:
9780199847167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084627.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter discusses David Marr's theory of vision, which likens the visual system to an information-processing system with three levels: the topmost “theory of computation,” the algorithmic level, ... More


Success-Orientation and Individualism in Marr's Theory of Vision

Sarah Patterson

in Perception

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195084627
eISBN:
9780199847167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084627.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter revolves around Tyler Burge's interpretation of David Marr's theory of vision, and the chapter's arguments against such construal. Burge asserts that through evolution, our sensory ... More


Thirty years of object recognition

Glyn W. Humphreys

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at changes and developments in the study of object recognition during the past thirty years. It discusses the Marrian revolution attributed to David Marr, who took ideas and ... More


An assessment of Marr's theory of the hippocampus as a temporary memory store

D. J. WILLSHAW and J. T. BUCKINGHAM

in Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the study of neural networks, there have been very few attempts to examine in detail how a particular part of the brain might compute a particular function. This chapter examines one theory of ... More


Introduction

Michael Madary

in Visual Phenomenology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035453
eISBN:
9780262341783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035453.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This first chapter introduces the main argument of the book and locates my position relative to existing approaches in the philosophy of psychology. The chapter includes a discussion of mental ... More


In Defense of the Approach

David Marr

in Vision: A Computational Investigation into the Human Representation and Processing of Visual Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262514620
eISBN:
9780262289610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262514620.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This book has tried to lay out in some detail an approach that treats visual perception primarily as an information-processing problem. This chapter presents a conversation between an imaginary ... More


Porn and the N-Word: Lust, Samuel Delany’s The Mad Man, and a Derangement of Body and Sense(s)

Darieck Scott

in Extravagant Abjection: Blackness, Power, and Sexuality in the African American Literary Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740941
eISBN:
9780814786543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740941.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter attempts to traverse the difficulties that narrative machinery encounters in blackness-in/as-abjection by visiting a kind of text that generically aims to work with (and to work) ... More


When Does Human Object Recognition Use a Viewer-Centered Reference Frame?

Michael Tarr

in Language, Cognition, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328741
eISBN:
9780199369355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328741.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

How do people recognize an object in different orientations? One theory is that the visual system describes the object relative to a reference frame centered on the object, resulting in a ... More


Challenging Marr’s theory of the cerebellum

Egidio D’Angelo

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Marr’s Motor Learning Theory (MLT) theory (Marr, 1969) represents a seminal example of how the structure/function relationship in a neural circuit can be conceptualized. It has laid the basis for ... More


Visions of the neocortex

Rodney J. Douglas and Kevan A. C. Martin

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

In this chapter we outline and discuss the key aspects of Marr’s seminal work on a theory of neocortex, published 45 years ago in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. Compared to his later work ... More


Cognitive Science is Interdisciplinary

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Science has come a long way – even the old Greeks have put forward intricate thoughts about what our minds can know and what seems inaccessible. This chapter addresses the historical ... More


Melville Renders the Real

Elizabeth Renker

in Realist Poetics in American Culture, 1866-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198808787
eISBN:
9780191863660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808787.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

During the eighties and through his death in 1891—that is, the height of high realism and the Realism War—Melville actively wrote, revised, and published his last two volumes, composed Billy Budd, ... More


Matters of the Flesh: The Role(s) of Body in Cognition

Lawrence A. Shapiro

in Andy Clark and His Critics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190662813
eISBN:
9780190662844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662813.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Andy Clark has defended a view of the body’s relationship to the mind that he calls the Larger Mechanism Story (LMS). At the same time, he has criticized an alternative account, the Special ... More


Bridging the Theoretical Gap: from the Brain to Cognitive Theory

Tim Shallice and Richard P. Cooper

in The Organisation of Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199579242
eISBN:
9780191804489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199579242.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the arguments and concepts of mathematician turned theoretical neurophysiologist, David Marr. It then covers the rejection of the Marrian approach; modules, ... More


Seeing, Visualizing, and Believing: Pictures and Cognitive Penetration

John Zeimbekis

in The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Visualizing and mental imagery are thought to be cognitive states by all sides of the imagery debate. Yet their phenomenology has distinctly visual ingredients. This has potential consequences for ... More


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