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The Austrian Alliance, the Seven Years’ War and the Emergence of a French ‘National’ Foreign Policy, 1756–1790

Thomas E. Kaiser

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

When during the French Revolution the deputies of the National Assembly pondered the reasons for France's decades-long decline as a world power, many attributed it to the Franco-Austrian alliance of ... More


Proposals

David Vital

in A People Apart: A Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789–1939

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199246816
eISBN:
9780191697623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246816.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The conventional wisdom on the Jews being, even at the government level, negative, critical, restrictive, and minatory, it was natural that a collective, blanket, and free admission of the Jewish ... More


Introduction: The Old Dispensation

David Vital

in A People Apart: A Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789–1939

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199246816
eISBN:
9780191697623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246816.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The affair that Maria Theresa of Austria's decree of banishment calls attention to most precisely is the fragility of the balance between the new, civilizing impact of the Enlightenment on the ... More


Decline or Maturity? the Reich From Charles VII to Leopold II, c.1740–1792

Joachim Whaley

in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693078
eISBN:
9780191732256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693078.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The accession of Frederick the Great as king of Prussia in 1740 has been regarded as the start of Austro-Prussian dualism and the beginning of the end of the Reich. The years 1740-1763, culminating ... More


Maria Theresa and Hungary

R. J. W. Evans

in Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541621
eISBN:
9780191701252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents an essay concerning the place of Hungary in the Habsburg Monarchy during the centralist reform begun by Queen Maria Theresa and continued by her son Joseph II. It suggests that ... More


The Origins of Enlightenment in the Habsburg Lands

R. J. W. Evans

in Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541621
eISBN:
9780191701252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents an essay on the historical origins of Enlightenment in the territory of the Habsburg Monarchy. There were two different kinds of Enlightenment movement in the Habsburg territory ... More


Joseph II and the Monasteries of Austria and Hungary

Derek Beales

in Religious Change in Europe 1650–1914: Essays for John McManners

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205968
eISBN:
9780191676871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205968.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

While it is true that the policy of the emperor Joseph II, as ruler of the Austrian Monarchy in the 1780s, has often been described, certain of its aspects have still not been adequately covered. ... More


From Přcmyslids to Habsburgs: Moravian Jewry in the “Land of Canaan”

in Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter discusses the transformation and disruption of religious, communal, and demographic patterns experienced by Moravian Jewry during the Age of Emancipation. It examines the origins and ... More


The Turkish Subjects of Gluck and Haydn: Comic Opera in War and Peace

Larry Wolff

in The Singing Turk: Ottoman Power and Operatic Emotions on the European Stage from the Siege of Vienna to the Age of Napoleon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795777
eISBN:
9780804799652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795777.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the 1760s and 1770s, especially in the Habsburg monarchy, as Gluck and Haydn began to compose comic operas on Turkish themes making use of Janissary percussion and alla turca ... More


‘Our Blood and Life’: The Great Empress

Richard Bassett

in For God and Kaiser: The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300178586
eISBN:
9780300213102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178586.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on Charles VI's eldest daughter Maria Theresa, the heir to the House of Austria. Maria Theresa became the most impressive monarch of the eighteenth century. An unashamed ... More


Austria Resurgent: Theresian Military Reforms

Richard Bassett

in For God and Kaiser: The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300178586
eISBN:
9780300213102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178586.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the reform of Maria Theresa's armies. The reforms they underwent in the run-up to the Seven Years War improved their morale and effectiveness dramatically. The remainder of the ... More


Mater Castrorum

Richard Bassett

in For God and Kaiser: The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300178586
eISBN:
9780300213102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178586.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the victory of Maria Theresa's armies against Prussia. Six years of war cost Austria nearly half a million men, but Prussian casualties were much higher. With two French armies ... More


The Army and the Josephinian Enlightenment

Richard Bassett

in For God and Kaiser: The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300178586
eISBN:
9780300213102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178586.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the reforms implemented by Maria Theresa's son Joseph. The great victories of the Seven Years War not only thwarted a coalition of attempts to annihilate Austria as a great ... More


Bureaucratic Enlightenment and Galicia

Iryna Vushko

in The Politics of Cultural Retreat: Imperial Bureaucracy in Austrian Galicia, 1772-1867

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207279
eISBN:
9780300213386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207279.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an overview of the development of the bureaucratic enlightenment within the Habsburg monarchy towards the province of Galicia. The bureaucratic enlightenment started when ... More


Civilizers at Work: 1772–1794

Iryna Vushko

in The Politics of Cultural Retreat: Imperial Bureaucracy in Austrian Galicia, 1772-1867

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207279
eISBN:
9780300213386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207279.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores Galician governance under bureaucrat officials, focusing on Johann Baptist Anton Count von Pergen (1772–1774) and Joseph Karl von Brigido (1780–1794). Appointed by Empress Maria ... More


Toward a “Military, Cameral, and Debt System,” 1733–48

William D. Godsey

in The Sinews of Habsburg Power: Lower Austria in a Fiscal-Military State 1650-1820

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198809395
eISBN:
9780191846793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809395.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the Estates against the background of the war-induced crisis of government that began in 1733. It shows that the Habsburg fiscal-military state was more effective in this period ... More


Reform, Credit, and Compromise, 1749–63

William D. Godsey

in The Sinews of Habsburg Power: Lower Austria in a Fiscal-Military State 1650-1820

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198809395
eISBN:
9780191846793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809395.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with two distinct periods following the reform of the annual Contribution in 1748. The years between 1749 and 1756 were characterized by the government’s persistent and largely ... More


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