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Margaret Sanger’s Network of Feminists: Funding the Birth Control Movement

Joan Marie Johnson

in Funding Feminism: Monied Women, Philanthropy, and the Women's Movement, 1870-1967

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469634692
eISBN:
9781469634715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634692.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Many feminist philanthropists believed that economic and political rights for women were incomplete without the right to control one’s reproduction. America’s leading birth control advocate, Margaret ... More


Sterilization, Birth Control, and the Catholic Confrontation with Eugenics

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Although engaged in questioning the precepts of the eugenics movement from its inception, Catholic leaders’ interest in the movement reached its apogee in the late 1920s, when the twin issues of ... More


“Female Choice” and the Reproductive Autonomy of Women

Kimberly A. Hamlin

in From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134611
eISBN:
9780226134758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134758.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter four traces the Darwinian concept of “female choice” of sexual partners as it reverberated through feminist and socialist reform circles at the turn of the twentieth century. Darwinian ... More


Feminism and Science: Funding Research for the Pill

Joan Marie Johnson

in Funding Feminism: Monied Women, Philanthropy, and the Women's Movement, 1870-1967

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469634692
eISBN:
9781469634715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634692.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

While Sanger’s early focus was on increasing access to and information about birth control, one of her most loyal supporters, Katharine McCormick, consistently argued for the research and development ... More


Redemption through Sex

Peter Gardella

in Innocent Ecstasy, Updated Edition: How Christianity Gave America an Ethic of Sexual Pleasure

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190609405
eISBN:
9780190609436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190609405.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the birth control movement and among early psychologists, redemption from original sin was translated into sexual terms. Margaret Sanger (1879–1963), the nurse who invented the phrase “birth ... More


Crossing the Catholic Divide: Gender, Sexuality, and Historiography

R. Marie Griffith

in Catholics in the American Century: Recasting Narratives of U.S. History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451409
eISBN:
9780801465642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451409.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at another area of assimilation and distinctiveness: gender and sexuality. It explores how Catholics made up roughly a quarter of the nation's population during the twentieth ... More


“Where Else but Greenwich Village?”: Taking Sexual Liberties, 1910s–1920s

Leigh Ann Wheeler

in How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199754236
eISBN:
9780190254414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754236.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks into the intimate lives of the men and women who founded the early American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), including Crystal Eastman, and Roger Baldwin and his wife Madeleine ... More


Teaching Birth Control on Tobacco Road and Mill Village Alley: Race, Class, and Birth Control in Public Health

Johanna Schoen

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the 1930s, public health professionals launched birth control programs as part of their infant and maternal health measures. In addition to reducing infant and maternal mortality rates, offering ... More


Eugenic Feminism and the Problem of National Development

Asha Nadkarni

in Eugenic Feminism: Reproductive Nationalism in the United States and India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816689903
eISBN:
9781452949284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816689903.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This introductory chapter presents the accounts of birth control activists Margaret Sanger and Dhanvanthi Rama Rau to argue that positive eugenics in pre-independence Indian nationalist feminism is ... More


Memoirs and Meaning

Jill Ker Conway

in Believing Scholars: Ten Catholic Intellectuals

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225255
eISBN:
9780823236589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225255.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter reflects on Jill Ker Conway's spiritual journey and the way her Catholic faith had affected her scholarly life. Her Christian faith has led her interests in the moral and spiritual ... More


Meeting the Needs: The Struggle for Economic and Social Justice

Leonard Rogoff

in Gertrude Weil: Jewish Progressive in the New South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630793
eISBN:
9781469630816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630793.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Although battling cancer, family deaths, and the financial crises of the Depression, Weil continued her fight to establish a welfare state. Her platforms included the Goldsboro Bureau for Social ... More


From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America

Kimberly A. Hamlin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134611
eISBN:
9780226134758
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134758.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From Eve to Evolution analyzes the U.S. reception of Charles Darwin through the lens of gender and provides the first full-length study of women’s responses to evolutionary theory. Raised on the ... More


The History of the Pill

Rachel VanSickle-Ward and Kevin Wallsten

in The Politics of the Pill: Gender, Framing, and Policymaking in the Battle over Birth Control

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190675349
eISBN:
9780190909536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675349.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 2 places current debates about contraception policy in a broader historical context. By examining Margaret Sanger’s and Katherine McCormick’s advocacy, John Rock’s and Gregory Pincus’s ... More


A Prophet Without Honor

Kristin Kobes Du Mez

in A New Gospel for Women: Katharine Bushnell and the Challenge of Christian Feminism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190205645
eISBN:
9780190205676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205645.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion and Society

The chapter returns to Bushnell’s biographical narrative, tracing her marginalization from the American women’s movement and situating her growing isolation in terms of the decline of the social ... More


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