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Garvey Must Go: The Black Press and the Making and Unmaking of Black Male Leadership

D'Weston Haywood

in Let Us Make Men: The Twentieth-Century Black Press and a Manly Vision for Racial Advancement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643397
eISBN:
9781469643410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643397.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reinterprets the New Negro era as an intense moment of jockeying for racial leadership among certain black male leaders and black male publishers in Harlem. This chapter argues that when ... More


Marcus Garvey and the Politics of Revitalization

Lawrence W. Levine

in The Unpredictable Past: Explorations in American Cultural History

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195082975
eISBN:
9780199854035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082975.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The chapter discusses the life and work of Marcus Garvey as he influenced the politics of revitalization though he was not the only force for black revitalization in the 1920s. The black writers of ... More


Introduction

Adam Ewing

in The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter briefly presents some new perspectives on Garveyism. Though commonly recognized as one of the most important phenomena in the history of the African diaspora, observers of ... More


The Education of Marcus Mosiah Garvey

Adam Ewing

in The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter contends that the education of Marcus Garvey was both grounded in the decades-old discourse of global pan-Africanism and shaped by the ferment of his era. His youthful experiences and ... More


“His Failure Will Be Theirs”: Why the Black Elite Resisted Garveyism and Embraced Ethiopia

Alvin B. Tillery

in Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448973
eISBN:
9780801461019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448973.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the ways that black elites responded to Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) movement and the grassroots protest movement that emerged in black ... More


Garveyism Root and Branch: From the Age of Revolution to the Onset of Black Power

Michael O. West

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

The Garvey movement was at once an end and a beginning. Although very much a product of its time – the immediate post-World War I era – Garveyism was an end in that it summarized much of the thought ... More


“Garvey’s Ghost”: Life after Death1

Tammy L. Brown

in City of Islands: Caribbean Intellectuals in New York

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781628462265
eISBN:
9781626746435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462265.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The legacy of Jamaican-born black nationalist political leader Marcus Garvey haunts the cultural landscape of black thought and artistic production from the 1920s to the present. In turn, ... More


The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Adam Ewing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Jamaican activist Marcus Garvey (1887–1940) organized the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Harlem in 1917. By the early 1920s, his program of African liberation and racial uplift had ... More


“I’m Not a Businessman, I’m a Business, Man”: A Hip-Hop Genealogy of Black Entrepreneurship

Simone C. Drake

in When We Imagine Grace: Black Men and Subject Making

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226363837
eISBN:
9780226364025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226364025.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter charts a genealogy of black men’s urban business practices in relationship to citizenship and the law. Focusing on Marcus Garvey, Berry Gordy, and Jay-Z (aka Shawn Carter), this chapter ... More


un Dios, Un Fin, Un Destino: Enacting Diaspora in the Garvey Movement

Frank Andre Guridy

in Forging Diaspora: Afro-Cubans and African Americans in a World of Empire and Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807833612
eISBN:
9781469604060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895979_guridy.6
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the forging of diasporic relationships in the 1920s within the context of Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). It views the organization as a ... More


Appeal

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.9
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the Universal Negro Improvement Association's (UNIA) appeal to members in the rural South, focusing on Southwest Georgia, the Arkansas Delta, and the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. ... More


Introduction: Rediscovering Southern Garveyism

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.4
Subject:
History, African-American History

Garveyism was an ideology spread by Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican of African ancestry, during World War I while promoting the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) as a global organization with ... More


Introduction: Global Garveyism

Adam Ewing and Ronald J. Stephens

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the emergence of Garveyism and notes its historical significance. It provides a historiography of Garveyism studies focused on the work of Marcus Garvey, Amy Jacques Garvey, and ... More


Growth

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.7
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the structure of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in the South on a state-by-state basis. It documents the spread of UNIA divisions, both geographically and ... More


Marcus M. Garvey and Joseph A. Craigen: Collaborations and Conflicts

Ronald J. Stephens

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the clash between global Garveyism and local Garveyism by investigating the practice of Garveyism on the ground. It does so by focusing on the work of Joseph Alexander Craigen, ... More


Lessons

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the early experiences of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Virginia, Florida, and North Carolina, and its success in organizing the urban South. In ... More


We Depend on Others Too Much: Garveyism and Labor Radicalism in the Caribbean Basin

Frederick Douglass Opie

in Black Labor Migration in Caribbean Guatemala, 1882–1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033716
eISBN:
9780813038735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033716.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter investigates the organization of the black Caribbean coast under the influence of Garveyism. Starting in the 1920s, Marcus Garvey's followers founded local branches of the Universal ... More


The construction of a socio-political memory

Sarah Dayens

in Time and Memory in Reggae Music: The Politics of Hope

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076213
eISBN:
9781781702116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076213.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Reggae music expresses a central will: the recognition of a history of struggle – against slavery, segregation and colonisation – which is logically attached to Jamaica, but also goes beyond its ... More


Garvey in Oz: The International Black Influence on Australian Aboriginal Political Activism

John Maynard

in Anywhere But Here: Black Intellectuals in the Atlantic World and Beyond

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781628461558
eISBN:
9781626740839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461558.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

John Maynard discusses “Garvey in Oz: The International Black Influence on Australian Aboriginal Political Activism,” which brings to light the power of an historic exchange between West Indian ... More


“The Age of Unrest, the Age of Dissatisfaction”: Marcus Garvey and the Rise of Australian Aboriginal Political Protest, 1920–1929

John Maynard

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

Writing in the aftermath of World War I, Marcus Garvey argued, “Never before in the history of the world has the spirit of unrest swept over as it has during the past two years”. He declared the era ... More


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