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Narrowing the Gap of Black Women’s Burden

Dána-Ain Davis

in Reproductive Injustice: Racism, Pregnancy, and Premature Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479812271
eISBN:
9781479805662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479812271.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Administrators working within the public health approach to health issues generate information used to mobilize against a particular plight. The March of Dimes, which from its founding has developed ... More


In the Shadow of the New Deal

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Civic Gifts: Voluntarism and the Making of the American Nation-State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226559360
eISBN:
9780226670973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The Great Depression brought unemployment and misery on a scale that overwhelmed the capacity of voluntary as well as municipal resources for emergency relief. Government relief efforts were ... More


Good Citizens of a World Power: Postwar Reconfigurations of the Obligation to Give

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Boundaries of the State In Us History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226277646
eISBN:
9780226277813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226277813.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

In times of crisis, domestic or international, the capacity of American government has been enhanced by the large-scale mobilization of civic benevolence. Although the New Deal is often envisioned as ... More


Polio Can Be Conquered: Science and Health Propaganda in the United States from Polio Polly to Jonas Salk

Naomi Rogers

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.05
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the 1940s and 1950s, health officials in the United States regularly published popular guides to polio prevention, therapeutic manuals for the care of paralyzed patients, and inspirational tales ... More


The People’s Partnership

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Civic Gifts: Voluntarism and the Making of the American Nation-State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226559360
eISBN:
9780226670973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The mobilization for World War Two activated many of the public-private configurations that had been so important in the First World War. Yet there were questions of the actual contribution of all ... More


Charity Professionals: Ambivalent Generosity and the New Business of Philanthropy

Paul K. Longmore

Catherine Kudlick (ed.)

in Telethons: Spectacle, Disability, and the Business of Charity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190262075
eISBN:
9780190262105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190262075.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Cultural History

Beginning with an overview of the telethons from their origins in the late 1940s and early 1950s up to their decline in the 1990s, this chapter focuses on how the new phenomenon dovetailed with ... More


Before and after Ann Arbor

Suzanne Bourgeois

in Genesis of the Salk Institute: The Epic of Its Founders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276079
eISBN:
9780520956599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276079.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1955, the breakthrough of the Salk polio vaccine was announced in Ann Arbor. Supported by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP) and its founder, Basil O’Connor, it was at the ... More


Charitable Crusades

Rachel Kahn Best

in Common Enemies: Disease Campaigns in America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190918408
eISBN:
9780190918446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190918408.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Disease campaigns have been central to American philanthropy and public policy since the early twentieth century. Combining the appeal of narrow causes and universal beneficiaries, philanthropists ... More


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