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Finding Melanesia in Ancient Rome: Mauss’ Anthropology of nexum

Alain Pottage

in Roman Law before the Twelve Tables: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474443968
eISBN:
9781474480635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474443968.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Marcel Mauss’ The Gift is an original and unique anthropology of law. Law is the object and medium of the analysis, and the conceptual and political strategies of the text are closely adapted to the ... More


Far Afield: French Anthropology between Science and Literature

Vincent Debaene

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106908
eISBN:
9780226107233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107233.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book takes as its object of analysis the relationship between literature and anthropology in France during the twentieth century, a moment that marked ethnography’s rise to prominence as a field ... More


Introduction: Spectres of Mauss

Gerald Moore

in Politics of the Gift: Exchanges in Poststructuralism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748642021
eISBN:
9780748671861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642021.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The publication of Marcel Mauss's The Gift (1923–4) coincided with what Alan D. Schrift has described as a ‘crisis’ in French philosophy. Increasing political discredit meant philosophy found its ... More


Derrida: The Gift, the Impossible, and the Exclusion of Reciprocity

Marcel Hénaff

in The Philosophers’ Gift: Reexamining Reciprocity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823286478
eISBN:
9780823288922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823286478.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses Jacques Derrida's Given Time (1992), which presents an aporia of the gift that has made its mark and has occasioned many commentaries and a few refutations. The aporia of the ... More


Nubian Land Sales as Ceremony

Giovanni R. Ruffini

in Medieval Nubia: A Social and Economic History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199891634
eISBN:
9780199980048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891634.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, African History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores the social and ceremonial aspects of Nubian land sales. It explores the food and drink sometimes paid to witnesses of these land sales. It argues, building on the theories of ... More


Propositions I: The Ceremonial Gift—Alliance and Recognition

Marcel Hénaff

in The Philosophers' Gift: Reexamining Reciprocity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823286478
eISBN:
9780823288922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823286478.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the fundamental features of the ceremonial gift as well as its purpose. Marcel Mauss deserves credit for constituting the epistemological problem of the ritual gift based on the ... More


Marcel Mauss and the Turn to the Gift

Rebecca Colesworthy

in Returning the Gift: Modernism and the Thought of Exchange

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198778585
eISBN:
9780191823893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778585.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Chapter 1 takes a cue from recent anthropologists who have stressed the influence of Mauss’s socialism on his sociological work. Returning to Mauss’s The Gift, the chapter argues that what links his ... More


The Birth of a Discipline

Vincent Debaene

in Far Afield: French Anthropology between Science and Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106908
eISBN:
9780226107233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107233.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the birth of anthropology as an institutionalized academic discipline in early twentieth-century France. It looks at the founding of the Institut d’ethnologie and the Musée de ... More


The Political Economy in Bodily Metaphor and the Anthropologies of Integrated Communication

Stefanos Geroulanos and Todd Meyers

in The Human Body in the Age of Catastrophe: Brittleness, Integration, Science, and the Great War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226556451
eISBN:
9780226556628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556628.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

We describe the world of social-political thought in which physiological integration emerged and its influence on theories of communication in anthropology, cybernetics, and philosophy. We examine ... More


Rhetoric, the Document, and Atmosphere

Vincent Debaene

in Far Afield: French Anthropology between Science and Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106908
eISBN:
9780226107233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107233.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

When they returned from the field, French anthropologists published both specialized and broadly scientific materials but also texts that were harder to classify, literary and narrative-based ... More


“A literature that is not meaningless like our own”

Vincent Debaene

in Far Afield: French Anthropology between Science and Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106908
eISBN:
9780226107233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107233.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses ethnographic citations of indigenous literature, an important device used in the more literary supplemental texts published by French anthropologists. Studying work by ... More


Excess, Time, and the Pure Gift

Carl Olson

in The Allure of Decadent Thinking: Religious Studies and the Challenge of Postmodernism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199959839
eISBN:
9780199315970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959839.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Georges Bataille's notion of the gift and Jacques Derrida's inquiry into the possibility of a pure gift are examined within the context of Marcel Mauss's classic theory of the gift. These three ... More


Marcel Mauss: Symbolic Exchange; or, Civilization Under Water

Boris Groys

in Under Suspicion: A Phenomenology of Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146180
eISBN:
9780231518499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146180.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Marcel Mauss's views about symbolic exchange in the economy of media-ontological suspicion. It begins by discussing how the aura of medial sincerity and durability—the aura of ... More


The Allure of Decadent Thinking: Religious Studies and the Challenge of Postmodernism

Carl Olson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199959839
eISBN:
9780199315970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959839.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book offers a compelling and provocative argument against the application of postmodern thought to religious studies, showing how such radically skeptical thinking undermines, subverts, and ... More


Reconfiguring Exchange Theory: The Maori Hau

Annette B. Weiner

in Inalienable Possessions: The Paradox of Keeping-While Giving

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076037
eISBN:
9780520911802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076037.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter takes Marcel Mauss's The Gift and reanalyzes the most controversial theoretical text on “primitive” exchange and the Maori ethnography that provided Mauss with the answer to the problem ... More


Using Hubert and Mauss to think about Sacrifice

Nick Allen

in Sacrifice and Modern Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659289
eISBN:
9780191764752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659289.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This classic essay by Hubert and Mauss was both an early contribution to Durkheim’s struggle to establish an academic discipline studying social phenomena and, for the authors, the start of a ... More


Profligacy, Parsimony, and the Ethics of Expenditure in the Philosophy of Levinas

Edith Wyschogrod

in The Exorbitant: Emmanuel Levinas Between Jews and Christians

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230150
eISBN:
9780823235711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230150.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins by taking into account alternative views of the ethical subject in Levinas's thought by turning first to its emergence following the coming into being of ... More


Contagious Rhythm: Verse as a Technique of the Body

Haun Saussy

in Critical Rhythm: The Poetics of a Literary Life Form

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780823282043
eISBN:
9780823285983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823282043.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Nineteenth-century origin stories about culture and poetry assume a pattern of development and diversification from a single starting point—be that a primitive language or a single ethnic community. ... More


Sacrifice Compared: Israel and India

Guy G. Stroumsa

in The Idea of Semitic Monotheism: The Rise and Fall of a Scholarly Myth

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780192898685
eISBN:
9780191925207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192898685.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Although most major social anthropologists came from Britain, the new sensitivity to ritual among students of religion, it appears, was felt more powerfully in France than elsewhere. This chapter ... More


Initiation

in The Adventure of the Real: Jean Rouch and the Craft of Ethnographic Cinema

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226327143
eISBN:
9780226327167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226327167.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter outlines the circumstances under which, as a very young man in the late 1930s and early 1940s, Jean Rouch was first attracted to anthropology, or ethnology as it was then known in ... More


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