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Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Beverley Hooper

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949–1976 is a pioneering study of the Western community during the turbulent Mao era. Based largely on personal interviews, memoirs, private letters, ... More


Popular Memories of the Mao Era: From Critical Debate to Reassessing History

Sebastian Veg (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9789888390762
eISBN:
9789888455614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390762.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Over the past 10 or 15 years in China, there has been unprecedented critical public discussion of key episodes in PRC history, in particular the Great Famine of 1959-1961, the Anti-Rightist movement ... More


‘Our life and hard times’

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

Western correspondents were in some ways even less welcome than diplomats. Embassy reports finished up in foreign office files but correspondents’ despatches were in the public arena, potentially ... More


Into Mao’s China

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Who were these people, living in Mao’s China and prepared to ally themselves with it politically in an era of Cold War hostility? Blanket generalizations do not adequately explain their motivations. ... More


Personal and political dynamics

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0014
Subject:
History, Asian History

Although personal relationships could be intense in China, even in cases where both parties were foreigners, politics was a more pervasive factor in many people’s everyday lives. The broad ... More


Studying, Maoist style

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0015
Subject:
History, Asian History

During the Mao era, only a tiny proportion of Chinese language students in the West had the opportunity to study in China. Just a few Western students managed to have the real China experience. ... More


After Mao

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0018
Subject:
History, Asian History

Much easier access to China, travel all over the country, choosing one’s own accommodation, having Chinese friends and relationships: it was all vastly different from the Mao era. But while the ... More


Interactions

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

To outsiders, the long-term residents seemed tightly knit, conscious of their group identity and wary of Westerners who did not share the mantle of ‘foreign comrade’ or ‘international friend’. But ... More


Identities and roles

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

As representatives of the West in China, to use Isabel Crook’s words, the long-term residents were active participants in the PRC’s ‘people-to-people diplomacy’ (or ‘friendship diplomacy’) which, ... More


Cold War diplomacy

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

From the early 1970s, the US-China relationship was central to diplomatic reporting, with National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger’s visit to Peking in October 1971, President Nixon’s historic visit ... More


‘The world within’

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

To many other Western residents, the lives of embassy staff and their families seemed a world away from their own. Outside was Maoist Peking, its blue and grey cotton clothed inhabitants battling to ... More


Licensed contacts and beyond

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

Despite the restrictions, there was a small amount of ongoing personal contact, at least before the Cultural Revolution. Almost without exception, these friendships were with people who, as diplomats ... More


The web of relationships

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

Mao’s China was a striking example of Ulf Hannerz’s research finding that foreign correspondents were likely to stick together more closely ‘in cities where there were few of them’. This was ... More


Helping China?

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0013
Subject:
History, Asian History

As a community, the foreign experts fitted somewhere between the diplomatic/correspondent communities and the long-term residents. Like Western diplomats and correspondents, they usually spent around ... More


Breaking down the barriers?

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0016
Subject:
History, Asian History

‘Isolation and integration’ reflected the marginalization of students from Chinese society and their ongoing efforts to break down the barriers, not just for personal or political reasons but because ... More


Choosing China

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

On 24 February 1954, twenty-one American GIs and a British marine crossed the border from North Korea into the PRC. Whatever the individual differences in the men’s explanations, there was a common ... More


‘Dateline—Peking’

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

The correspondents’ reports reflected not just the restrictions imposed on their access to information but official efforts to control what they wrote. Unlike the situation in the Soviet Union until ... More


Across divides

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0017
Subject:
History, Asian History

National and political identities sometimes cut across group identity, just as they divided some individual communities. This can be seen most clearly by looking at relations between the ... More


Disenchantment

Beverley Hooper

in Foreigners under Mao: Western Lives in China, 1949-1976

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789888208746
eISBN:
9789888313754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208746.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Overall, China had failed to live up to the former POWs’ hopes. The grand socialist narrative of international peace and equality for all seemed to have little relevance to their everyday lives. The ... More


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