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Bipolar Millennialism: Taiping (The Great Peace, 1850–1864)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter treats the career of Hong Xiuquan, a brilliant peasant boy who failed four tries to pass the imperial exams, and almost died of shame at the failure, during which time he received a ... More


The gradual growth of the British presence in Macau in the early eighteenth century

Rogério Miguel Puga

in The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

The early eighteenth century saw the growth of the British presence in Macau. Their prolonged stay enabled them to produce more accurate descriptions of Portuguese and Chinese policies, and this in ... More


British relations and conflicts with the Portuguese and Chinese authorities in the second half of the eighteenth century

Rogério Miguel Puga

in The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the second half of the eighteenth century, conflicts between the supercargoes and the Portuguese and Chinese authorities heightened. The enclave and the Emperor of China enacted laws to regulate ... More


The “scramble for the use of Macau”1

Rogério Miguel Puga

in The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

Throughout the eighteenth century, British trade became dependent on opium. The trade was conducted by three entities, the Company as the regulator, private traders that sailed under the EIC license ... More


“Guests and old allies”1

Rogério Miguel Puga

in The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

The conflicts between the British supercargoes, independent traders and the Portuguese administration continued to intensify. The Select Committee had no control over independent traders who assumed ... More


The importance of Macau for the British China trade

Rogério Miguel Puga

in The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

Macau was the only gateway to China and long-term residence in China for the British. The Chinese delegated the power over foreigners to the Portuguese, but the Mandarinate could ban the provision of ... More


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