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Ice and Fire

James Carter

in Heart of Buddha, Heart of China: The Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195398854
eISBN:
9780199894413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398854.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Attracted by Tanxu’s work in Yingkou and other Manchurian cities, government leaders in Harbin invited Tanxu there to construct a Buddhist temple. The motivations were, as elsewhere, both religious ... More


Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Janis Mimura

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Japan's invasion of Manchuria in September of 1931 initiated a new phase of brutal occupation and warfare in Asia and the Pacific. It forwarded the project of remaking the Japanese state along ... More


Japan’s New Order in North-east Asia

W. G. Beasley

in Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221685
eISBN:
9780191678479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221685.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The events leading to the creation of Manchukuo in 1931–2 changed the frame of reference for Japanese policy making in several ways. Externally, they demonstrated that in certain circumstances the ... More


Manchukuo Perspectives: Transnational Approaches to Literary Production

Annika A. Culver and Norman Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9789888528134
eISBN:
9789882205949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888528134.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This collection reveals how, in Manchukuo (1932-1945), literature both furthered national aims while contesting them, as writers of varied ethnicities engaged in multivalent strategies to continue ... More


The American Enemy

Peter Duus and Kenji Hasegawa

in Rediscovering America: Japanese Perspectives on the American Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268432
eISBN:
9780520950375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268432.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the diplomatic and economic relations between Japan and the United States from the 1920s, which were relatively tranquil, despite a rash of fictional accounts of future wars ... More


Introduction Crisis or Catalyst?

Rana Mitter

in The Manchurian Myth: Nationalism, Resistance, and Collaboration in Modern China

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520221116
eISBN:
9780520923881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221116.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book has two main purposes: The first is to observe the reality of the occupation during the period when the Japanese-created state of Manchukuo was established and stabilized (1931–1933). The ... More


Sickness, Death, and Survival in the Works of Gu Ding and Xiao Hong

Junko Agnew

in Manchukuo Perspectives: Transnational Approaches to Literary Production

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9789888528134
eISBN:
9789882205949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888528134.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines how Chinese intellectuals of contrasting political agendas reacted to Manchukuo’s biopolitical regime within literary works. Gu Ding, who worked closely with the Japanese, ... More


In the Sunken Submarine: Russian Émigré Poetry in Manchukuo

Olga Bakich

in Manchukuo Perspectives: Transnational Approaches to Literary Production

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9789888528134
eISBN:
9789882205949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888528134.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The chapter analyzes the development and artistic responses of Russian emigré poetry under the pressures of Japanese occupation during the Manchukuo years (1932-1945). It also examines what exile and ... More


Security Concerns Trumping Korenizatsiia, 1931–1937

Jon K. Chang

in Burnt by the Sun: The Koreans of the Russian Far East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824856786
eISBN:
9780824872205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 6 covers the period 1931–1937. In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria. This greatly increased Soviet fears of invasion and espionage being carried out in the Russian Far East. At the same time, ... More


The Final Fling (1935–1938)

Shiona Airlie

in Scottish Mandarin: The Life and Times of Sir Reginald Johnston

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9789888139569
eISBN:
9789888180134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139569.003.0014
Subject:
History, Asian History

Before Johnston made the journey to Manchuria to visit Puyi, the emperor in Manchukuo at that moment, he spent his final time with Mrs Elizabeth Sparshott, the final love of his life in Edinburgh. ... More


An Open Steppe under Lock and Key

Sören Urbansky

in Beyond the Steppe Frontier: A History of the Sino-Russian Border

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691181684
eISBN:
9780691195445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181684.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter explores impacts of the Sino-Soviet conflict of 1929 and the 1931 Japanese occupation of Manchuria that affected the Argun borderland, compelling the regimes to considerably increase ... More


Beans to Banners: The Evolving Architecture of Prewar Changchun

Bill Sewell

in Harbin to Hanoi: The Colonial Built Environment in Asia, 1840 to 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9789888139415
eISBN:
9789888180721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139415.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The city of Changchun affords glimpses into two different eras of Japanese empire building. From 1905 to 1931, Changchun served as the northernmost outpost of the South Manchuria Railway, integrating ... More


France, Brossard Mopin, and Manchukuo

David Tucker

in Harbin to Hanoi: The Colonial Built Environment in Asia, 1840 to 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9789888139415
eISBN:
9789888180721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139415.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyses French interest and participation in the development of Manchukuo's infrastructure. French businesses were eager to invest there, even though France did not recognize Manchukuo. ... More


A Growing Awareness

Phyllis Birnbaum

in Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy: The Story of Kawashima Yoshiko, the Cross-Dressing Spy Who Commanded Her Own Army

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152181
eISBN:
9780231526340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152181.003.0018
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Saga Hiro's growing awareness of Japan's real intentions in Manchukuo. Both Hiro, the aristocratic Japanese wife of the Manchu prince Pujie, and Kawashima Yoshiko took time to ... More


Commander Jin

Phyllis Birnbaum

in Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy: The Story of Kawashima Yoshiko, the Cross-Dressing Spy Who Commanded Her Own Army

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152181
eISBN:
9780231526340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152181.003.0019
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Kawashima Yoshiko's participation in the Japanese occupation of China in 1931. As a commander, she assumed the name Jin Bihui—“Jin” the surname used by her Chinese relatives ... More


Starting Over in Manchukuo

Phyllis Birnbaum

in Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy: The Story of Kawashima Yoshiko, the Cross-Dressing Spy Who Commanded Her Own Army

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152181
eISBN:
9780231526340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152181.003.0020
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines how the Japanese government urged Japanese citizens to abandon their lives in Japan and make a new start in Manchukuo, the puppet state it established in China in 1932. While ... More


Wild Child

Phyllis Birnbaum

in Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy: The Story of Kawashima Yoshiko, the Cross-Dressing Spy Who Commanded Her Own Army

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152181
eISBN:
9780231526340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152181.003.0022
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Kawashima Yoshiko's alleged failure to bring clarity to her principles after her involvement as a spy who played a prominent role in Japan's occupation of China in 1931. In ... More


A Daughter Looks Back

Phyllis Birnbaum

in Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy: The Story of Kawashima Yoshiko, the Cross-Dressing Spy Who Commanded Her Own Army

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152181
eISBN:
9780231526340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152181.003.0023
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Fukunaga Kosei's recollections of the difficulties she and her parents, Saga Hiro and the Manchu prince Pujie, encountered during the war between China and Japan. Kosei lived ... More


Narrow Escapes

Phyllis Birnbaum

in Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy: The Story of Kawashima Yoshiko, the Cross-Dressing Spy Who Commanded Her Own Army

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152181
eISBN:
9780231526340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152181.003.0029
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on how Japanese settlers in Manchukuo had to make the terrible flight to Japan following their country's defeat in World War II that turned China into chaos. The Nationalist ... More


Crisis over Manchuria

Thomas W. Burkman

in Japan and the League of Nations: Empire and World Order, 1914-1938

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824829827
eISBN:
9780824869144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824829827.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the Manchurian Incident, a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion of northeastern China, known as Manchuria. On the night ... More


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