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Classical Dynamics: The Corn Economy

Richard M. Goodwin

in Chaotic Economic Dynamics

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283355
eISBN:
9780191596315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283350.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Deals with the classical dynamical problem of technological advances in an agricultural (corn) economy. Goodwin asserts that two mis‐specifications—concerning labour supply and technical ... More


Flexible Population and Avoidance of Malthusian Poverty

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

So far, this book has been concerned with an economy where the labour force increases at a given constant rate, independently of the real wage rate and other economic factors.. However, the rate of ... More


Economic Growth in a Malthusian Empire

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines Rome's lack of an industrial revolution. Without this momentous change, Rome was subject to Malthusian pressures that limited its economic growth. Yet Malthusian economies can ... More


ON EARTH AS IT IS IN THE HEAVENS

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the main theme of this book: the analogy between celestial mechanics and population growth. It argues that like planetary motion, population growth is best understood via ... More


Endogenous Fertility and the Environment: A Parable of Firewood

Marc Nerlove and Anke Meyer

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses a model which examines interactions between population growth and the environment. In this model, various assumptions are made such as that fertility is endogenous; parents are ... More


Food, Famine, and Ireland

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers whether Ireland was more vulnerable to famine than its European neighbours because of over-population, climate, peasant attitudes, or government policy. It discusses the ... More


Population and Resources

John Hatcher and Mark Bailey

in Modelling the Middle Ages: The History and Theory of England's Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244119
eISBN:
9780191697333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244119.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Economic History

This chapter outlines a series of plausible arguments intended to demonstrate that the key to economic development is to be found in the relationship between population and resources, labour and ... More


The genesis of international mass migration: The British case, 1750-1900

Eric Richards

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781526131485
eISBN:
9781526138910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526131485.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Very large numbers of people began to depart the British Isles for the New Worlds after about 1770. This was a pioneering movement, a rehearsal for modern international migration. This book contends ... More


Abundance, Scarcity, and Limits in the Age of Oil

Matthew Schneider-Mayerson

in Peak Oil: Apocalyptic Environmentalism and Libertarian Political Culture

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226285269
eISBN:
9780226285573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226285573.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter documents and contextualizes the phenomenon of peakism in the early 2000s. It explains the attraction of the peak oil theory with reference to three major events that placed petroleum ... More


Rapid Population Growth and Long-term Development

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

in The Macroeconomics of Developing Countries: An Intermediate Textbook

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198856672
eISBN:
9780191889851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856672.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews population trends over the last two hundred years and population projections to the end of this century. In 2100 the world population will have stabilized but its geographical ... More


Population and the Economy

Richard H. Tilly and Michael Kopsidis

in From Old Regime to Industrial State: A History of German Industrialization from the Eighteenth Century to World War I

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226725437
eISBN:
9780226725574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226725574.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 1 shows a clear trend of population growth from around 1650 to 1914, describing the demographic regime of the 18th century as a high-pressure Malthusian system, though one that harbored ... More


Britten's Bad Boys: Male Relations in the Turn of the Screw

Philip Brett

in Music and Sexuality in Britten: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520246096
eISBN:
9780520939127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246096.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter delves into the nineteenth-century sexual discourse's preoccupation with male practices for which “onanism” served as a label. The Turn of The Screw is characterized by the Foucauldian ... More


Vital Networks

Rutger van Santen, Djan Khoe, and Bram Vermeer

in 2030: Technology That Will Change the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195377170
eISBN:
9780197562680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195377170.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

The explosion in the world’s population appears to be slowing down. Fifty years ago, an average woman had between five and six children. The global average now is just 2.6. In a mere two ... More


Adult Mortality and Modern Growth

Davide Fiaschi and Tamara Fioroni

Matteo Cervellati and Uwe Sunde (eds)

in Demographic Change and Long-Run Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036627
eISBN:
9780262341660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores the role of increased adult longevity and technological progress in the transition from Malthusian equilibrium to modern growth. Empirical evidence suggests a general upward ... More


Time Since What? (Re)interpreting the Neolithic Transition in a Malthusian Environment

Nils-Petter Lagerlöf

Matteo Cervellati and Uwe Sunde (eds)

in Demographic Change and Long-Run Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036627
eISBN:
9780262341660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter provides a reinterpretation of the positive correlation between the time since the Neolithic transition and per-capita income before the economic and demographic transitions. It shows ... More


Age and Size at Maturity

Derek A. Roff

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Age and size at maturity have been an object of interest to humans since the domestication of animals and plants, for one of the objectives of domestication was to produce an organism that grew ... More


* From Fragmentation to Forest Resurgence: Paradigms, Representations, and Practices

Susanna B. Hecht, Kathleen D. Morrison, and Christine Padoch

in The Social Lives of Forests: Past, Present, and Future of Woodland Resurgence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226322667
eISBN:
9780226024134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024134.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter introduces the organizing principle of both the volume and the conference that gave rise to it—an argument that counters the “apocalyptic vision” that monopolizes both the popular and ... More


* Stories of Nature’s Hybridity in Europe: Implications for Forest Conservation in the Global South

Roderick P. Neumann

in The Social Lives of Forests: Past, Present, and Future of Woodland Resurgence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226322667
eISBN:
9780226024134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024134.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Do human activities improve nature or diminish it? Neo-Malthusian environmentalist thought and the idea of humans as destroyers of nature's balance remain a powerful discourse shaping interventions ... More


Artificial Intelligence and Its Implications for Income Distribution and Unemployment

Anton Korinek and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in The Economics of Artificial Intelligence: An Agenda

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226613338
eISBN:
9780226613475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226613475.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Inequality is one of the main challenges posed by the proliferation of artificial intelligence (AI) and other forms of worker-replacing technological progress. This paper provides a taxonomy of the ... More


Benchmark Macroeconomic Models and Policy Advice

Kartik B. Athreya

in Big Ideas in Macroeconomics: A Nontechnical View

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019736
eISBN:
9780262314404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019736.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Versions of the ADM model are the starting point for much macroeconomic analysis. But how can such models possibly play any role at all in organizing macroeconomists’ thinking? After all, not only is ... More


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