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The Philosophy of John Norris

W. J. Mander

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230303
eISBN:
9780191710643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230303.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Best known today as one of the earliest critics of John Locke, John Norris (1657-1711) incorporated ideas of Augustine, Malebranche, Plato, the Cambridge Platonists, and the scholastics into an ... More


Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Steven Nadler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of essays on the problem of causation in seventeenth-century philosophy. Occasionalism is the doctrine, held by a number of early modern Cartesian thinkers, that created ... More


What Mechanism Isn't

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

There are two ways to understand early modern mechanism: first, as the view that what happens in the natural world is a result of the mechanical properties of bodies (call this “course‐of‐nature ... More


Causation and Explanation

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

These two analyses of law, while consistent, allow us to explain Malebranche's complex attitude toward the connection between causation and explanation. Taken as summaries of God's volitions, laws ... More


The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Nicholas Jolley

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The concept of an idea plays a central role in seventeenth‐century theories of mind and knowledge. However, philosophers of the period were seriously divided over the nature of ideas. The Light of ... More


The Scope of Mechanism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There are three areas of particular concern to mechanists, concerns which highlight the legitimatory aspects of the mechanist project in natural philosophy. The first is the question of how ... More


Faculties of the Soul: Response to Dominik Perler

Andrew Pyle

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter seeks to do three things. It raises a few remaining difficulties for Perler's account of the soul and its faculties in Suarez and Descartes. The chapter then proceeds to discuss the ... More


 The Berkelian Basics: Why Esse Is Not Percipi

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter begins the task of elucidating Berkeley's active/passive distinction by focusing on his understanding of the concept of existence. The latter is elucidated by mapping Berkeley's ... More


 Agency and Occasionalism

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter applies the various interpretive tools developed in the previous chapters to the question of the relationship between Berkeley's metaphysics and occasionalism. It is widely believed that ... More


Matter, Omnipotence, and Our Idea of Necessity

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter's particular concern is to identify and describe the way in which Hume's discussion of our idea of necessity (T,1.3.14) is intimately and intricately related to a number of theological ... More


Skepticism, Deception, and the Material World

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the early eighteenth century context there was an intimate connection between problems concerning the existence of the material world and problems of natural religion. Two issues are of particular ... More


Faith and Reason

W. J. Mander

in The Philosophy of John Norris

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230303
eISBN:
9780191710643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230303.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Norris's views about faith. Norris was far from believing that everything in true religion, everything essential for salvation, could be determined by unaided human reason; to ... More


From Experimental Philosophy to Empiricism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The chapter explores the development of the thought of John Locke. It begins with his early medical concerns, showing how these became connected with the issue of the standing of ‘experimental ... More


Occasionalism and the Mind‐Body Problem

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the myth that occasionalism arose as an ad hoc response to the mind-body problem bequeathed by Descartes. In fact, there are a number of arguments and motivations ... More


Occasionalism and General Will in Malebranche

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the details of Malebranche’s account of divine activity in his occasionalism, and in particular his notion of divine general volitions. Contrary to a reading first ... More


Knowledge, Volitional Agency, and Causation in Malebranche and Geulincx

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some occasionalists argue that there is an epistemic or cognitive condition for causality, whereby in order to count as the cause of an effect one must know how to bring that effect about. Finite ... More


Louis de la Forge and the Development of Occasionalism: Continuous Creation and the Activity of the Soul

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers some implications of an important argument for occasionalism used by La Forge (and Malebranche). If God, as La Forge’s “continuous creation” arguments runs, is required to ... More


“No Necessary Connection”: The Medieval Roots of the Occasionalist Roots of Humen

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A number of philosophers, from the medieval period on (some of whom were occasionalists), have argued that a central feature of causal relations is a necessary connection between cause and effect. ... More


Choosing a Theodicy: The Leibniz‐Malebranche‐Arnauld Connection

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the approaches to the problem of evil, or theodicies, of three very different seventeenth-century philosophers who were in correspondence with each other and even, ... More


Philosophical Inquiry and the Problem of Current Commitments

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter locates Descartes within a long-standing tradition of philosophers who are sensitive to the pedagogical problem of how to speak to somebody who occupies a different intellectual ... More


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