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Islam in the Sudan: Moving Beyond the Crossroads?

Charlotte A. Quinn and Frederick Quinn

in Pride, Faith and Fear: Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195063868
eISBN:
9780199834587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195063864.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Sudan, at the crossroads between Africa and the Arab world, is an oil‐rich, largely barren country with a Muslim North, home to numerous factions and brotherhoods, and a Christian South, with many ... More


Shaykh Sīdī Maḥmūd al-Baghdādī and his Arrival in Aïr in the Sixteenth Century

H. T. Norris

in Ṣūfī Mystics of the Niger Desert: Sidi Mahmud and the Hermits of Aïr

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198265382
eISBN:
9780191682889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265382.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines passages of the Qudwa that are concerned with the signs of the Mahdī who will appear at the end of time, the role played by Sīdī Mahmūd in the divine plan. The beliefs about the ... More


The Imam's Return: Messianic Leadership in Late Medieval Shiʿism

Shahzad Bashir

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Although a majority of Shiʼi intellectual activity in the period of occultation (ghayba) has been carried out by scholars primarily categorized as mujtahids, there have also been individuals who have ... More


The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition': An Annotated Translation by Nu'aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi

Nu'aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474424103
eISBN:
9781474435659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424103.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

“The Book of Tribulations by Nu`aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi (d. 844) is the earliest Muslim apocalyptic work to come down to us. Its contents focus upon the cataclysmic events to happen before the end ... More


Jihads and Crusades in Sudan from 1881 to the Present

Heather J. Sharkey

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter grapples with several difficult questions that arise from the history of conquest, revolution, and colonial rule in Sudan. To what extent was the Mahdist jihad anti-Christian at its ... More


The Awaited Mahdi in Contemporary Times

Hussein Ahmad Amin

in The Sorrowful Muslim's Guide

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474437073
eISBN:
9781474453653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474437073.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the figure of the Mahdi, who in Islamic eschatology is the prophesied redeemer of Islam, ridding the entire world of all evil as a kind of Messiah for Muslims. The chapter ... More


The Malignant Tumor of the Colonial State: The Antibodies

Abdullahi A. Gallab

in A Civil Society Deferred: The Tertiary Grip of Violence in the Sudan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036885
eISBN:
9780813041827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036885.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter addresses the different methods of resistance to the colonial state. Faced with the colonial system and its subjugation of resistance and other forms of hostile engagement, various ... More


A Tale of Three Cities: Omdurman

Abdullahi A. Gallab

in A Civil Society Deferred: The Tertiary Grip of Violence in the Sudan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036885
eISBN:
9780813041827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036885.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter addresses the rise, fall, and resurrection of Omdurnan. The triumph of the Mahdist revolution raised serious challenges for the entire colonial scheme. Nowhere were such challenges more ... More


The Consolidation of Abbasid Power: Al-Manṣūr and Al-Mahdī (754–785)

Andrew Marsham

in Rituals of Islamic Monarchy: Accession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625123
eISBN:
9780748653157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the consolidation of Abbasid power. Al-Mansūr ruled for only twenty-one years and much of his reign was marked by continued upheavals and conflicts. Rebellions in the name of ... More


Old Texts, New Practices: Islamic Reform in Modern Morocco

Etty Terem

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787079
eISBN:
9780804790840
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book inquires into the composition, function, and meaning of Islamic tradition, and by extension, into the larger question of the relationship between tradition and historical change. It is ... More


Modern Islam and the Religious Reform Tradition

Etty Terem

in Old Texts, New Practices: Islamic Reform in Modern Morocco

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787079
eISBN:
9780804790840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter challenges the ways in which Islamic modernism has been constructed and theorized, and elaborates upon the conception of Islamic tradition and historical change that is central to the ... More


Religious Knowledge and Authority in Precolonial Morocco

Etty Terem

in Old Texts, New Practices: Islamic Reform in Modern Morocco

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787079
eISBN:
9780804790840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter looks at al-Mahdī al-Wazzānī's biography. It focuses on the experiences, institutions, and professional roles that shaped al-Wazzānī's identity and his vision of the world, and ... More


Oaths, Taxes and Tithes: Organising an Imminent Utopia

Jamel A. Velji

in An Apocalyptic History of the Early Fatimid Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748690886
eISBN:
9781474427104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748690886.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter illustrates the ways in which the revolutionary dimension of the early Fatimid interpretive system was organized on the realm of terrestrial history. Preparations for the arrival of a ... More


Taʾwīl of an Apocalyptic Transcript I: The Book of Unveiling

Jamel A. Velji

in An Apocalyptic History of the Early Fatimid Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748690886
eISBN:
9781474427104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748690886.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter examines the apocalyptic symbolism of one of the first works of taʾwīl attributed to the Fatimids, the Kitāb al-kashf, or Book of Unveiling. After a brief introduction to the apocalyptic ... More


Taʾwīl of an Apocalyptic Transcript II: The Book of Righteousness and True Guidance

Jamel A. Velji

in An Apocalyptic History of the Early Fatimid Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748690886
eISBN:
9781474427104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748690886.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Chapter four examines another text of taʾwīl dated to the Fatimid revolution, the Kitāb al-rushd wa-l-hidāya, or Book of righteousness and true guidance. It discusses how numerical correspondences ... More


To Temper an Imminent Eschatology: The Contributions of al-Mahdī and Qāḍī l-Nuʿmān

Jamel A. Velji

in An Apocalyptic History of the Early Fatimid Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748690886
eISBN:
9781474427104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748690886.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Chapter five focuses on the ways in which the first Fatimid caliph al-Mahdi and the most important ideologue of the Fatimid State, Qāḍī l-Nuʿmān, reinterpreted the identity of the eschatological ... More


The Mahdi and Jesus as Allies against al-Dajjal (the Antichrist)

Zeki Saritoprak

in Islam's Jesus

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049403
eISBN:
9780813050171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049403.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Including the views of a number of important commentators and scholars, among them Ibn al-‘Arabi, Ibn Khaldun, and Bediüzzaman Said Nursi, chapter 6 specifically addresses the relationship among ... More


General Gordon

Stephanie Barczewski

in Heroic Failure and the British

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300180060
eISBN:
9780300186819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180060.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the death of General Charles George Gordon as an example of heroic failure. In October 1884, a relief expedition was sent to Khartoum in the Sudan to help Gordon and a garrison ... More


Paths to Safety

Mark Kukis

in Voices from Iraq: A People's History, 2003-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156929
eISBN:
9780231527569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.003.0019
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In this chapter, Maysoon Mahdi and Usra J'bara Hadi recount their experiences during the Iraq war. A mother of three, Maysoon Mahdi has worked since 1986 as an expert on livestock in the Ministry of ... More


Less Than Whole

Mark Kukis

in Voices from Iraq: A People's History, 2003-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156929
eISBN:
9780231527569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.003.0024
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In this chapter, Ali'a Anwer Majid and Rana Abdul Mahdi recount their experiences during the Iraq war. Ali'a Anwer Majid is a taxi driver supporting a wife and four children. He had managed to keep ... More


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