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The Dispeller of Disputes: Nagarjuna's Vigrahavyavartani

Jan Westerhoff

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199732692
eISBN:
9780199777365
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732692.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, Philosophy of Religion

The Vigrahavyāvartanī is a short work by the second-century Indian Buddhist philosopher Nāgārjuna. In this text, which is written in a lively question-and-answer style he addresses a number of ... More


Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka: A Philosophical Introduction

Jan Westerhoff

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375213
eISBN:
9780199871360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375213.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book contains a discussion of thought of the 2nd-century Indian Buddhist philosophy Nāgārjuna, the founder of the ‘Middle Way’ (Madhyamaka) school of Buddhist thought. The discussion is based on ... More


Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

The Cowherds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The doctrine of the two truths—a conventional truth and an ultimate truth—is central to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology. The two truths (or two realities), the distinction between them, and the ... More


Is Everything Connected to Everything Else? What the Gopīs Know

Mark Siderits

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

From the Madhyamaka claim that nothing has intrinsic nature it follows that nothing could be ultimately real. It is sometimes said to be a further consequence of emptiness that conventionally real ... More


The Merely Conventional Existence of the World

Jan Westerhoff

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter presents a framework that allows us to make sense of the Madhyamaka view that all objects are conventional truths, that is, merely conventionally existent objects. To do this the chapter ... More


Ethics for Mādhyamikas

Bronwyn Finnigan and Koji Tanaka

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter investigates implications of the Madhyamaka doctrine of two truths for ethics, focusing on the possibility of justifying ethical precepts given the doctrine of the two truths and the ... More


An Introduction to Conventional Truth

Guy Newland and Tom Tillemans

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The two truths (satyadvaya), conventional and ultimate, originated as a construct for reconciling scriptural statements; conventional truths were taken as a skillful method (upāyakauśalya) leading to ... More


Taking Conventional Truth Seriously: Authority regarding Deceptive Reality

Jay L. Garfield

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Mādhyamika philosophers in India and Tibet distinguish between two truths—the conventional and the ultimate. It is difficult, however, to say in what sense conventional truth is indeed a truth as ... More


Prāsaṅgika Epistemology in Context

Sonam Thakchöe

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Some argue that a Prāsaṅgika Mādhyamika is committed to rejecting all epistemic instruments (pramāṇa) because they reject intrinsic natures (svabhāva) and intrinsic characteristics (svalakṣaṇa). This ... More


Weighing the Butter, Levels of Explanation, and Falsification: Models of the Conventional in Tsongkhapa’s Account of Madhyamaka

Guy Martin Newland

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Emptiness is understood via analysis interrogating how things ultimately exist––usually leaving the conventional as nonanalytical. However, for Tsongkhapa (1357–1419), knowledge arising from ... More


Identifying the Object of Negation and the Status of Conventional Truth: Why the dGag Bya Matters So Much to Tibetan Mādhyamikas

Jay L. Garfield and Sonam Thakchöe

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Tibetan Mādhyamikas devote considerable attention to debates concerning the object of negation (Tib. dgag bya) in deconstructive Madhyamaka analysis. This chapter argues that this attention is ... More


Can a Mādhyamika Be a Skeptic? The Case of Patsab Nyimadrak

Georges Dreyfus

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter compares the twelfth-century Tibetan thinker Patsab’s interpretation of Madhyamaka with certain readings of ancient skepticism, focusing on the central question that skeptical accounts ... More


The (Two) Truths about Truth

Graham Priest, Mark Siderits, and Tom Tillemans

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The Buddhist doctrine of satyadvaya can be understood both as the claim that there are two realities (ontological) and as the claim that there are two truths (semantic). This chapter concerns the ... More


How Far Can a Mādhyamika Buddhist Reform Conventional Truth? Dismal Relativism, Fictionalism, Easy-Easy Truth, and the Alternatives

Tom Tillemans

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Mādhyamikas of Candrakīrti’s school often say they accept as conventionally true all and only what the world accepts to be true. The rationale they invoke is that since all things are empty of ... More


Transcending Ethics

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter explains the sense in which Mahāyāna practitioners must go beyond ethics, relating this concept to the doctrine of no self. Advanced Mahayanists internalize morality so completely that ... More


Travelers on the Buddha's Path

Karen C. Lang

in Four Illusions: Candrakirti's Advice to Travelers on the Bodhisattva Path

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151138
eISBN:
9780199870448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151135.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Candrakiriti was a Mahāyāna Buddhist whose numerous philosophical treatises on the Madhyamaka school were written between the mid‐sixth to the mid‐seventh centuries c.e. Traditional accounts of his ... More


Enacting the Self: Buddhist and Enactivist Approaches to the Emergence of the Self

Matthew MacKenzie

in Self, No Self?: Perspectives from Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199593804
eISBN:
9780191595691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593804.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter brings together insights drawn from Indo-Tibetan Buddhist and enactivist accounts of the self. It examines the Buddhist theory of non-self and the reductionist formulation developed by ... More


The Madman's Middle Way: Reflections on Reality of the Tibetan Monk Gendun Chopel

Donald S. Lopez Jr.

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226493169
eISBN:
9780226493220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226493220.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Gendun Chopel is considered the most important Tibetan intellectual of the twentieth century. His life spanned the two defining moments in modern Tibetan history: the entry into Lhasa by British ... More


The Madhyamaka

José Ignacio Cabezón

in The Buddha's Doctrine and the Nine Vehicles: Rog Bande Sherab's Lamp of the Teachings

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199958603
eISBN:
9780199980819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199958603.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The Madhayamaka or Middle Way School is the subject of chapter 12. As in the other chapters of Part II, Rogben is concerned with the views of the Madhyamaka school in general, as well as with the ... More


Tibetan Buddhist Philosophy of Mind and Nature

Douglas S. Duckworth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190883959
eISBN:
9780190883980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883959.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, Philosophy of Religion

This book offers an engaging philosophical overview of Tibetan Buddhist thought. It shows the way that Buddhist theory informs Buddhist practice across various Tibetan traditions in ways that ... More


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