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The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Arlindo Oliveira

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This book addresses the connections between computers, life, evolution, brains, and minds. Digital computers are recent and have changed our society. However, they represent just the latest way to ... More


The Quest for Intelligent Machines

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter addresses the question of whether a computer can become intelligent and how to test for that possibility. It introduces the idea of the Turing test, a test developed to determine, in an ... More


Interactive Learning with Mutual Explanations in Relational Domains

Ute Schmid

in Human-Like Machine Intelligence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198862536
eISBN:
9780191895333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862536.003.0017
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

With the growing number of applications of machine learning in complex real-world domains machine learning research has to meet new requirements to deal with the imperfections of real world data and ... More


An Overview of the RELIEF Algorithm and Advancements

Alexandre Todorov

in Statistical Approaches to Gene X Environment Interactions for Complex Phenotypes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034685
eISBN:
9780262335522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034685.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The aim of the RELIEF algorithm is to filter out features (e.g., genes, environmental factors) that are relevant to a trait of interest, starting from a set of that may include thousands of ... More


Logic-based Robotics

Claude Sammut, Reza Farid, Handy Wicaksono, and Timothy Wiley

in Human-Like Machine Intelligence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198862536
eISBN:
9780191895333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862536.003.0023
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter explores methods for combining symbolic and sub-symbolic reasoning and learning systems to take advantage of the strengths of each approach in challenging tasks in robotics. In ... More


Human-like Computer Vision

Stephen Muggleton and Wang-Zhou Dai

in Human-Like Machine Intelligence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198862536
eISBN:
9780191895333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862536.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Statistical machine learning is widely used in image classification and typically 1) requires many images to achieve high accuracy and 2) does not provide support for reasoning below the level of ... More


Human–Machine Collaboration for Democratizing Data Science

CléMent Gautrais, Yann Dauxais, Stefano Teso, Samuel Kolb, Gust Verbruggen, and Luc De Raedt

in Human-Like Machine Intelligence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198862536
eISBN:
9780191895333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862536.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Everybody wants to analyse their data, but only few posses the data science expertise to do this. Motivated by this observation, we introduce a novel framework and system VisualSynth for ... More


We Want Robots to See and Understand the World

Antonio Torralba and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Antonio Torralba, member of MIT CSAIL, opens the dialogue by describing the research he performs in the field of computer vision and related artificial intelligence (AI). He also compares the ... More


Human–Machine Scientific Discovery

Alireza Tamaddoni-Nezhad, David Bohan, Ghazal Afroozi Milani, Alan Raybould, and Stephen Muggleton

in Human-Like Machine Intelligence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198862536
eISBN:
9780191895333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862536.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Humanity is facing existential, societal challenges related to food security, ecosystem conservation, antimicrobial resistance, etc, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) is already playing an important ... More


Motif Discovery in Protein Structure Databases

Janice Glasgow and Evan Steeg

in Pattern Discovery in Biomolecular Data: Tools, Techniques, and Applications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119404
eISBN:
9780197561256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119404.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

The field of knowledge discovery is concerned with the theory and processes involved in the representation and extraction of patterns or motifs from large databases. Discovered patterns can be used ... More


Defining Project Objectives

Kai R. Larsen and Daniel S. Becker

in Automated Machine Learning for Business

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190941659
eISBN:
9780197601495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190941659.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Innovation

This section covers the first steps of a the Machine Learning Life Cycle Model; how to specify a business problem, acquire subject matter expertise, define prediction target, define unit of analysis, ... More


Data-Sense and Non-Sense

Sun-ha Hong

in Technologies of Speculation: The Limits of Knowledge in a Data-Driven Society

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479860234
eISBN:
9781479855759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479860234.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Data-driven knowledge is increasingly produced without regard to human cognition and sensibility, yet this conflagration of machinic non-sense also demands that we adapt to its rationality. ... More


Learning from the Impossible

Andrea Moro

in Impossible Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Understanding the nature and the structure of human language coincides with capturing the constraints which make a conceivable language possible or, equivalently, whether there are impossible ... More


Game Analytics for Games User Research

Anders Drachen and Shawn Connor

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

Game Analytics (GA) provides new ways to conduct user research, counteracting some of the weaknesses of traditional approaches while retaining essential compatibility with the methodologies of GUR. ... More


Conclusion

David M. Day and Margit Wiesner

in Criminal Trajectories: A Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479880058
eISBN:
9781479888276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479880058.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

It has been 25 years since the criminal trajectory methodology was first introduced. Scientists from multiple fields have now arrived at a much more balanced view of its strengths and weaknesses. The ... More


Remembering Our Future: The Frontier of Search Technologies

Ricardo Baeza-Yates and Adolfo Ricardo

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the computer scientist Ricardo Baeza-Yates explains why search technologies enable behavioral patterns which are more deterministic for some people rather than others to be ... More


Statistical Tests and Algorithms

Áki J. Láruson and Floyd A. Reed

in Population Genetics with R: An Introduction for Life Scientists

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198829539
eISBN:
9780191868092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829539.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In this chapter statistical tests are performed in R, including the χ‎2 tests; testing can be started if allele and genotype frequency data match the reader’s expectations. Writing and running ... More


Who profits?

Harold Thimbleby

in Fix IT: See and solve the problems of digital healthcare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198861270
eISBN:
9780191893339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861270.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Who is profiting from our data? Is Artificial Intelligence (AI) the solution to better healthcare?


Punching above your weight: how small studios can leverage data for an unfair advantage

Lysiane Charest

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0020
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter is aimed at small-to-medium-sized studios wanting to introduce analytics into their development process. It focuses on concepts and techniques that are most useful for smaller studios, ... More


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