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The Americanization of Calvinism: Explosion, 1827–1860

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The middle decades of the nineteenth century witnessed both the golden age of American Calvinism and its decline. Increasing fragmentation among Calvinistic voices as well as the rise of competition ... More


The Decline and Fall of the Edwardsian Culture: Taylorites, Tylerites, and the Disintegration of New England Calvinism

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Threatened by Unitarianism and Finneyite progressives, the Edwardsians of the 1820s banded together to fight off the encroachment of theological liberalism and “new measures” revivalism. By 1828, ... More


Litchfield: 1816–1824

Joan D. Hedrick

in Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096392
eISBN:
9780199854288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096392.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

A prosperous professional elite made Litchfield appealing to people of taste and intellect. Judge Tapping Reeve, a leading Litchfield citizen and intimate of Lyman Beecher, and other like-minded men ... More


Resistance and Revisionism

Steven K. Green

in The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195399677
eISBN:
9780199777150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399677.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the reactions among conservative clergy to disestablishment that were generated by the French Revolution and Jefferson’s election as president in 1800. It examines the impact ... More


Calvinist Childhoods, 1800–1837

Barbara A. White

in The Beecher Sisters

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099270
eISBN:
9780300127638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099270.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the childhood of the Beecher sisters, who had the good fortune to be born into one of the most famous and controversial families of the nineteenth century. Lyman Beecher, the ... More


Taylor at the Reins of the “One‐Hoss Shay”: New Haven and the Edwardsian Theological Culture

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Sweeney argues that three key relationships grounded Taylor even deeper in the Edwardsian culture – his close friendships with Lyman Beecher and Timothy Dwight and his marriage to Rebecca Marie Hine. ... More


New England Beginnings: 1811–1816

Joan D. Hedrick

in Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096392
eISBN:
9780199854288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096392.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the beginnings of the Beecher family in Litchfield, New England. Like much of her writing, Litchfield bears the strong stamp of geography and local culture. In contrasting ... More


The Beecher Sisters

Barbara A. White

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099270
eISBN:
9780300127638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099270.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book is a joint biography of the famous Beecher sisters, who lived and worked in nineteenth-century America. Daughters of the well-known evangelist Lyman Beecher, the three sisters, who were not ... More


The Americanization of Calvinism: The Congregationalist Era, 1793–1827

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Between 1790 and 1840, Reformed theology reached the summit of its broad influence in American culture. With New England's Congregationalists in the lead, and then joined by mid‐state and southern ... More


The West: 1832–1833

Joan D. Hedrick

in Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096392
eISBN:
9780199854288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096392.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Henry Ward Beecher was a student at Amherst College when he received the news from Harriet Beecher that Catharine Beecher and their father, Lyman Beecher, had gone out to Cincinnati to assess the ... More


New England Disestablishment

Steven K. Green

in The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195399677
eISBN:
9780199777150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399677.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the final political disestablishment in three New England states: New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Massachusetts. It examines the competing understandings of disestablishment ... More


Nutplains: 1811–1816

Joan D. Hedrick

in Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096392
eISBN:
9780199854288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096392.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Harriet Beecher Stowe's richest memories of Roxana Beecher were entangled with her visits to her mother's childhood home in Guilford, Connecticut, in an area called Nutplains. By contrast with the ... More


Free Men and Free Speech: 1834–1837

Joan D. Hedrick

in Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096392
eISBN:
9780199854288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096392.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Harriet Beecher Stowe embarked upon housekeeping during the turbulent decade of the 1830s when anti-slavery riots erupted in most of the major cities. Harriet ... More


Pleas for Democracy: Federalism, Expansionism, and Nativism

Elizabeth Fenton

in Religious Liberties: Anti-Catholicism and Liberal Democracy in Nineteenth-Century U.S. Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195384093
eISBN:
9780199893584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384093.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter links the anti-Catholic anxieties evident in early national novels to Federalist-era debates about the relationship between a nation’s territorial scope and its capacity to protect the ... More


The Common School Awakening in Ohio

David Komline

in The Common School Awakening: Religion and the Transatlantic Roots of American Public Education

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190085155
eISBN:
9780190085186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190085155.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, History of Christianity

This chapter narrates the key developments in the movement to systematize and professionalize Ohio’s schools, which culminated in 1837 with the creation of the office of the superintendent of common ... More


La Belle Puritaine

Kenyon Gradert

in Puritan Spirits in the Abolitionist Imagination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226694023
eISBN:
9780226694160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226694160.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explores how William Lloyd Garrison's critique of the church challenged the Puritans’ most direct institutional heirs, the “Presbygationalist” clergy, and how Henry Ward Beecher and ... More


Entrenchment in the Second Great Awakening

Benjamin T. Lynerd

in Republican Theology: The Civil Religion of American Evangelicals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199363551
eISBN:
9780199363582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363551.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

A religious revival in the early nineteenth century seared republican theology onto the American conscience. From the 1810s through the 1830s, as hundreds of preachers advanced their sundry visions ... More


Collision

Bridget Ford

in Bonds of Union: "Religion, Race, and Politics in a Civil War Borderland"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626222
eISBN:
9781469628028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626222.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes rising tensions between Protestants and Catholics and the outbreak of religious violence in Ohio and Kentucky in the 1850s. It reveals intense efforts to proselytize across the ... More


The Rise and Influence of Anti-Catholicism, 1834–1844

John C. Pinheiro

in Missionaries of Republicanism: A Religious History of the Mexican-American War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199948673
eISBN:
9780199380794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948673.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

While evangelicals Protestants were refining a civil-religious discourse for America that depended for its intelligibility on anti-Catholicism, nativist political leaders were adopting Christian ... More


Burning Babylon: The Attack Against Mount Benedict and the Birth of the Convent Narrative

Cassandra L. Yacovazzi

in Escaped Nuns: True Womanhood and the Campaign Against Convents in Antebellum America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190881009
eISBN:
9780190881030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190881009.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, Religion and Society

The burning of Mount Benedict in Charlestown, Massachusetts, was one of the worst acts of nativist violence in American history. On August 11, 1834, a group of men attacked the convent as nuns and ... More


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