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Introduction

Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jäntti

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter serves as an overview to the edited volume: Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries. It begins by reviewing recent literature on income ... More


Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jantti

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This book presents original empirical research on economic inequality in affluent countries, using comparable data from two widely-recognized, high quality, data sources: the Luxembourg Income Study ... More


Women's Employment and Household Income Inequality

Susan Harkness

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter assesses how rising female employment has influenced the overall growth in earnings inequality among couples in 17 high-income countries. It considers how female employment varies across ... More


On the Identification of the Middle Class

Anthony B. Atkinson and Andrea Brandolini

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the identification of the “middle class” using data from the LIS and the LWS Databases. It first considers definitions based purely on income, where class limits are set either ... More


Income Inequality in Boom and Bust: A Tale from Iceland's Bubble Economy

Stefán Ólafsson and Arnaldur Sölvi Kristjánsson

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter provides estimates of income inequality, income mobility, and wealth inequality for Japan. Income and consumption inequalities that are measured by the Gini coefficient, and estimated ... More


Political Sources of Government Redistribution in High-Income Countries

Vincent A. Mahler, David K. Jesuit, and Piotr R. Paradowski

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explores the relationship between political participation and income redistribution in high-income countries, with particular focus on middle-income groups. The first part describes ... More


Child poverty across the industrialised world: evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study

Bruce Bradbury and Markus Jäntti

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition): What do we know?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342539
eISBN:
9781447301738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter provides the most recent evidence on the variations in child poverty across the industrialised world. It also assesses the contributions of family structure, market incomes, and state ... More


Income Distribution, Inequality Perceptions, and Redistributive Preferences in European Countries

István György Tóth and Tamás Keller

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter analyses how redistributive preference relates to actual income and to its distribution. For measuring redistributive preference a composite index is developed using public opinion ... More


Post-Apartheid Changes in South African Inequality

Murray Leibbrandt, Arden Finn, and Ingrid Woolard

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter investigates changes in inequality in South Africa between 1993 and 2008. It finds that aggregate inequality as well as intra-race group inequality increased over this period. This has ... More


How Has Income Inequality Grown?: The Reshaping of the Income Distribution in LIS Countries

Arthur S. Alderson and Kevin Doran

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The chapter looks “behind” standard summary measures of inequality to identify where distributional changes occurred in eight societies over the longest period available in the Luxembourg Income ... More


Poverty across states, nations, and continents

Lee Rainwater, Timothy M. Smeeding, and John Coder

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition): What do we know?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342539
eISBN:
9781447301738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter looks at the issues that concern the regional variations in poverty, particularly child poverty. It is primarily concerned with the possible variations in child poverty rates among the ... More


Horizontal and Vertical Inequalities in India

Reeve Vanneman and Amaresh Dubey

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines income inequality in India. LIS income data for India confirm that the income inequality in India (with a Gini of 0.48) is in the same range as for other low- and middle-income ... More


Women's Work, Family Earnings, and Public Policy

Margarita Estévez-Abe and Tanja Hethey-Maier

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter demonstrates that both social policies and labor market institutions affect women's economic position within the family, based on the analysis of sixteen high-income countries. More ... More


Conclusion

Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jäntti

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter synthesizes main findings from the edited volume Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries — and offers guidance for future research. The chapter ... More


Has Rising Inequality Reduced Middle-Class Income Growth?

Lane Kenwortby

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

A rise in the income share of the top 1 percent is likely to come at least partly at the expense of those in the middle, resulting in slower growth of absolute incomes for middle-class households. ... More


Welfare Regimes, Cohorts, and the Middle Classes

Louis Chauvel

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In comparative perspective, the “middle class” is still an under-specified term. This chapter analyses four countries, contrasted by their welfare regime type, and by the development and ... More


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