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Galvani’s Animal Electricity

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Luigi Galvani merits the lion's share of the credit for expanding the doctrine of animal electricity beyond the singular powers of a few fish, and for doing this in a way that would reshape the life ... More


Luigi Galvani: Electricity and the Nerves

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Physiologists in the opening decades of the 18th century were skeptical of existing theories about how the nerves work. Some scientists began to wonder whether the nervous system may work by ... More


From Fishes to Frogs and Nerve Electricity

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter takes a look at efforts made in the study of the possibility that humans could create and store electricity, just like certain animals. It first introduces Luigi Galvani, who studied the ... More


The Spark

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Using early microscopes, Leewenhoek and Fontana describe nerve fibres. Galvani discovers that electricity causes frog muscles to twitch, though the existence of “animal” electricity is doubted by ... More


. Life and Death

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of Enlightenment

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238022
eISBN:
9780520939851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238022.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter shows that electrobiologists adopted electrical technology for research on plants and animals. It specifically addresses the electrobiologists' activities and inventions. In adapting ... More


Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Alan McComas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The nerve impulse is the basis of all human thoughts and emotions, and of all sensations and movements. As such, it has been the subject of scientific enquiry for more than two centuries, beginning ... More


Psychophysiology

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Psychophysiology is a relatively new discipline. In the mid-1950s, a group of physiological psychologists began referring to themselves as psychophysiologists. However, the subject matter of ... More


Technological Transitions

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter describes the technological transitions from the invention of a multitude of electrical devices to “the first age of electricity.” It begins with a description of the different types of ... More


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