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Introduction

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine the over 200 chambers of commerce within the Lower Yangzi region—the socioeconomic heartland of modern China—with a ... More


Elite and Official Interactive Movements toward Chambers of Commerce

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter details the events leading to the emergence of chambers of commerce in the Lower Yangzi region. Increasing foreign economic aggression in the late nineteenth century prompted reformist ... More


Joint Actions in the Constitutional and Revolutionary Movements

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyzes the political activism of the Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce. In alliance with other constitutional organizations, these chambers repeatedly pressed the Qing government for ... More


Guilds and Elites in the Face of Domestic and Foreign Challenges

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce represented the collective responses of social elites, especially guild leaders and other elite merchants, to domestic and foreign challenges. This chapter ... More


Changes in Organizational Composition and Interrelations

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses how the chamber networks enabled elite merchants to expand their social relations beyond the limits of their kinship and regional groups as well as their local society. These ... More


Political Maneuvers in Commercial and Industrial Affairs

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses how the Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce revolutionized relationships in the business world. They not only institutionalized, diversified, and expanded the social relations ... More


The Expansion of Associational Networks and Influences

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers the expanding network and influence of Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce. The Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce pioneered the development of new professional associations even ... More


Nationwide Chamber Networks and the Republican Governments

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the nationwide network development of the Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce and their interactions with the various Republican regimes. As China shifted from the imperial into ... More


Conclusion

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter focuses on the legacy of the Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce. The network revolution led by these chambers of commerce and other new associations in late Qing and early ... More


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