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Funerals of Scientists, Writers, and Musicians

Avner Ben-Amos

in Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203285
eISBN:
9780191675836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203285.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Following the positivism of Auguste Comte, Jules Ferry and the other founding fathers of the Third Republic believed that ‘science will replace religion as the Republic replaced the monarchy, and ... More


Germ Theory, Infection, and Bacteriology

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of the concepts of germ theory, infection, and bacteriology. In the 1860s, medicine saw major developments at the biochemical, cellular, and molecular level. ... More


Potato Soup

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The Irish potato famine is the best known crop disease in history. This chapter addresses the root causes of the famine, with emphasis upon the relationship between the unprecedented population ... More


The Concept of Host and Immunity

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the historical development of the concept of host and immunity. Smallpox is a disease that, until the 20h century, had long been among the greatest of human plagues. In the ... More


Death Comes Alive

Jonathan Strauss

in Human Remains: Medicine, Death, and Desire in Nineteenth-Century Paris

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823233793
eISBN:
9780823241262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233793.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the most influential of the early nineteenth-century theories of death. Death, from the hygienic viewpoint, was a material presence: not a concept or abstract limit, but a ... More


Pandora and the History of Modernity

Henning Schmidgen

in Bruno Latour in Pieces: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263691
eISBN:
9780823266555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263691.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the 1980s, Latour started to investigate the dissemination of Pasteurian hygiene in France in the late 19th century. In this context he elaborated his theory of modernity and the philosophical ... More


An Introduction to Puerperal Fever

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the coverage of this book, which is about puerperal or childhood fever that was prevalent in England during the 18th and 19th centuries. This book provides case histories and ... More


Papa, What's A Bacterium?: On the First Life on Earth

Alexandre Meinesz

in How Life Began: Evolution's Three Geneses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226519319
eISBN:
9780226519333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226519333.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

For many, the world of bacteria was an unreal world. For the majority of non-biologists, the term at best suggests invisible, unhealthy germs. However, ever since Antoni van Leeuwenhoek observed them ... More


History and Background

Gerald Vision

in Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015844
eISBN:
9780262298599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015844.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Emergentist theses had their roots as unfounded theories on the source of life or living organisms. Before Louis Pasteur’s 1859 experiments came about, spontaneous generation was considered a ... More


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