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Icecapades: James David Forbes and Louis Agassiz

Caroline Schaumann

in Peak Pursuits: The Emergence of Mountaineering in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300231946
eISBN:
9780300252828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300231946.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on James David Forbes and Louis Agassiz, two glaciologists that fueled a passion for ice and snow that prominently figured in the public imagination. It looks into Agassiz's ... More


The Art of Observation: Race and Landscape in A Journey in Brazil

Nina Gerassi-Navarro

in Surveying the American Tropics: A Literary Geography from New York to Rio

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318900
eISBN:
9781846319983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318900.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In 1859, Charles Darwin's evolutionary theory produced a major change in the understanding and perception of the natural world. Famed Harvard scientist, Louis Agassiz, vehemently opposed Darwin's ... More


Photography and Slavery in America and Brazil

Marcus Wood

in Black Milk: Imagining Slavery in the Visual Cultures of Brazil and America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199274574
eISBN:
9780191741784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274574.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter provides a comparative aesthetic and historic discussion of the large range of photographic material recording slavery generated across Brazil and North America from the invention of the ... More


. Naturalists in New England: Thoreau, Agassiz, and Gray

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which we examine the beginnings of the decline of natural history and the rise of nature writing or environmental literature. Thoreau’s role as an iconic figure in literature is examined as are ... More


The Metaphysical Club and the Origin of Species

Trevor Pearce

in Pragmatism's Evolution: Organism and Environment in American Philosophy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226719887
eISBN:
9780226720081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720081.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes how the philosophers connected to the Metaphysical Club—a Cambridge, Massachusetts discussion group that met in the early 1870s—reacted to the publication of Charles Darwin’s ... More


Introduction

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the purpose of the book, which is to examine the working world of natural scientists, exploring how they used science within American life and, ... More


Specimen Collectors: Preservation and Classification at the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology

Reed Gochberg

in Useful Objects: Museums, Science, and Literature in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197553480
eISBN:
9780197553510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197553480.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the early history of Harvard’s Museum of Comparative Zoology and broader conversations about the representation of the natural world as fixed and stable. While the museum’s ... More


Snowball earth? (1835–40)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0036
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The explanatory problems raised by erratics and scratched bedrock remained at the heart of debates about geohistory as a whole, because they impinged crucially on the problems of reconstructing the ... More


Setting the Stage

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the early 1800s Georges Cuvier had proven animal extinction and Louis Agassiz a onetime Ice Age, putting in place key elements for telling past time. A new dimension of archaeology opened in ... More


Debates and Academics

Keith Thomson

in Private Doubt, Public Dilemma: Religion and Science since Jefferson and Darwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300203677
eISBN:
9780300213409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300203677.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter considers the debates on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Darwin's theory was first introduced to the public at the Linnean Society of London in 1858, as part of a joint ... More


The progression of life (1833–39)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0031
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how the directional and even “progressive” character of the history of life was powerfully reinforced during the 1830s. William Buckland argued in his Bridgewater Treatise that ... More


“Mi Patria de Pensamiento”: Sarmiento, the United States, and the Pitfalls of Comparison

Juliet Hooker

in Theorizing Race in the Americas: Douglass, Sarmiento, Du Bois, and Vasconcelos

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190633691
eISBN:
9780190633714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190633691.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter traces Domingo F. Sarmiento’s turn away from Europe to the United States as a political model for Latin America. It focuses on Sarmiento’s three-year stay in the United States during the ... More


The Unities of Mankind

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0051
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter fifty-one examines Hodge’s growing animosity toward slavery. While his biblical position on slavery never changed, he became convinced during the Civil War that slavery as it was practiced in ... More


Geology Emerges as a Science: On the Other Side of the Pond

Elisabeth Ervin-Blankenheim

in Song of the Earth: Understanding Geology and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197502464
eISBN:
9780197502495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502464.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

This chapter discusses the development of American geology. Starting with Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Silliman, and Louis Agassiz, who spent the latter portion of his career in the United States and ... More


Time In The Land

Thomas M. Allen

in A Republic in Time: Temporality and Social Imagination in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831793
eISBN:
9781469603827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807868171_allen.8
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the revolutions in natural time that took place in the nineteenth century. It examines how the expansion of the temporal scale in the nineteenth century by major developments ... More


Polygenists, Black Jews, and the Proofs for the Disunity of Man

Tudor Parfitt

in Hybrid Hate: Jews, Blacks, and the Question of Race

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190083335
eISBN:
9780190083366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190083335.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

Charles White set the scene for the insertion of Jews, blacks, and black Jews into the great origin debate from a polygenist perspective. The polygenist “American School” of race theorists tried to ... More


Mainstream or Tributary? The Question of ‘Hibernian’ Fishes in William Thompson’s The Natural History of Ireland (1849–56)

Mary Orr

in Nature and the Environment in Nineteenth-Century Ireland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620320
eISBN:
9781789629958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620320.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In providing the first evaluation of the contributions of William Thompson’s The Natural History of Ireland (1856) in the history of nineteenth-century ichthyology, this chapter concomitantly ... More


The Life of a Tormented Geologist (and Enthusiastic Evolutionist)

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter opens part 3, “A Different Approach to Authorship,” by arguing that Darwin’s increasing anxiety was driven by the challenge of fulfilling his obligations as a geological author. With ... More


“Of One Blood All Nations”

James P. Byrd

in A Holy Baptism of Fire and Blood: The Bible and the American Civil War

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190902797
eISBN:
9780190902827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190902797.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

As the nation wrestled with emancipation in 1863, many Americans called for a reassessment of racism in light of scripture. Americans looked to various texts, including the Curse of Ham, but ... More


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