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The fundamentals of predator–prey interactions

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter introduces the concept of the consumer-resource link, the idea that each species in a community consumes resources and is itself consumed by other species. The consumer–resource link is ... More


Adaptive Diversification Due to Predator-Prey Interactions

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses adaptive diversification due to predator–prey interactions. It has long been recognized that consumption, that is, predation, can not only exert strong selection pressure on ... More


Three Kinds of Models

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Contemporary scientific practice employs at least three major categories of models: concrete models, mathematical models, and computational models. This chapter describes an example of each type in ... More


Cases: Quantitative Analogy

Carrie Figdor

in Pieces of Mind: The Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809524
eISBN:
9780191846861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809524.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 3 introduces the use of mathematical models and modeling practices in contemporary biological and cognitive sciences. The familiar Lotka–Volterra model of predator–prey relations is used to ... More


Two‐Dimensional Differential Equations

David P. Feldman

in Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199566433
eISBN:
9780191774966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.003.0031
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter deals with two-dimensional differential equations and examines whether they are capable of a richer set of behaviours compared with their one-dimensional counterparts. It begins by ... More


The fundamentals of competitive interactions

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Interspecific competition is a major factor influencing the structure of communities. This chapter examines the principles of interspecific completion, defined as a reduction in the population growth ... More


Predation and protists

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the role of protozoa (purely heterotrophic protists) and other protists in grazing on other microbes. Heterotrophic nanoflagellates, 3–5 microns long, are the most important ... More


Comparing Classical and Contemporary Niche Theory

Jonathan M. Chase and Mathew A. Leibold

in Ecological Niches: Linking Classical and Contemporary Approaches

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226101798
eISBN:
9780226101811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101811.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter, which discusses the similarities and differences between the classical and contemporary approaches to the niche, begins with comparisons between consumer–resource and Lotka–Volterra ... More


Introduction

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the major themes of the book. It focuses on the use of models to study John Reber’s plan to dam up the San Francisco Bay and the anomalous fishery statistics discovered by ... More


Predation and protists

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Protists are involved in many ecological roles in natural environments, including primary production, herbivory and carnivory, and parasitism. Microbial ecologists have been interested in these ... More


The Ratio Dependence Controversy

Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg

in How Species Interact: Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913831
eISBN:
9780190267902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913831.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the controversy surrounding the topic of ratio-dependence model of predator-prey interactions. It considers the practice of many ecologists in using the Lotka-Volterra model and ... More


Indirect Evidence: Food Chain Equilibria

Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg

in How Species Interact: Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913831
eISBN:
9780190267902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913831.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the theoretical equilibrium consequences of ratio-dependent and prey-dependent views and compares them with evidence from nature. It provides evidence, mostly from lakes and ... More


Analysis of Chemical Oscillations

Irving R. Epstein and John A. Pojman

in An Introduction to Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics: Oscillations, Waves, Patterns, and Chaos

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195096705
eISBN:
9780197560815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195096705.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Many of the most remarkable achievements of chemical science involve either synthesis (the design and construction of molecules) or analysis (the identification and structural characterization of ... More


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