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David Hawkins, Chronicler of Los Alamos

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

During the time of the interview, David Hawkins was a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Colorado. This chapter presents how he came to know Robert Oppenheimer and ... More


Plutonium in the Rio Grande System

William L. Graf

in Plutonium and the Rio Grande: Environmental Change and Contamination in the Nuclear Age

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089332
eISBN:
9780197560570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089332.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Limnology (Freshwater)

The water, sediment, landform, and vegetation systems of the Northern Rio Grande provide the environmental framework within which plutonium moves and is stored. Plutonium enters the Northern Rio ... More


* Mutant Ecologies: Radioactive Life in Post–Cold War New Mexico

Joseph Masco

in The Social Lives of Forests: Past, Present, and Future of Woodland Resurgence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226322667
eISBN:
9780226024134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024134.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The Manhattan Project not only unlocked the power of the atom, it also inaugurated a subtle but total transformation of the biosphere, ushering nature into a new kind of nuclear regime in 1945. The ... More


Rewriting Los Alamos

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter outlines the process which began with the unexpected publication of the transcript of the Personnel Security Board hearing. Now, the search was on for villains, and theories about the ... More


ENIAC Goes to Monte Carlo

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Traces the series of Monte Carlo simulations run on ENIAC from their genesis in January 1947 exchanges between John von Neumann, Robert Richtmyer, and Stanislaw Ulam through the completion of ... More


ENIAC Tries Its Luck

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

As soon as Metropolis had completed the initial configuration of ENIAC for the new programming method, and before it was working properly, Klara von Neumann arrived to help. She had taken the leading ... More


Prologue Broken Vessel

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces the author's memories of the atomic bomb when she was still a little girl. Her parents, both Chicagoans, fell in love and married while working on the creation of the atomic ... More


Joseph Rotblat, Pugwash Pioneer

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

In October 1995, Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs had received the Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel committee recognized Pugwash's work in bringing together ... More


Herbert F. York, Inside History

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Herbert York was the first director of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the first chancellor of the University of California at San Diego. During World War II, the University of ... More


Fluvial Sediment, Forms, and Processes

William L. Graf

in Plutonium and the Rio Grande: Environmental Change and Contamination in the Nuclear Age

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089332
eISBN:
9780197560570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089332.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Limnology (Freshwater)

Although there are numerous aspects of sediment that might be considered in conjunction with questions related to plutonium transport and storage in rivers, particle size is the critical ... More


The Bitter Aftertaste of Technical Sweetness

Heather E. Douglas

in Frankenstein: Annotated for Scientists, Engineers, and Creators of All Kinds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533287
eISBN:
9780262340267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533287.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

When completing his creation, Victor Frankenstein is in the thrall of technical sweetness, which is the allure of the pieces of an intellectual puzzle fitting neatly together. Scientists working at ... More


Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Ken Young and Warner R. Chilling

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book unveils the story of the events leading up to President Harry S. Truman's 1950 decision to develop a “super,” or hydrogen, bomb. That fateful decision and its immediate consequences are ... More


Introduction

Lindsey A. Freeman

in Longing for the Bomb: Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622378
eISBN:
9781469623177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622378.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This introductory chapter examines three clandestine nuclear sites in the U.S.—Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Los Alamos, New Mexico; and Hanford, Washington. Oak Ridge pioneered the first large-scale ... More


Advising on the Super

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter looks into the business of campaigning for or against nuclear development. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and its committees were at the epicenter of this debate. Here, the array of ... More


Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book explores the conception, design, construction, use, and afterlife of ENIAC, the first general purpose digital electronic computer. ENIAC was created and tested at the University of ... More


Bringing ENIAC to Life

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the construction and initial use of ENIAC during 1944 and 1945. It highlights the challenges of procuring components in the wartime environment, from wire and steel to ... More


The Pasteur Connection

Suzanne Bourgeois

in Genesis of the Salk Institute: The Epic of Its Founders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276079
eISBN:
9780520956599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276079.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1946, after the South Pacific campaign and time in Hiroshima, Melvin Cohn became a graduate student of Pappenheimer at New York University; later he became a postdoctoral fellow of Jacques Monod’s ... More


Industry and Government Labs

Jeannette Brown

in African American Women Chemists

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199742882
eISBN:
9780197563038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199742882.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Dr. Hopkins is one of the few American women to have held a doctorate in science and a license to practice before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Her career included academia, industry, and ... More


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