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Scientific Institutions

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter seeks to analyse the involvement of Jews and Quakers in a range of scientific institutions. One is the Royal Society of London, the membership of which was open to non-Anglicans since no ... More


Crisis of Faith in the Wake of Unfulfilled Expectations

Arie Morgenstern

in Hastening Redemption: Messianism and the Resettlement of the Land of Israel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305784
eISBN:
9780199784820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305787.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Beginning in the 1820s, a symbiotic relationship prevailed between the Perushim and the Protestant missionaries active in the Land of Israel such as Joseph Wolf and the London Society for the ... More


Wordsworth and Coleridge: The Radical Years

Nicholas Roe

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119692
eISBN:
9780191671197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119692.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This study is a reappraisal of William Wordsworth's and Samuel Taylor Coleridge's radical careers before their emergence as major poets. The book presents a detailed examination of both writers' ... More


Fifty‐Eight Years of Friendship: Kelvin and Stokes

Alastair Wood

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the friendship between Sir G. G. Stokes and Kelvin. Kelvin was Stokes's principal correspondent over a period of fifty-six years. The correspondence between the two provide ... More


‘Accidents of the air’: Sydenham and Boerhaave in the tropics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 shows how British practitioners, many from Dissenting backgrounds or trained at the University of Edinburgh, sought to apply the insights of Sydenham and Boerhaave to their work on disease ... More


Periodical Physics in Britain: Institutional and Industrial Contexts, 1870–1900

Graeme Gooday

in Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Constructing Scientific Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226676517
eISBN:
9780226683461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226683461.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

New periodicals and professional audiences for physics developed symbiotically with industrial developments of the 1870s and 1880s, notably electrical telecommunications and electrical light and ... More


The Membership

G. L’E Turner

in Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter contains biographical sketches of the members, together with a record of attendance and non-attendance at the meetings, and brief commentary. The men who met at the Chapter Coffee House, ... More


How British Protestants Helped Save French Catholicism

J. P. DAUGHTON

in An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195305302
eISBN:
9780199866991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305302.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins by discussing the complaints made by the London Missionary Society regarding the anti-English and specifically anti-LMS atmosphere that became part of their everyday lives. It ... More


“An Independent Publication for Geologists”: The Geological Society, Commercial Journals, and the Remaking of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Gowan Dawson

in Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Constructing Scientific Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226676517
eISBN:
9780226683461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226683461.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Geological Society of London’s elitism ensured that it remained at odds with commercial journals that sought to foster different, more marketable approaches to the earth sciences. The financial ... More


Florence Marryat on Page and on Stage

Beth Palmer

in Women's Authorship and Editorship in Victorian Culture: Sensational Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599110
eISBN:
9780191725371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599110.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The chapter begins by examining in detail Florence Marryat's early career to demonstrate the significance of this under-researched figure in Victorian culture. Starting in 1865 with her bestseller, ... More


Cultures of Science in Early Victorian England

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter identifies the diverse cultural contexts that shaped the future members of the X Club: gentlemanly London science (Busk, Hooker and Lubbock), Balliol College, Oxford (Spottiswoode), ... More


Images of Empire, Contests of Conscience: Models of Colonial Domination in South Africa

John L. Comaroff

in Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205406
eISBN:
9780520918085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205406.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the models of colonial domination in South Africa. It examines the making of the nonconformist missionaries to the Griqua and Tswana as agents of empire, and discusses the works ... More


Agricultural improvement and the rise of crop breeding

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The Renaissance provided some stimulus to European agriculture but a far more profound phenomenon after 1550 CE was a ‘neonaissance’ involving the creation and publishing de novo of reliable ... More


When French Protestants Replaced British Missionaries in the Pacific and Indian Oceans; Or, How to Avoid the Colonial Trap

Jean-François Zorn

in In God’s Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195396447
eISBN:
9780199979318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion, World Modern History

This chapter explores three cases—Tahiti, the Loyalty Islands, and Madagascar—in order to illustrate how Protestants from the Société des Missions Évangéliques de Paris (or Paris Mission) negotiated ... More


Racists, Friends and Lovers

Panikos Panayi

in Migrant City: A New History of London

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780300210972
eISBN:
9780300252149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300210972.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter outlines the reality of interaction between different ethnic groups and individuals, from sex and love to violence. On the one hand racism always remains in the background, impacting on ... More


Edward Bancroft’s Guiana Eels and London Connections

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter centers on what Edward Bancroft, a New Englander who became close to Franklin and who was elected a member of the Royal Society with his help, wrote about the South American eels. During ... More


Introduction

T. H. Levere

in Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses the origins of the Coffee House Philosophical Society, a group of chemists, medical practitioners, political radicals, philosophical clergymen, industrialists, and instrument ... More


Making Careers

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter examines the routes to careers in science in mid-Victorian England–the ways in which reputations were made, the roles of patrons, and the practice of pluralism (that is, the accumulation ... More


Genealogies: The Evangelical Revival, Methodism, and Pioneer Mission Work in the Cape Colony, 1790s–1820s

Fiona Vernal

in The Farmerfield Mission: A Christian Community in South Africa, 1838-2008

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199843404
eISBN:
9780199950546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843404.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter one places the Evangelical Revival in its European context especially the birth and significance of Methodism and the formation of missionary societies to spread the Gospel to Africa. ... More


Organizing Science

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Through examination of the activities of the X-men within scientific societies this chapter reveals much about the mundane operation of scientific societies, their characteristic organisational ... More


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