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The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter explores the relation between the Rajya Sabha vis-à-vis the Lok Sabha in India as well as the direction and extent to which this relation can be rethought today. It traces the ... More


Changing Social Composition of the Lok Sabha

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the transformation of the social composition of the Indian Parliament over the years with focus on the 1950s, 1970s, and 1990s. The Congress, the party of governance in the ... More


In-House Reproduction of the Lok Sabha

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter looks at the in-house reproduction of the Lok Sabha in India and discusses the institutions of the speaker, opposition, and parliamentary committees. It argues that the opposition has ... More


From National Identity to Plural Identities

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the shift from national identity to plural identities that came to be reflected in the Parliament of India. In the 1980s and 1990s, many members of the Parliament increasingly ... More


Introduction: India’s Parliamentary Democracy and its Critics

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

In the 1970s, a debate emerged in India regarding the relative supremacy of the Parliament vis-à-vis the judiciary. Given the hold of the executive over the Parliament, this debate was effectively ... More


The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

B. L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The Parliament is the visible face of democracy in India. It is the epicentre of political life, public institutions of great verve, and a regime of Rights. In a first-of-its-kind study, this book ... More


Conclusion: The Parliament and Democracy in India

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The Indian judiciary may view itself as the custodian of the constitution and act as the balance between the contending levels and powers of a complex array of public institutions. Eventually the ... More


Between Fortuna and Virtu: Explaining Congress’ Ambiguous Victory in 2009

Yogendra Yadav and Suhas Palshikar

in Party Competition in Indian States: Electoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198099178
eISBN:
9780199082988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter offers an analysis of the outcome of the Lok Sabha elections of 2009. Using aggregate data it explains the nature of the victory of the Congress party showing how the structure of ... More


2004 Lok Sabha Poll and the United Progressive Alliance (UPA)

Bidyut Chakrabarty

in FORGING POWER: Coalition Politics in India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676761
eISBN:
9780199081554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676761.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the formation of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and the Fourteenth Lok Sabha session following the 2004 national elections in India. It explains that while the erstwhile ... More


Madhya Pradesh: Unexpected Gains for Congress

Yatindra Singh Sisodia

in Party Competition in Indian States: Electoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198099178
eISBN:
9780199082988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter analyses the electoral politics of Madhya Pradesh in the context of the outcomes of the 2009 Lok Sabha elections and 2008 assembly elections .Politics in the state of Madhya Pradesh has ... More


The Options When a Government Loses its Majority 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter addresses constitutional questions that arose in the aftermath of the Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) withdrawal of support to the National Front on 23 October 1990. There were four ... More


The Parliamentary Debates on Bangladeshi Migrants (1971–2009)

Rizwana Shamshad

in Bangladeshi Migrants in India: Foreigners, Refugees, or Infiltrators?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199476411
eISBN:
9780199090952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199476411.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The chapter on parliamentary debates analyses the continuing debates about Bangladeshis that took place in the national parliament of India and how their presence was viewed and debated by different ... More


Dissolution of the Lok Sabha 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the dilemma of Indian President Shankar Dayal Sharma on whether or not to dissolve the Lok Sabha. It explains that Atal Behari Vajpayee resigned as prime minister after he ... More


Dissolution on Prime Minister's or Cabinet's Advice? 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter considers whether the proposal to dissolve the Lok Sabha is the prime minister's sole prerogative, or whether it should be based on a decision by his council of ministers. It describes ... More


Dissolution of the Lok Sabha and Adoption of the Budget 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the press communiqué issued by the Rashtrapati Bhawan on 13 March 1991, which announced the president's order, under Article 85(2)(b) of the Constitution, to dissolve the Lok ... More


Permanent Incumbency Shattered: Development Dilemma and Electoral Choice in West Bengal

Jyotiprasad Chatterjee and Suprio Basu

in Party Competition in Indian States: Electoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198099178
eISBN:
9780199082988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The political scene of West Bengal has witnessed a distinct wave of Paribartan (change) since the closing period of the last decade. Beginning with the 15th Lok Sabha Election 2009 followed by the ... More


A Government Dies

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

A problematical government from the beginning, the approaching end to Janata's career became painfully apparent in June 1979 as it bled from massive defections. The government fell in July, and the ... More


The Sub Judice Rule: Throttling Parliament 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0041
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter comments on the application of the sub judice rule in both the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha. In December 1995, Rajya Sabha Speaker I. K. Gujra and Lok Sabha Speaker Shivraj Pati both ... More


An Irregular Dissolution 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter comments on President K. R. Narayanan's decision to dissolve the Lok Sabha on December 4, 1997. It suggests that Narayanan's action showed high sense of presidential accountability to ... More


Selecting a Prime Minister: 1969–1999

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter addresses four questions. First, what is the proper test for inviting the leader of a party to form a government in a hung parliament? Second what is the nature of proof of fulfilling ... More


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