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The Instrumentalist Approach

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the rise of ‘scientific philosophy’, which would expose the logical and conceptual bases of natural sciences. The author traces it back to the 19th-century philosopher Auguste ... More


The Ghosts of Metaphysics: Logical Positivism and Disenchantment

Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm

in The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226403229
eISBN:
9780226403533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226403533.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 9 explores the connections between the Vienna Circle of positivism and the esoteric milieu. It shows how the founders of logical positivism, such as Otto Neurath, presented their philosophy ... More


“Indigestible Residues”: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Aesthetic Negativism, and the Incompleteness of Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

In the literary response to logical positivism, Ludwig Wittgenstein figures both as inspiration and opposition, as the philosopher of what is the case and as the poet of what is not. Wittgenstein’s ... More


The Trouble with Logical Positivism: Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno, and the Origins of Critical Theory

Matthew Handelman

in The Mathematical Imagination: On the Origins and Promise of Critical Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780823283835
eISBN:
9780823286270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823283835.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

How did critical theory, at least as it was first envisioned by Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno, come to be so opposed to mathematics? Chapter 1 examines the transformation of Horkheimer, ... More


The Land Ethic and the Science of Ethics:From the Seventeenth through the Twentieth Centuries

J. Baird Callicott

in Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199324880
eISBN:
9780199347285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324880.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The emergence of natural science from natural philosophy, suggested the possibility of the emergence of a science of ethics from moral philosophy by seventeenth-, eighteenth-, and nineteenth-century ... More


Ordinary Language and the Unordinary Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Steven Gimbel and Jeffrey Maynes

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In 1959, Peter Achinstein left Harvard and his Logical Positivist-influenced teachers and spent a year working at Oxford during the heyday of ordinary language philosophy. In his writings on evidence ... More


G. R. Malkani, “Philosophical Truth” (1949)

Nalini Bhushan and Jay L. Garfield

in Indian Philosophy in English: From Renaissance to Independence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199769261
eISBN:
9780190267605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents G. R. Malkani's 1949 essay, “Philosophical Truth,” in which he tackles the nature of philosophical questions and the role of philosophy vis á vis science, religion, and human ... More


One Way to Read Hume

Edward Craig

in The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236825
eISBN:
9780191597244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236824.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Craig shows how the Image of God doctrine works as an interpretative tool. Applied to the philosophy of Hume, it helps to illuminate textual detail that would otherwise not be fully ... More


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