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Without Me, Without You: Cooperation and Scarcity

Gijs van Donselaar

in The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Morals by Agreement David Gauthier seeks to demonstrate that compliance with what he calls “the Lockean proviso,”—which prohibits taking advantage of other people—is individually rational. This ... More


The Lockean Proviso and Ecological Refugee States

Cara Nine

in Global Justice and Territory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580217
eISBN:
9780191741456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580217.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

After eschewing existing cosmopolitan arguments regarding territory and resource rights in previous chapters, This chapter details an account of territorial rights that is sensitive to the needs of ... More


Libertarian Theories of Intergenerational Justice

Hillel Steiner and Peter Vallentyne

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses and assesses various libertarian positions on intergenerational justice. The implications of the following issues are examined: various provisos on appropriation (and thus ... More


The limits of Hobbesian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Hobbesian contractualism or contractarianism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the influential version advanced by David Gauthier: morals by agreement. ... More


The Benefit of Another's Pains: Original Acquisition and Parasitic Action

Gijs van Donselaar

in The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

David Gauthier's “Lockean proviso” implied the prohibition of parasitic actions—actions that improve one's position through the worsening of the position of someone else. This chapter tests the ... More


Self‐Ownership and Equality

Michael Otsuka

in Libertarianism without Inequality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Delineates the nature of a libertarian right of self‐ownership. Assesses Robert Nozick's claim that taxation is on a par with forced labour. Contends that the most defensible version of the Lockean ... More


Implications

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Earlier chapters of this book found that the Hobbesian hypothesis is false; the Lockean proviso is unfulfilled; contemporary states and property rights systems fail to meet the standard that social ... More


Political Society as a Voluntary Association

Michael Otsuka

in Libertarianism without Inequality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Offers a reconstruction of John Locke's voluntaristic theory of legitimate political authority with the aim of overcoming the following two problems with tacit consent via residence: that it fails to ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Government

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” in social contract theory by discussing how Thomas Hobbes introduced it. It defines the version of “the Lockean proviso” relevant to ... More


John Locke and the Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Similar Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Private Property Rights

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that “the Lockean proviso” is fulfilled) in the natural rights justification of private property by discussing John Locke’s ... More


Locke’s Property Problem

Daniel Layman

in Locke Among the Radicals: Liberty and Property in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190939076
eISBN:
9780190939106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939076.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to Locke, all people are free and equal. Consequently, the natural world belongs to all people in common. But each person, along with his labor, belongs only to himself. Thus, although all ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Contemporary Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that the Lockean proviso is fulfilled: everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could ... More


Left-Libertarianism

Barbara H. Fried

in Facing Up to Scarcity: The Logic and Limits of Nonconsequentialist Thought

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198847878
eISBN:
9780191882487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847878.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Left-libertarianism marries a very thin reading of Lockean self-ownership with an extraordinarily expansive reading of Locke’s famous proviso that those who appropriate common resources must leave ... More


Introduction

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter defines “the Hobbesian hypothesis” as the claim that the Lockean proviso is fulfilled: everyone benefits from the state and/or the property rights system. The chapter previews the book’s ... More


Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book shows how—despite significant equivocation—the most influential justifications of government and of private property rely on the seldom-questioned empirical premise that this book calls, ... More


Libertarians I

Christopher Pierson

in Just Property: Volume Three: Property in an Age of Ideologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198787105
eISBN:
9780191831683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787105.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of what we mean by libertarianism. I explore the ways in which the forerunners of contemporary libertarianism came to justify a regime of minimally ... More


Are You Better Off Now Than You Were 12,000 Years Ago? An Empirical Assessment of the Hobbesian Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in ... More


Locke Among the Radicals: Liberty and Property in the Nineteenth Century

Daniel Layman

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190939076
eISBN:
9780190939106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939076.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

During the nineteenth century, the Lockean radicals—Thomas Hodgskin, Lysander Spooner, John Bray, and Henry George—picked up the loose ends of Locke’s property theory and wove them into two competing ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Eighteenth-Century Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in any society ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Nineteenth-Century Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in any society ... More


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