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Crop management in the classical and medieval periods

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The classical and medieval periods of 1800 BCE to 1500 CE were characterized by some limited technical innovation in agriculture, but little progress was made in crop improvement as global ... More


Introduction

Sophie Chiari

in Shakespeare's Representation of Weather, Climate and Environment: The Early Modern 'Fated Sky'

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474442527
eISBN:
9781474459709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442527.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Torn as they were between trying to control their own destinies and letting God shape their actions, the Elizabethan and Jacobean subjects still looked for answers in the skies while they were also ... More


In the Line of Fire

Michael E. Mann

in The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152556
eISBN:
9780231526388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152556.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter explains how the hockey stick emerged as a fundamental icon in the assault against the scientific case for human-caused climate change after it was displayed in the IPCC Third Assessment ... More


Forcing Climate

Philip Jenkins

in Climate, Catastrophe, and Faith: How Changes in Climate Drive Religious Upheaval

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197506219
eISBN:
9780197506387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197506219.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the various factors that drive climate, the “forcings.” These include volcanic eruptions, solar energy (as measured by sunspots), and oceanic changes, especially the El ... More


1652: The Cardinal, the Prince, and the Crisis of the 'Fronde'

David Parrott

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198797463
eISBN:
9780191838828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797463.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Military History

This book offers a re-evaluation of the last year of the Fronde—the political upheaval between 1648 and 1652—in the making of seventeenth-century France. In late December 1651 cardinal Mazarin defied ... More


Three Low-Frequency Climate in the Mesa Verde Region: beef pasture revisited

Aaron M. Wright

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Low-frequency climate records, available from pollen depositional sequences, provide an important adjunct to the high-frequency paleoclimate records provided by tree-ring research. Resampling of Beef ... More


Life on a Climate-Changing Planet

Daniel B. Botkin

in The Moon in the Nautilus Shell: Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913916
eISBN:
9780190267919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913916.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the impact of environmental change, especially climate change, on life on Earth. It first considers the three ways in which organisms adjust to environmental change, from ... More


Land, People, and Global Context

Nancy Shields Kollmann

in The Russian Empire 1450-1801

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199280513
eISBN:
9780191822803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280513.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the climate and geography of the lands that became the Russian empire, focusing on successive vegetation zones from the tundra and taiga of the north towards the more fertile ... More


Introduction: Improving the Climate

Anya Zilberstein

in A Temperate Empire: Making Climate Change in Early America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190206598
eISBN:
9780190206628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190206598.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter summarizes the main themes and arguments of the book. In particular, this introduction contextualizes the variety of ways in which early Americans discussed climate and climate change, ... More


The Valkyries' Loom: The Archaeology of Cloth Production and Female Power in the North Atlantic

Michèle Hayeur Smith

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780813066622
eISBN:
9780813058771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066622.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In The Valkyries’ Loom, Michèle Hayeur Smith examines Viking textiles as evidence of the little-known work of women in the Norse colonies that expanded from Scandinavia across the North Atlantic in ... More


Cloth, Currency, Climate Change, and Subsistence in Greenland

Michèle Hayeur Smith

in The Valkyries' Loom: The Archaeology of Cloth Production and Female Power in the North Atlantic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780813066622
eISBN:
9780813058771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066622.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the innovative creation of weft-dominant cloth in late medieval Greenland, as an example of the ways in which women developed adaptive strategies through changes in cloth ... More


South America II: The Southern Cone

Peter Mitchell

in Horse Nations: The Worldwide Impact of the Horse on Indigenous Societies Post-1492

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198703839
eISBN:
9780191916762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198703839.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Taking in the Andean cordillera, the Pampas grasslands of Argentina and Uruguay, the desert steppes of southern Patagonia, and the temperate lowlands of south-central Chile (Araucanía), this ... More


What Is a Glacier?

Jorge Daniel Taillant

in Glaciers: The Politics of Ice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199367252
eISBN:
9780197562925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199367252.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

It’s mind-boggling (and a bit scary) to consider that while most of our planet’s surface is covered with water, only about 2–3% of this water is actually freshwater—that is, water that we can ... More


God’s Anger and the Demons Within

Philip Jenkins

in Climate, Catastrophe, and Faith: How Changes in Climate Drive Religious Upheaval

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197506219
eISBN:
9780197506387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197506219.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The first major period of climate shock to be studied was the early fourteenth century, especially the years between 1310 and 1325. This involved a broad and lasting era of climatic change, a time of ... More


Watershed Hydrological and Chemical Responses to Precipitation Variability in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico

Douglas Schaefer

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Variations in temperature and precipitation are both components of climate variability. Based on coral growth rates measured near Puerto Rico, the Caribbean was 2–3ºC cooler during the “Little Ice ... More


Millennial and Century Climate Changes in the Colorado Alpine

Scott Elias

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0033
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Ecosystems are the products of regional biotic history, shaped by environmental changes that have occurred over thousands of years. Accordingly, ecological changes take place at many timescales, ... More


Future Environments of South America

Thomas T. Veblen and Kenneth R. Young

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0030
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

An important goal of this book has been to provide a comprehensive understanding of the physical geography and landscape origins of South America as important background to assessing the ... More


Fourteenth to Sixteenth Centuries AD: The Case of Angkor and Monsoon Extremes in Mainland Southeast Asia

Roland Fletcher, Brendan M. Buckley, Christophe Pottier, and Shi-Yu Simon Wang

in Megadrought and Collapse: From Early Agriculture to Angkor

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199329199
eISBN:
9780190607920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199329199.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

Angkor, the capital of the Khmer Empire in Southeast Asia, was the most extensive low-density agrarian-based urban complex in the world. The demise of this great city between the late 13th and the ... More


The Anthropocene Begins

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

What is the future for the planet, and for climate? Gazing into crystal balls is a pastime that humans have a fascination for. It is also one in which they have a dismal record. A generation or two ... More


Annie Scott Dill Russell Maunder (1868–1947)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the work and life of the marriage formed by Annie Maunder and her husband, both astronomers.


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