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Language as Medium, Language as Message

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 5, ‘Language as Medium, Language as Message’, is dedicated to the role of language in the scholars' life‐work. It discusses their contribution to the renewal of the national language. It ... More


The Golden Age

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 8, ‘The Golden Age’, compares the periods which the historians saw as the most successful eras in national history. For Lelewel, this period was to be found in the days of the ... More


Perceptions of Others and Attitudes to European Civilization

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 9, ‘Perceptions of Others and Attitudes to European Civilization’, addresses overlapping national histories, using the examples of the Czech–German, the Polish–Lithuanian and the ... More


The Second Wave of Wars

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter investigates how the events of the second round of wars caused further waves of Jewish refugees, this time not just within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth but across Europe and Asia. ... More


Return and Reconstruction

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores the complex process of returning home after spending time as a Jewish refugee. The chaos of wartime conditions meant that there was a constant stream of Jewish refugees, often ... More


Money, Power, and Influence in Eighteenth-Century Lithuania: The Jews on the Radziwiłł Estates

Adam Teller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798440
eISBN:
9780804799874
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798440.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This study demonstrates how Jewish economic activity on the magnate estates in the eighteenth-century Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth enriched, empowered, and reshaped Jewish—and ... More


At the Crossroads

Michael Ostling

in Between the Devil and the Host: Imagining Witchcraft in Early Modern Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199587902
eISBN:
9780191731228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587902.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

This Introduction situates the imagination of witchcraft in early modern Poland using the image of the crossroads: the witch combines elements taken from elite culture and from local folklore, from ... More


Introduction

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter provides an overview of the Polish–Lithuanian Jews who were taken captive to be ransomed or sold into slavery. Once captured, these Jewish women and men found themselves trapped in two ... More


Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Adam Teller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

A refugee crisis of huge proportions erupted as a result of the mid-seventeenth-century wars in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Tens of thousands of Jews fled their homes, or were captured and ... More


Kith, Kin, and Neighbors: Communities and Confessions in Seventeenth-Century Wilno

David Frick

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451287
eISBN:
9780801467530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451287.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the mid-seventeenth century, Wilno (Vilnius), the second capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, was home to Poles, Lithuanians, Germans, Ruthenians, Jews, and Tatars, who worshiped in ... More


The Refugees outside Ukraine

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter identifies the two main directions of flight during the Khmelnytsky uprising. One was westward, across the Vistula River, to the large settled communities of Little Poland and Great ... More


Facing the Refugee Experience

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines how the refugee experience had a huge significance in the lives of those who survived it and had to be dealt with in one way or another. In particular, it explores how the ... More


Resolution

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses how the Polish–Lithuanian Jewry found some way of dealing with the refugee issue. The best solutions seem to have been found on the local level. In individual communities, ... More


Introduction

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter provides an overview of the Polish–Lithuanian Jews' flight westward after 1648. Three major issues underlie the discussion as a whole. First is the nature of Jewish solidarity in those ... More


The End of the Crisis

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explains that it is hard to say when the influx of Jewish refugees to the Holy Roman Empire from the mid-seventeenth-century wars in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth actually came to ... More


Conclusion

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This concluding chapter assesses whether the fate of the Polish Jewish refugees in each of the three major arenas in which they found themselves was really a single, interconnected refugee crisis or ... More


Introduction

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0028
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the refugee crisis that occurred in the mid-seventeenth century, when a huge wave of Jewish refugees and forced migrants from eastern Europe spread ... More


Poland-Lithuania before Partition

Anna Filipczak-Kocur

in The Rise of the Fiscal State in Europe c.1200–1815

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204022
eISBN:
9780191676093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204022.003.0015
Subject:
History, Economic History

After 1385 Poland and Lithuania were linked in a dynastic union which was transformed into a conscious political association by the Union of Lublin of 1569. As a result of this association, the ... More


National Psychology

Jonathan Garb

in Yearnings of the Soul: Psychological Thought in Modern Kabbalah

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226295800
eISBN:
9780226295947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226295947.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The chapter outlines the rise of national and political psychology in late modern Kabbalah and its troubling impact on Israeli society. The late modern circles of Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto, Eliyahu ... More


Lithuania

Andrius Smaliukas and Gintautas Šulija

in Regulating Unfair Banking Practices in Europe: The Case of Personal Suretyships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594559
eISBN:
9780191595714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594559.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, EU Law

This chapter discusses suretyship contracts in Lithuanian banking practice. Topics covered include commercial suretyships and consumer suretyships, suretyships and indebtedness of individuals and ... More


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