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Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Amy M. King

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Starting from the botanical crazes inspired by Linnaeus in the 18th century, and exploring the variations it spawned — natural history, landscape architecture, polemical battles over botany's ... More


Becoming Yellow: A Short History of Racial Thinking

Michael Keevak

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140315
eISBN:
9781400838608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140315.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

In their earliest encounters with Asia, Europeans almost uniformly characterized the people of China and Japan as white. This was a means of describing their wealth and sophistication, their ... More


Taxonomies of Yellow: Linnaeus, Blumenbach, and the Making of a “Mongolian” Race in the Eighteenth Century

Michael Keevak

in Becoming Yellow: A Short History of Racial Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140315
eISBN:
9781400838608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140315.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on the emergence of new sorts of human taxonomies as well as new claims about the color of all human groups, including East Asians, during the course of the eighteenth century, ... More


Darwin on Aristotle

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Charles Darwin's famous 1882 letter, in which he remarks that his ‘two gods’, Linnaeus and Cuvier, were ‘mere school‐boys to old Aristotle’, has been thought to be only an extravagantly worded ... More


The Girl and the Water Lily

Amy M. King

in Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the focus on this book: the girl “in bloom,” or the female whose social and sexual maturation is expressed by the use of a word (bloom) whose genealogy ... More


Imaginative Literature and the Politics of Botany

Amy M. King

in Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter focuses on the set of meanings about botany and botanical practices that were forming in the 18th century to understand the botanical vernacular in its emergent stages. It argues that ... More


Eliot's Vernaculars: Natural Objects and Revisionary Blooms

Amy M. King

in Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter traces the way George Eliot's novels extend the courtship plot to nonmarital sexuality, or what Linnaeus called “clandestine marriage.” It explores how 19th-century natural history and ... More


Alexander Garden: A Linnaean in South Carolina and Captain Baker’s Eels

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The previous chapter showed the first of the important North American contributions to the electric fish story, specifically a series of experiments conducted by members of the American Philosophical ... More


The Gaze of Natural History

Phillip Sloan

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

To understand the full importance of the revolution in the human sciences encompassed in the comment by Comte de Buffon, this chapter focuses on the concept of a “natural history” of the human ... More


Species and the Birth of Modern Science

John S. Wilkins

in Species: A History of the Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260856
eISBN:
9780520945074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260856.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the revival of the neo-Platonic view of classification after the Renaissance period. It examines the assumption of the Great Chain of Being and the contributions of the ... More


The Order of Insight

Angelica Goodden

in Rousseau's Hand: The Crafting of a Writer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683833
eISBN:
9780191766190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683833.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, European Literature

In this chapter the writing of the Confessions is associated with Rousseau's discovery of botanizing as a collection of ‘specimens’ to be classified and examined according to objective criteria, ... More


The Eukaryote Tree of Life

Lipscomb Diana

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

By the early 1990s, it was becoming clear that the commonly used five kingdom classification schemes were oversimplified and simply inadequate for describing the major divisions of life. At this ... More


Third Theoretical Interlude Classification in the Natural Sciences

Peter Gottschalk

in Religion, Science, and Empire: Classifying Hinduism and Islam in British India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393019
eISBN:
9780199979264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393019.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The qualities of British classification systems from the nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries can best be demonstrated by considering their specific qualities, which they adapted from modern western ... More


Ornithology Comes to Southern Africa, 1700–1900

Nancy J. Jacobs

in Birders of Africa: History of a Network

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300209617
eISBN:
9780300220803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209617.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter describes biology, including ornithology, through the hierarchies of Carl Von Linne (Linnaeus), and in relation to African vernacular traditions. Linnaeus' classificatory science moved ... More


Natural History and Civil Cameralism

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

in Enlightenment's Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162547
eISBN:
9780300163742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162547.003.0003
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter aims to present a retelling of the internal colonization of northern Scotland and the major role played by natural historians in this event. In order to account for their motives and ... More


Alternate Highlands

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

in Enlightenment's Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162547
eISBN:
9780300163742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162547.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter discusses John Walker's first journey through the Hebrides in 1764, with Walker believing that every island contained hidden riches planted there by providence. The discovery of the ... More


The Spaniels of San Marcos: What Is a Dog and Who Cares?

Raymond Pierotti and Brandy R. Fogg

in The First Domestication: How Wolves and Humans Coevolved

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300226164
eISBN:
9780300231670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300226164.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the interpretations of the meanings of the concepts of “wolf,” “dog,” and “wolf-dog” from an evolutionary perspective. Much literature on dogs shows similar simplistic, often ... More


A Eugenic Foundation

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter discusses how eugenics provided a scientific explanation for racial differences. The idea that racial differences can be understood as genetic distinctions in appearance and complex ... More


Where were the Media before the Media?: Mediating the World at the Time of Condillac and Linnaeus

Knut Ove Eliassen and Yngve Sandhei Jacobsen

in This Is Enlightenment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226761473
eISBN:
9780226761466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226761466.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter cautions against the anachronism of applying the modern concept of “the media” to Enlightenment. It suggests that the cleavage between Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment media arrives ... More


“Dictatorial Powers of the Botanical Gentlemen of Europe”

in Mr. Jefferson and the Giant Moose: Natural History in Early America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226169149
eISBN:
9780226169194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169194.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The study of American natural history blossomed under the eyes of such men as Asa Gray, John James Audubon, Thomas Nuttall, and William Maclure. These men and others associated with the Philadelphia ... More


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