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Round women and long men: physical properties in Linguistic Gender

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

The physical features of a referent—their shape, and size—may play a role in the choice of the Linguistic Gender, and correlate with features of their Natural and Social Genders. Recurrent ... More


The images of gender

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

The meanings of Linguistic Genders mirror myths and beliefs. Linguistic Genders are a rich source of poetic metaphors. The choices of the Linguistic Gender may reflect the ways in which men and women ... More


Manly women and womanly men: the effects of gender reversal

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter explores the options of using the opposite Linguistic Gender in a variety of languages. Changes in Linguistic Gender assignment to humans may reflect role reversals in traditional ... More


The multifaceted Gender

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

The book starts with an outline of three faces of gender—Linguistic Gender, Natural Gender (or sex), and Social Gender which reflects the social implications of being a man or a woman (or perhaps ... More


The rise and fall of Linguistic Genders

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Genders can develop out of lexical items or noun categories with meanings of animacy or humanness. The meanings of Linguistic Genders can change over time. Linguistic Genders can be gained, or lost, ... More


What are Linguistic Genders good for?

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Linguistic Genders impose a way of speaking on men and women. The Natural Gender of a speaker of Modern Hebrew, Russian, Modern Greek, and many other languages with pervasive gender agreement is ... More


Linguistic Gender and its expression

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Many languages of the world have a gender system in their grammar. There are two genders in French, three in German, four in Dyirbal (from North Queensland), more elsewhere. We seldom find an exact ... More


When women and men speak differently

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter focuses on conventionalized registers or genderlects, also known as ‘women’s speech’ and ‘men’s speech’ (where gender indexicals systematically span phonological, morphological, and ... More


The heart of the matter: envoi

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter recapitulates the main points of the book. These include the definition of the three faces of Gender (Linguistic Gender, Social Gender, and Natural Gender), how they relate to each other ... More


Gender in grammar and society

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Linguistic Gender is perhaps more of a ‘guide to social reality’ than any other linguistic category. Linguistic Gender reflects a classification of humans, and is among the lucky categories which are ... More


How Gender Shapes the World

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

The multifaceted notion of gender pervades every aspect of life and of living. Gender differences form the basis for family life, patterns of socialization, distribution of tasks, spheres of ... More


Gender meanings in grammar and lexicon

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Linguistic Gender is one of many means of categorizing a noun, in terms of its animacy, humanness, or sex, across the world’s languages. Classifiers of various types—including numeral classifiers, ... More


The rituals of gender

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter focuses on ‘female’ and ‘male’ speech genres and cults, and their representations in linguistic practices. Social Genders in traditional societies tend to be associated with different ... More


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