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The Causes of Electoral Reform in Japan

Steven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, on the causes of electoral reform in Japan, reviews the movement from an extreme electoral (hyper‐personalistic) system in which candidates of the same party competed against one ... More


United Kingdom: Male Dominance Unbroken?

Joni Lovenduski

in Breaking Male Dominance in Old Democracies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653898
eISBN:
9780191751578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653898.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The core argument of the UK chapter is that internal party politics mobilized by party women explains decisions to increase the position of women in elected office. The critical actors were and are ... More


The Politico-Economic Context

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter provides a general overview of the evolution of Japan's political economy and signals some of the main changes from the emergence of the fiscal crisis in fiscal year 1975 to the ... More


Conservative social policy: from conviction to coalition

Bochel Hugh

in Social Policy Review 23: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428301
eISBN:
9781447303503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428301.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the development of Conservative Party social policy while in opposition and the challenges posed to the Conservatives by New Labour governments. It shows the degree to which ... More


Corporatist Cabinets and the Emergence of the “1955 System,” 1955–1972

Brian Woodall

in Growing Democracy in Japan: The Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145013
eISBN:
9780813145327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter traces the evolution of Japan’s cabinet system in the first years of the “1955 System,” during which time a seniority system for cabinet ministers became established. Because Liberal ... More


The Conservative Vision and the Politics of Work and Welfare

Mari Miura

in Welfare through Work: Conservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451058
eISBN:
9780801465925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451058.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines why and how Japan developed a social protection system based on welfare through work. It traces the historical development of Japan's welfare through work system from its ... More


Selection: From Family Business to Party Priority

Daniel M. Smith

in Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605053
eISBN:
9781503606401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605053.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines dynastic candidate selection in Japan under the single nontransferable vote (SNTV) electoral system and the changes that have occurred since the adoption of a mixed-member ... More


Prime Ministers and their Parties in the United Kingdom

Timothy Heppell

in Understanding Prime-Ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666423
eISBN:
9780191751462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666423.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, by contrast with much recent academic literature on British prime ministers that has concentrated on examining their position within the core executive, explores their relationship with ... More


Disjoined Cabinets—Act I: Coalition Governments and the Lost Decades, 1993–2006

Brian Woodall

in Growing Democracy in Japan: The Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145013
eISBN:
9780813145327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines transformations wrought during the era of coalition cabinets. With the end of LDP hegemony, the already difficult task of providing tactical direction to government policy was ... More


Disjoined Cabinets—Act II: Twisted Diets and Lost Leadership Opportunity, 2006–2013

Brian Woodall

in Growing Democracy in Japan: The Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145013
eISBN:
9780813145327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on the cabinets that occupied Japan’s executive helm from September 2006 through late 2013. During this period, the difficulties of dealing with “Twisted Diets” – in which the ... More


Confederate Cabinets and the Demise of the “1955 System,” 1972–1993

Brian Woodall

in Growing Democracy in Japan: The Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145013
eISBN:
9780813145327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter traces the evolution of the cabinet system through the “Nixon shocks” and “oil shocks” to the final days of the “1955 system.” In this era of “confederate cabinets,” an already blurry ... More


Introduction

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book investigates the fiscal crisis being experienced by Japan, focusing on the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and its central budgetary system in the last quarter of the 20th century. It examines ... More


Japan: Paragon of Energy Efficiency, Green Growth Laggard

Brian Woodall

in Can Green Sustain Growth?: From the Religion to the Reality of Sustainable Prosperity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785259
eISBN:
9780804788571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785259.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Despite compelling reasons to do so, Japanese policymakers have been reluctant to fully buy into a “green growth” strategy. One might have expected that the triple disasters of March 2011 – ... More


Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan

Daniel M. Smith

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605053
eISBN:
9781503606401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605053.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Democracy is supposed to be the antithesis of hereditary rule by family dynasties. And yet “democratic dynasties” continue to persist in democracies around the world. They have been conspicuously ... More


The Neoliberal Agenda and the Diet Veto

Mari Miura

in Welfare through Work: Conservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451058
eISBN:
9780801465925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451058.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines how neoliberalism gained political currency in Japan and how the nature of the political dynamics since 1993 transformed the welfare through work system. While labor market ... More


The LDP's Policy-Making Structures

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The constitution of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) prescribes that all proposed legislation and policies adopted by the party must first be examined and approved by the party before ... More


Budget Strategy, Guidelines, and Ceilings

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, the processes of budget-making were divided temporally by the submission of the formal budget requests by the Spending Ministries and Agencies on 31 August. Prior to that, the Ministry of ... More


The Role and Influence of the LDP in the Budgetary Processes

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The management and manipulation of budget outputs in Japan helped the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to maintain itself in power for thirty-eight years until 1993 and, less certainly, after its ... More


Politicians and Bureaucrats in the Policy-Making Processes

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The reversal in Japan's economic fortunes after the collapse of the bubble economy, combined with the end of the Liberal Democratic Party's 38-year rule in 1993 and the political turbulence that ... More


The Double Movement in Japanese Politics

Mari Miura

in Welfare through Work: Conservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451058
eISBN:
9780801465925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451058.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines the implications of the Democratic Party of Japan's (DPJ) electoral victory in 2009 for the welfare through work system, which had already become dysfunctional by then. It ... More


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