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Libanius the Sophist: Rhetoric, Reality, and Religion in the Fourth Century

Raffaella Cribiore

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452079
eISBN:
9780801469084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452079.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Libanius of Antioch was a rhetorician of rare skill and eloquence. So renowned was he in the fourth century that his school of rhetoric in Roman Syria became among the most prestigious in the Eastern ... More


Teaching

Malcolm Heath

in Menander: A Rhetor in Context

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259205
eISBN:
9780191717932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259205.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses the practice of rhetorical education in the Greek-speaking parts of the Roman Empire as well as Menander’s commentary on Demosthenes, drawing on the evidence of Quintilian and ... More


The Relevance of Rhetoric

Malcolm Heath

in Menander: A Rhetor in Context

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259205
eISBN:
9780191717932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259205.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter addresses the social functions of rhetoric in late antiquity. Although it is widely believed that oratory in this period was primarily epideictic, the dominant focus of rhetorical theory ... More


Rhetoric and the Distortion of Reality

Raffaella Cribiore

in Libanius the Sophist: Rhetoric, Reality, and Religion in the Fourth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452079
eISBN:
9780801469084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452079.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter uses considerations of genre and of the different audiences that Libanius addressed to establish that his correspondence and speeches are not equally “public” texts; in order to do this, ... More


A City of Religious Pluralism and Spiritual Ambiguity

Dayna S. Kalleres

in City of Demons

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520276475
eISBN:
9780520956841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276475.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides a tour of the ritual practices in Antioch and Daphne and the spiritual orders they create. Beginning with the marketplace as a location of competitive magic and moving ... More


Introduction

Raffaella Cribiore

in Libanius the Sophist: Rhetoric, Reality, and Religion in the Fourth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452079
eISBN:
9780801469084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452079.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter presents a brief critical historiography of the life and works of the fourth-century sophist, Libanius, who lived and taught rhetoric in the city of Antioch in ancient ... More


Sophists and Emperors: The Case of Libanius

Simon Swain

in Approaching Late Antiquity: The Transformation from Early to Late Empire

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199297375
eISBN:
9780191708978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297375.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Understanding the social and political function of Greek rhetoric in the 4th century is not as easy as it might seem. Apart from Libanius, we have the fairly extensive remains of the orator Himerius ... More


Setting the Stage: Hellenes, Christians, and Jews in Cosmopolitan Antioch

Ari Finkelstein

in Specter of the Jews: Emperor Julian and the Rhetoric of Ethnicity in Syrian Antioch

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520298729
eISBN:
9780520970779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520298729.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

chapter 2 lays out the Antiochene setting prior to Julian’s arrival there in the late summer of 362. The chapter explores the cosmopolitan nature of Antioch and the embeddedness of Jews within the ... More


Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Fergus Millar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This book explores the way in which different ethnic, religious and linguistic communities co-existed and conflicted in the Roman Near East in the three centuries between the conversion of the ... More


Laughter on the Fringes: The Reception of Old Comedy in the Imperial Greek World

Anna Peterson

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190697099
eISBN:
9780190697129
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190697099.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This book examines the impact that Athenian Old Comedy had on Greek writers of the Imperial era. It is generally acknowledged that Imperial-era Greeks responded to Athenian Old Comedy in one of two ... More


The Story

Maurizio Bettini

in Women & Weasels: Mythologies of Birth in Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226044743
eISBN:
9780226039961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039961.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter analyzes the story of Alcmene and the weasel. It considers different versions of Alcmene's tale as told by Pausanias, Ovid, Libanius, Antoninus Liberalis, Aelian, and Istros. It also ... More


A Rhetor and His Audience: The Role of Invective

Raffaella Cribiore

in Libanius the Sophist: Rhetoric, Reality, and Religion in the Fourth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452079
eISBN:
9780801469084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452079.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on certain of Libanius's orations, returning to consideration of his correspondence only at the end but considering the same issues of credibility and “reality.” It concentrates ... More


A Man and His Gods

Raffaella Cribiore

in Libanius the Sophist: Rhetoric, Reality, and Religion in the Fourth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452079
eISBN:
9780801469084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452079.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the place traditional religion held in the lives of certain men of the fourth-century elite, not only Libanius but also his friends and acquaintances. In doing so the chapter ... More


God and the Gods

Raffaella Cribiore

in Libanius the Sophist: Rhetoric, Reality, and Religion in the Fourth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452079
eISBN:
9780801469084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452079.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates in detail the relationship of Libanius with his intimate friend Olympius. To do so, it adduces the evidence of an oration which presents Olympius as a committed Christian ... More


Conclusion: Julian’s School Edict Again

Raffaella Cribiore

in Libanius the Sophist: Rhetoric, Reality, and Religion in the Fourth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452079
eISBN:
9780801469084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452079.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This concluding chapter attempts to enrich our understanding of the position of moderate pagans confronted with the Emperor Julian's extremism. It considers again the edict and the subsequent ... More


Rural Patronage: Holy and Unholy

Ariel G. López

in Shenoute of Atripe and the Uses of Poverty: Rural Patronage, Religious Conflict, and Monasticism in Late Antique Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520274839
eISBN:
9780520954922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274839.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, African History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter studies Shenoute's abundant texts criticizing rich landowners and their abusive treatment of rural workers. As usual, the main target of Shenoute's criticism is Gesios of Panopolis. I ... More


The Limits of Intolerance

Ariel G. López

in Shenoute of Atripe and the Uses of Poverty: Rural Patronage, Religious Conflict, and Monasticism in Late Antique Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520274839
eISBN:
9780520954922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274839.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, African History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter argues that Shenoute's antipagan violence was the exception and not the rule in late antique Egypt. His attacks against houses containing pagan idols—in particular the house of his great ... More


Staging Laughter and Tears: Libanius, Chrysostom and the Riot of the Statues

Jan R. Stenger

in Greek Laughter and Tears: Antiquity and After

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474403795
eISBN:
9781474435130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474403795.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The Riot of the Statues in 387 CE was a decisive moment in the history of Antioch in Syria. After the revolt, tears and public lamentations took over, as the inhabitants awaited imperial punishment. ... More


The Letter Collection of the Emperor Julian

Susanna Elm

in Late Antique Letter Collections: A Critical Introduction and Reference Guide

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520281448
eISBN:
9780520966192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281448.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The letters of the emperor Julian have received surprisingly little scholarly attention in their own right, given that this is one of the, if not the most comprehensive extant collection of letters ... More


The Letter Collection of Libanius of Antioch

Lieve Van Hoof

in Late Antique Letter Collections: A Critical Introduction and Reference Guide

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520281448
eISBN:
9780520966192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281448.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Libanius’s letter collection is the largest to survive from antiquity, and indeed it is one of the most important sources on the socio-cultural history of late antiquity. Nevertheless, it has been ... More


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