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Trotsky on Democracy and Bureaucracy

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Leon Trotsky was a fierce enemy of Leninism prior to the Russian Revolution, but also its most ardent exponent in the revolution and in the civil war. His political outlook changed dramatically ... More


Trotsky in Mexico: Artists United, Artists Divided, 1930–1940

Stephanie J. Smith

in The Power and Politics of Art in Postrevolutionary Mexico

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635682
eISBN:
9781469635699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635682.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter Three focuses on the ongoing debates between Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, including their central disagreements over Leon Trotsky and his significance to global revolution, to ... More


Revolution from the Inside: Trotsky's Conception of the Process

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

One reason why Russian radicals were interested in Marxism at the turn of the century was the attraction of its quasi-scientific laws of progress towards utopia, even though the doctrine was ... More


The Moscow Trials

Alan M. Wald

in New York Intellectuals: The Rise and Decline of the Anti-Stalinist Left From the 1930s to the 1980s

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469635941
eISBN:
9781469635965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635941.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The impact of the Moscow Purge Trials is discussed from several angles. One concerns the activities of the American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky, and especially the hearings held in ... More


The POUM and the Trotskyists

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0040
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks at the activities of the Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista (POUM) in the Catalan political arena, as well as its efforts to dissociate itself from Trotskyist accusations. ... More


Malyutochka

Christoph Irmscher

in Max Eastman: A Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222562
eISBN:
9780300227758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222562.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1922, Max Eastman travels to Europe to take part in the Genoa Conference, where he meets his future wife, Eliena Krylenko, sister to Nikolai Krylenko, later Stalin’s Commissar of Justice. A ... More


The Way They Talked Then: The Discourse of Politics in the Soviet Party Politburo in the Late 1920s

Robert Service

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which analyzes the transcript of the September 8, 1927 joint meeting of the Politburo and the Central Control Commission Presidium, explains that this meeting focused on the denouement ... More


Making the Unthinkable Thinkable: Language Microhistory of Politburo Meetings

Leona Toker

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcripts of the October 8 and 21, 1926, and September 9, 1927 Politburo meetings. It explains that these meetings focused on the Communist Party's attempts to discipline ... More


Crossing the Wires in the Pleasure Machine

Eelco Runia

in Moved by the Past: Discontinuity and Historical Mutation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168205
eISBN:
9780231537575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168205.003.0008
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter offers a “substantive” reflection on the making of history by connecting the notion that “novelty”—or discontinuity—springs from the dehors texte with Jacob Burckhardt's intuition that ... More


Democracy and State Power

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

The arrival of mass suffrage, in countries with governments responsible or irresponsible to elected parliaments, gave rise either to ‘umbrella’ pan-class parties, or sectional parties of class or ... More


The Left Opposition as an Alternative to Stalinism

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Both Western historians and Soviet writers have often considered Leon Trotsky and Trotskyism as the forerunner of Stalinism rather than an alternative to it. According to this interpretation, Joseph ... More


The Thinking Singer

Christoph Irmscher

in Max Eastman: A Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222562
eISBN:
9780300227758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222562.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

After his return to the United States in 1927, Max Eastman finds himself isolated from his former radical friends. A controversy with Sidney Hook over his interpretation of Marxism increases his ... More


The “Tragedy of Organization”

in Philip Selznick: Ideals in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804744751
eISBN:
9780804783743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804744751.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers the two major influences on Selznick's early thought about politics and sociology: Leon Trotsky and Robert Michels. Trotsky represented both the incarnation and the failure of ... More


Socialist Alternatives in the Crisis of 1921

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Russian revolutions of 1917 were driven by socialism, embraced by revolutionaries of whatever party affiliation as a utopian antithesis to present reality rather than a projected set of ... More


The Comintern and Stalinism, 1926–1928

in The Political Trajectory of J. T. Murphy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237334
eISBN:
9781846313813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313813.007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The role of the Comintern in Russia influenced the political development of J. T. Murphy and the Communist Party of Great Britain. In turn, the Comintern's role was dependent on the changing nature ... More


“Class Brothers Unite!”: The British General Strike and the Formation of the “United Opposition”

Alexander Vatlin

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcript of the June 3, 1926 Politburo meeting. The analysis suggests that the British General Strike of May 1926 served as a lightning rod for the Bolsheviks' differences ... More


Leon Trotsky on Second Avenue (memoir; 1944)

Louis Waldman

in Jewish Radicals: A Documentary History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814757437
eISBN:
9780814763469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814757437.003.0042
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter is a glimpse into a distinguished but fairly unassuming man who would one day emerge as a famous leader—Leon Trotsky—as told in a memoir by Louis Waldman. More specifically, it ... More


Eliotic Marxism: Notes Toward a Dialectic of Culture

C.D. Blanton

in Epic Negation: The Dialectical Poetics of Late Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199844715
eISBN:
9780190231590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844715.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter reads the eighteen sprawling volumes of The Criterion, composed by multiple hands but guided by Eliot’s singular editorial intention. In The Criterion, it suggests, the method of ... More


Accents in Jean Malaquais’s Carrefour Marseille

Julia Elsky

in Writing Occupation: Jewish Émigré Voices in Wartime France

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781503613676
eISBN:
9781503614369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503613676.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter extends further into the years of the Occupation, deepening the analysis of multilingual immigrant identities in French in the Polish-born writer Jean Malaquais’s portrayal of the ... More


The Communist Oppositions and Post-Stalinist Reform

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0035
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the first dozen years of Soviet rule, the Communist oppositions encompassed all the waves of criticism in the Bolshevik/Communist Party that resisted the decisions and policies of Vladimir ... More


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