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Pope Leo XIII (1878–1903)

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Elected by the cardinals of Pius IX, Leo XIII was a conservative but with a greater knowledge of history and capable of using moderate language. The encyclical Aeterni Patris (1879) declared the ... More


A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This history of the ninteenth‐century popes covers the papacies of Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII and Pius X in their religious and political aspects. The period was dominated by the question of ... More


Context: Past Changes and the Present Conversation

Jerome P. Baggett

in Sense of the Faithful: How American Catholics Live Their Faith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326956
eISBN:
9780199870301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326956.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins with a discussion of the dramatic changes in American Catholicism that have occurred within the past century. Topics covered include the theological tumult caused by the 1899 ... More


Chapter Five: Pope Leo XIII and His Legacy

Luis Cortest

in The Disfigured Face: Traditional Natural Law and Its Encounter with Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228539
eISBN:
9780823235681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the restoration of Christian philosophy through the works of Pope Leo XIII, particularly in his encyclical letter Aeterni ... More


Galileo Right Again, Wrong Again: Hermeneutics, Epistemology, “Heresy” (1866–1928)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses the theological rehabilitation of Galileo implicit in Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Providentissimus Deus; the epistemological reconviction of the culprit in Pierre Duhem's To ... More


The Person and Society

Porter-Szücs Brian

in Faith and Fatherland: Catholicism, Modernity, and Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195399059
eISBN:
9780199896844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399059.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The dark tone of otherworldliness in 19th-century Polish Catholic sermons was reflected in the teaching that the poor should quietly endure their lot, looking to heaven for an end to their suffering. ... More


Leo's Church and Our Own

Michael J. Lacey

in The Crisis of Authority in Catholic Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778775
eISBN:
9780190258306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778775.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the Catholic Church's antiliberal, antimodern phase from the papal point of view in contrast with today's situation in order to highlight what was accomplished at Vatican II. It ... More


Chapter Six: The Survival of Tradition

Luis Cortest

in The Disfigured Face: Traditional Natural Law and Its Encounter with Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228539
eISBN:
9780823235681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228539.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses how the Thomistic philosophy survives, looking into the lives of Desiré Joseph Mercier and Jacques Maritain, and the doctrine of ... More


Oxford and Rome Again

Ian Ker

in John Henry Newman: A Biography

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569106
eISBN:
9780191702044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569106.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Newman was elected an honorary fellow by his old college, Trinity, and returned to Oxford again after many years. And at the beginning of December 1878, the Duke of Norfolk personally suggested to ... More


9. Murray: Faithful to Tradition in Context

Thomas Hughson

in Finding God in All Things: Celebrating Bernard Lonergan, John Courtney Murray, and Karl Rahner

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228089
eISBN:
9780823236954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228089.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores John Courtney Murray's relationship between the American experience and the legacy of Roman Catholic political thought. It first shows how Murray's Catholic, natural-law style ... More


Dignity and Just Treatment of Workers

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

in Catholic Social Activism: Progressive Movements in the United States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479885480
eISBN:
9781479830862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479885480.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines some of the historical trends, events, individuals, and experiences that pushed Pope Leo XIII in 1891 to release Rerum Novarum, the first papal encyclical. It also summarizes ... More


The Incompatibility of Subsidiarity

Víctor M Muñiz-Fraticelli

in The Structure of Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199673889
eISBN:
9780191752148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673889.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The principle of subsidiarity essentially mandates that in an institution or social order, authority to implement a policy be allocated that unit or level of governance closest to the individual ... More


Defending the Protectorate in the Late Nineteenth Century

Ernest P. Young

in Ecclesiastical Colony: China's Catholic Church and the French Religious Protectorate

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199924622
eISBN:
9780199332908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924622.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion, World Modern History

This chapter recounts the way the French government checked Pope Leo XIII’s attempts in the 1880s to establish relations with the Chinese government and how the Chinese government managed the removal ... More


From Institutions to Anthropology: The Christian Humanism of John Paul II and the Crisis of Modern Times

F. Russell Hittinger

in Re-Envisioning Christian Humanism: Education and the Restoration of Humanity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198778783
eISBN:
9780191823961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778783.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter describes the Christian humanism of Pope John Paul II, who exemplified the two central features of Christian humanism, namely a Christological anthropology and the synthesis of faith and ... More


Conclusion: Newman’s Theory in the Balance of Nineteenth-Century Roman Catholic Thought

C. Michael Shea

in Newman's Early Roman Catholic Legacy, 1845-1854

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198802563
eISBN:
9780191840845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802563.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The conclusion reassesses the early impact of Newman’s theory of development. Contrary to studies of the last several decades, Newman’s theory was not marginal to nineteenth-century Roman Catholic ... More


The Self-Secularization of Religion

Olivier Roy

in Is Europe Christian?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190099930
eISBN:
9780197520710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190099930.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter focuses on the Catholic Church's transition to modernity, which did not initially occur by way of theological reform. It came about through pastoral and missionary praxis as well as the ... More


Conclusion

Jennifer Walker

in Sacred Sounds, Secular Spaces: Transforming Catholicism Through the Music of Third-Republic Paris

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197578056
eISBN:
9780197578087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197578056.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Taking the 1903 death of Pope Leo XIII as its starting point, the conclusion extends beyond the legal separation of Church and State (1905) in order to trace the ways in which the processes of ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Albert Howard

in The Pope and the Professor: Pius IX, Ignaz von Döllinger, and the Quandary of the Modern Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198729198
eISBN:
9780191795893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729198.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The conclusion touches upon the death of Pius IX and his contested legacy. It recounts several unsuccessful efforts toward the end of Döllinger’s life to bring about his reconciliation with Rome. It ... More


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