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A Narrow Margin of Hope: Leo Szilard in the Founding Days of CARA

William Lanouette

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter focuses on physicist Leo Szilard. Born in Budapest but living and working in Berlin from 1920 to 1933, Szilard was quick to recognize the dangers posed by the Nazis. By July 1932, he ... More


Enter Leo Szilard

Suzanne Bourgeois

in Genesis of the Salk Institute: The Epic of Its Founders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276079
eISBN:
9780520956599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276079.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1957 Leo Szilard presented Salk with a proposal to create a private institute for research on health. Szilard was a Hungarian physicist who had immigrated to the United States in 1938. Szilard’s ... More


The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

István Hargittai

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195178456
eISBN:
9780199787012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178456.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Five men born at the turn of the 20th century in Budapest: Theodore von Kármán, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller, became a special group often referred to as the ... More


Atoms in Biology

Suzanne Bourgeois

in Genesis of the Salk Institute: The Epic of Its Founders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276079
eISBN:
9780520956599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276079.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Like Szilard, Max Delbrück was a physicist who turned to biology after WWII. The backgrounds of Delbrück and of Salvador Luria are reviewed. They linked up with Alfred Hershey to form the nucleus of ... More


The apocalyptic fiction: shaping the future in the Cold War

Eva Horn

in Understanding the Imaginary War: Culture, Thought and Nuclear Conflict, 1945-90

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784994402
eISBN:
9781526115126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994402.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

The cold war was under the spell of an apocalyptic fiction, the vision of a total extinction of mankind by nuclear weapons. The chapter explores the history, functions and motives of this fiction, ... More


A Scientist's Responsibility

in Science and Conscience: The Life of James Franck

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763103
eISBN:
9780804779098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763103.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

After the discovery of uranium fission, James Franck joined Enrico Fermi, Eugene Wigner, and Leo Szilard in the Manhattan Project, in a presumed race against Germany scientists in the production of ... More


Science and Conscience: The Life of James Franck

Jost Lemmerich

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763103
eISBN:
9780804779098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763103.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

James Franck (1882–1964) was one of the twentieth century's most respected scientists, known both for his contributions to physics and for his moral courage. During the 1920s, Franck was a prominent ... More


Technoculture and the Future of Work

Stanley Aronowitz and William DiFazio

in The Jobless Future: Second Edition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674510
eISBN:
9781452947594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674510.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter begins by describing the intense competition between the United States and Germany for the development of radar and atomic weapon. German and Austrian refugee scientists, such as Albert ... More


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