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Communicating Preferences: The Public Policy Space

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

For democracy to work, politicians and electors have to see the world in the same party–related terms. Evidence is cited from both surveys and party programmes to show this must be the Left–Right ... More


Research Questions for Comparative Investigation

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the data and the way thse are deployed operationally in the subsequent analysis. The data falls into three main categories: aggregate voting results for post-war national ... More


Choices Parties Offer

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Parties and their programmes form the alternatives electors vote for under modern representative democracy. A precondition of mandate theory, as opposed to convergence theories of democracy, is that ... More


From Declared to Actual Policy: Short‐Term Influences on Government Policies

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Manifestoes and declarations state priorities for policy rather than getting down to the nitty-gritty. Actual decision-making involves the allocation of scarce resources, and this is examined in this ... More


Meanings and Varieties of the Right

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the Left-Right dichotomy and the meaning of the term ‘Right.’ It discusses how the terms Left and Right entered the political domain, and concludes that the changing paradigm of ... More


The Role of Party Policy Positions in the Operation of Democracy

Robin E. Best and Michael D. McDonald

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role of political parties in providing voters with the potential to control public policy through elections. The chapter begins by asking whether popular control of policy ... More


Left–Right Orientations, Context, and Voting Choices *

Russell J. Dalton

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Democracy presumes that elections give citizens an opportunity to evaluate the policies of the incumbent government and make judgments about the desired course of government in the future. This ... More


Party Polarization and the Ideological Congruence of Governments *

G. Bingham Powell

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is expected that the ideological congruence between the median citizen and the government will be shaped by various institutional features, especially the party system. The first two modules of ... More


Political Opinions and Participation Among Young Muslims in Sweden: A Case Study1

Jonatan Bäckelie and Göran Larsson

in Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748646944
eISBN:
9780748684281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646944.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter analyses young Swedish Muslims’ attitudes towards democratic processes in relation to Swedish political parties. Based on a survey among approximately 250 young Muslims that are ... More


The Culture Wars, Interdisciplinarity, Globalization: Meditations on Cultural and Postcolonial Studies

Brett Levinson

in Market and Thought: Meditations on the Political and Biopolitical

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823223848
eISBN:
9780823235421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823223848.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at the politics of the Academy, in particular the Academy's staging of the “culture wars” in terms of a state/market duopoly. It offers three introductory comments. First, the way ... More


Using the Manifesto Estimates to Correct Systematic ‘Centring’ Error in Expert and Electoral Positioning of Parties

Andrea Volkens, Judith Bara, Ian Budge, Michael D. McDonald, Robin Best, and Simon Franzmann

in Mapping Policy Preferences From Texts: Statistical Solutions for Manifesto Analysts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199640041
eISBN:
9780191757181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640041.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 2 reinforces assessments of the Manifesto-based estimates’ validity by examining the leading alternative indicators of Left-Right party positioning (and of voter-elector positions as well) ... More


Understanding and Validating the Left-Right Scale (RILE)

Andrea Volkens, Judith Bara, Ian Budge, Michael D. McDonald, Robin Best, and Simon Franzmann

in Mapping Policy Preferences From Texts: Statistical Solutions for Manifesto Analysts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199640041
eISBN:
9780191757181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640041.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the Manifesto Left—Right scale (RILE), the most widely used of the CMP-MARPOR estimates. This is partly because it is a summary indicator of the entire contents of each ... More


Retribution in Newham

Geoff Horn

in Crossing the floor: Reg Prentice and the crisis of British social democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780719088698
eISBN:
9781781705780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088698.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter discusses the events and issues surrounding Prentice‘s deselection by his local party in Newham North East. It examines in detail the context within which this local challenge occurred, ... More


The Political Leanings of the Choir

Russell J. Dalton

in The Participation Gap: Social Status and Political Inequality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198733607
eISBN:
9780191797989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733607.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Do unequal levels of participation across social groups correspond to unequal policy preferences in the political voices of the active citizenry? Across the established democracies, the politically ... More


The Social Distribution of Cleavage Positions

Russell J. Dalton

in Political Realignment: Economics, Culture, and Electoral Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830986
eISBN:
9780191868924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830986.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the realignment of social groups along the economic and cultural cleavages. It considers the social characteristics that describe someone’s social interests, such as social ... More


Citizens and their Policy Preferences

Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, and Ian McAllister

in Political Parties and Democratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199599356
eISBN:
9780191803550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199599356.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter is the first of three that examine the link between voters' preferences and their party choices in elections. It shows how citizens' political preferences and policy choices can be ... More


Party Images and Party Linkage

Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, and Ian McAllister

in Political Parties and Democratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199599356
eISBN:
9780191803550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199599356.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the second presumption of the policy-voting theory: that citizens are able to judge the positions of the political parties relative to their own policy preferences. It begins by ... More


Voter Choice and Partisan Representation

Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, and Ian McAllister

in Political Parties and Democratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199599356
eISBN:
9780191803550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199599356.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter extends the party linkage model by examining how citizens' Left-Right orientations influence their voting choices — the third step in the electoral linkage process described in Chapter ... More


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