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Diplomat

Derek Drinkwater

in Sir Harold Nicolson and International Relations: The Practitioner as Theorist

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273850
eISBN:
9780191602344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273855.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Sir Harold Nicolson’s international thought, more specifically, his thinking on international order, diplomacy, a united Europe, world government, and global peace, was shaped by his upbringing in a ... More


Population Exchange in Greek Macedonia: The Rural Settlement of Refugees 1922-1930

Elisabeth Kontogiorgi

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278961
eISBN:
9780191706806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278961.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Following the defeat of the Greek Army in 1922 by nationalist Turkish forces, the Convention of Lausanne in 1923 specified the first compulsory exchange of populations ratified by an international ... More


The Refugees: ROOT CAUSES OF THE GREEK REFUGEE PROBLEM

Elisabeth Kontogiorgi

in Population Exchange in Greek Macedonia: The Rural Settlement of Refugees 1922-1930

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278961
eISBN:
9780191706806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278961.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the root cause of the Greek refugee problem. It then discusses the persecutions of Greeks in Eastern Thrace and Asia Minor; resettlement of Greek refugees in ... More


World

Alister Chapman

in Godly Ambition: John Stott and the Evangelical Movement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199773978
eISBN:
9780199919024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773978.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

John Stott became one of the leading figures of the global evangelical movement. This chapter explains his growing prominence. It looks at his leadership in the evangelical Lausanne movement, which ... More


Settling Accounts: Circassians, Albanians, and the Founding of the Turkish Republic

Ryan Gingeras

in Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses state policies towards Albanians and North Caucasians during the first years of the Turkish Republic. The war decimated the population of the South Marmara and dramatically ... More


Common Creativities

Kaira M. Cabañas

in Learning from Madness: Brazilian Modernism and Global Contemporary Art

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226556284
eISBN:
9780226556314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556314.003.0003
Subject:
Art, Art History

The understanding of a shared source of creativity among the sane and insane came to the fore with the exhibition and collection of patients’ work in both France and Brazil in the 1940s. The visual ... More


2. 2. From Berlin to Lausanne: The End of Empire and the Demarcation of National Communities, 1878–1923

Mark Biondich

in The Balkans: Revolution, War, and Political Violence since 1878

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199299058
eISBN:
9780191725074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299058.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter assesses patterns of Balkan state- and nation-building from the Congress of Berlin (1878) to the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), before turning to the contested zones of the region and their ... More


Ethnic Violence and the Entente, 1915–1923

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the way that the Entente powers related to the Armenian question in the key period from the beginning of the genocide through to the conclusion of the Lausanne peace conference. ... More


Venizelos' Diplomacy, 1910–23: From Balkan Alliance to Greek-Turkish Settlement

Michael Llewellyn Smith

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter describes Venizelos' diplomacy and foreign policy, and assess his achievement in the crucial phase of his career which stretched from his assumption of office in Greece in 1910 to the ... More


The First Crisis of the Rimlands

Levene Mark

in Devastation: Volume I: The European Rimlands 1912-1938

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683031
eISBN:
9780191763120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683031.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the immediate 1918-22 impact of imperial Ottoman Austrian and Russian collapse -as well as German defeat in the rimlands' arena and the reformulation of polities in this ... More


Conferences and their (Dis)contents, 1933–1934

Patricia Clavin

in Securing the World Economy: The Reinvention of the League of Nations, 1920-1946

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199577934
eISBN:
9780191744211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577934.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Economic History

The World Economic Conference convened by the League 1933 lies at the heart of international efforts to combat the depression. It was called by the British and French governments, acting in concert ... More


The Right to Expel as an International Norm: 1900–1945

Howard Adelman and Elazar Barkan

in No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153362
eISBN:
9780231526906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153362.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter traces the history of ethnic expulsions to show their wide international legitimacy until the post-World War II period, and to provide a critical context for understanding the genealogy ... More


The Political Ethics of Evangelicals

in Evangelicals and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199987634
eISBN:
9780199367818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987634.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Although Evangelicals emphasize spiritual development over political action and personal morality over public policy, they nevertheless have a distinct approach to social and political engagement. ... More


From Reverse to Inverse to Omni-Nodal Dissenting Protestant Mission

Mark P. Hutchinson

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume V: The Twentieth Century: Themes and Variations in a Global Context

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198702252
eISBN:
9780191838934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198702252.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter traces the shift from unidirectional Protestant foreign missions at the beginning of the twentieth century to globalized missionary efforts at the end of the century, often fuelled by ... More


Breakdown: The Stresemann Memoirs Scandal and Wounds that Failed to Heal

Conan Fischer

in A Vision of Europe: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression, 1929-1932

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199676293
eISBN:
9780191755613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676293.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

As the Berlin Accord unravelled and became a point of disagreement rather than Franco-German rapprochement, the old wounds reopened, particularly those surrounding reparations and disarmament. The ... More


The Good Doctors: The League of Nations and the Internationalization of the Minorities Problem

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter re-examines the negotiations that led up to the signing of the Lausanne Convention between Greece and Turkey in January 1923, including the role played by the Norwegian explorer-hero and ... More


‘A New International Morality’: European Dictatorships and the Reordering of Nationalities

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter looks at how the concept of population transfer was imported into central Europe by the Axis powers in the late 1930s. While the focus here is principally on negotiations between Italy ... More


‘A Subject which Excites the Deepest Interest throughout the Civilised World’: Legal Diplomacy at the Conference of Lausanne

Umut Özsu

in Formalizing Displacement: International Law and Population Transfers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717430
eISBN:
9780191787003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717430.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

This chapter considers the text and travaux préparatoires of the convention by which the compulsory Greek–Turkish exchange was governed. Reading statements at the 1922–3 Conference of Lausanne, it ... More


Downfall and Repudiation

Ryan Gingeras

in Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1908–1922

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199676071
eISBN:
9780191755576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676071.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter summarizes the final two years of the First World War and the political consequences of empire’s defeat in Anatolia. In the four years that followed the Ottoman surrender, two competing ... More


The Romandie: A Commercial Crossroads

Tom Scott

in The Swiss and their Neighbours, 1460-1560: Between Accommodation and Aggression

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198725275
eISBN:
9780191792618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198725275.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

The Romandie lay at the intersection of international trade routes from Italy over the alpine passes (controlled by Savoy) and north-westwards over the Jura mountains into the Franche-Comté and ... More


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