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Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Jan Sapp

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book presents a history of the last two centuries of biology. It covers early evolutionary biology — Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin, and Wallace through to Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis — and ... More


Evolution and Revolution

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the development of evolutionary theory. Evolutionary theory holds that the natural world is steadily changing, that organisms have slowly diverged from common ancestors, and ... More


G. H. Lewes: History, Mind, and Language

Rick Rylance

in Victorian Psychology and British Culture 1850–1880

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122838
eISBN:
9780191671555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122838.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

A consideration of the work of G. H. Lewes closes this book, for Lewes is representative of the kind of intellectual whose work has formed its substance. His Problems of Life and Mind recognizes the ... More


The advantages of hindsight

Henry Plotkin

in Necessary Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198568285
eISBN:
9780191584961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568285.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines how great nineteenth century theorists dealt, or failed to deal, with what came to be called the nature–nurture issue. For Lamarck, behaviour mediates the effects of ... More


Lamarck on the Nervous System: Past Insights and Future Perspectives

Simona Ginsburg

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0035
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses Lamarck's work on the evolution of the nervous system and the sequence of events that such a system must follow in order for sensations, feelings, and thoughts to occur. It ... More


Evolution as Progressing Complexity

Raphael Falk

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0038
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter suggests that Lamarck advanced the theory that the history of organic evolution is based on a progressive increase of complexity as the very consequence of the cumulative continuity of ... More


William Blake and the Time of Ontogeny

Amanda Jo Goldstein

in Systems of Life: Biopolitics, Economics, and Literature on the Cusp of Modernity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823281725
eISBN:
9780823284870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281725.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Romantic biology and aesthetics are frequently said to converge in the ideal of “organic form”: the organism, or the artwork, as “organized and self-organizing” cause and effect of itself. ... More


Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Niles Eldredge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book follows the development of evolutionary science over the past two hundred years. It highlights the fact that life endures even though all organisms and species are transitory or ephemeral. ... More


Competing Visual Metaphors

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the rise of the tree as a prominent visual metaphor. Beginning in the mid-eighteenth century, European scientists struggled to keep pace with the work of classifying organisms ... More


Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1809—the year of Charles Darwin's birth—Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach ... More


The Advent of the Modern Fauna: On the Births and Deaths of Species, 1801–1831

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about the earliest decades of the scientific study of “transmutation,” previously called evolution, in which early evolutionists focused on the search for a natural causal ... More


Is Psychic Phylogenesis Only a Phantasy? New Biological Developments in Trauma Inheritance

Catherine Malabou

in Freud and Monotheism: Moses and the Violent Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780823280025
eISBN:
9780823281626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823280025.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In Moses and Monotheism, Freud raises the issue of a phylogenetic transgenerational trauma inheritance. Biology, he says, is not yet able to prove the existence of such a phenomenon, which would ... More


The Checkered Career of Hierarchical Thinking in Evolutionary Biology

Niles Eldredge

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This article reconstructs the history and significance of hierarchical thinking in evolutionary theory, suggesting further development of hierarchical approaches in evolutionary biology. Darwin’s ... More


Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: From Myth to History

Pietro Corsi

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an overview of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck's life and his works, including his theories and contributions to evolutionary thought. Lamarck' s theories were expounded in his central ... More


Blake’s Mundane Egg: Epigenesis and Milieux

Amanda Jo Goldstein

in Sweet Science: Romantic Materialism and the New Logics of Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226458441
eISBN:
9780226458588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226458588.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter introduces readers to the key problem of “epigenesis” in both Romantic biopoetics and the history of biology in general. Romantic aesthetics and biology are frequently said to converge ... More


Lamarck’s Dangerous Idea

Stuart A. Newman and Ramray Bhat

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the relationship of Lamarck's ideas to knowledge concerning generation of biological forms during development by physical and physicochemical processes pertaining to complex ... More


. Before the Origin

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which we examine the origins of Darwinian biology through an examination of both the background of late eighteenth-century science and the scientists and inventors who populated the period. These ... More


Emergence of the Ecological Sciences

Frank N. Egerton

in Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520271746
eISBN:
9780520953635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271746.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Humboldt became the main founder of phytogeography, with thirty volumes on his explorations and collections in Spanish America. Concurrently, André and François Michaux explored North American ... More


Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: Biological Visionary

Richard W. Burkhardt Jr.

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was a biological visionary, the first biologist to articulate a comprehensive theory of organic evolution that claimed that all the different forms of life on earth had been ... More


Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


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