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Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Jan Sapp

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book presents a history of the last two centuries of biology. It covers early evolutionary biology — Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin, and Wallace through to Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis — and ... More


Evolution and Revolution

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the development of evolutionary theory. Evolutionary theory holds that the natural world is steadily changing, that organisms have slowly diverged from common ancestors, and ... More


G. H. Lewes: History, Mind, and Language

Rick Rylance

in Victorian Psychology and British Culture 1850–1880

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122838
eISBN:
9780191671555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122838.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

A consideration of the work of G. H. Lewes closes this book, for Lewes is representative of the kind of intellectual whose work has formed its substance. His Problems of Life and Mind recognizes the ... More


Lamarck on the Nervous System: Past Insights and Future Perspectives

Simona Ginsburg

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0035
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses Lamarck's work on the evolution of the nervous system and the sequence of events that such a system must follow in order for sensations, feelings, and thoughts to occur. It ... More


Evolution as Progressing Complexity

Raphael Falk

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0038
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter suggests that Lamarck advanced the theory that the history of organic evolution is based on a progressive increase of complexity as the very consequence of the cumulative continuity of ... More


The advantages of hindsight

Henry Plotkin

in Necessary Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198568285
eISBN:
9780191584961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568285.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines how great nineteenth century theorists dealt, or failed to deal, with what came to be called the nature–nurture issue. For Lamarck, behaviour mediates the effects of ... More


Evolution

Michael Ruse

in On Purpose

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195957
eISBN:
9781400888603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195957.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter talks about evolution and its existence, although evolutionary theorizing didn't really rise above the status of a pseudoscience. People could see only too clearly that evolution existed ... More


William Blake and the Time of Ontogeny

Amanda Jo Goldstein

in Systems of Life: Biopolitics, Economics, and Literature on the Cusp of Modernity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823281725
eISBN:
9780823284870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281725.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Romantic biology and aesthetics are frequently said to converge in the ideal of “organic form”: the organism, or the artwork, as “organized and self-organizing” cause and effect of itself. ... More


The World in the Museum: Natural History and the Invention of Organisms and Environments in Post-Revolutionary Paris

Etienne S. Benson

in Surroundings: A History of Environments and Environmentalisms

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226706153
eISBN:
9780226706320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226706320.003.0002
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter focuses on research conducted at the Paris Museum of Natural History or Museum d’Histoire Naturelle in the decades following its founding in 1793. Located at a longstanding botanical ... More


Edinburgh and Paris

Bill Jenkins

in Evolution Before Darwin: Theories of the Transmutation of Species in Edinburgh, 1804–1834

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474445788
eISBN:
9781474476515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445788.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Paris was the most important centre for evolutionary speculations in Europe in the early nineteenth century. Two of its most influential evolutionary thinkers, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and Étienne ... More


Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Niles Eldredge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book follows the development of evolutionary science over the past two hundred years. It highlights the fact that life endures even though all organisms and species are transitory or ephemeral. ... More


Correlation Crosses the Channel

Gowan Dawson

in Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the Franco-German contexts in which the law of correlation originated, and also considers how Cuvier’s law was used to thwart the transmutationism of Lamarck. It examines ... More


Competing Visual Metaphors

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the rise of the tree as a prominent visual metaphor. Beginning in the mid-eighteenth century, European scientists struggled to keep pace with the work of classifying organisms ... More


Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1809—the year of Charles Darwin's birth—Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach ... More


The Advent of the Modern Fauna: On the Births and Deaths of Species, 1801–1831

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about the earliest decades of the scientific study of “transmutation,” previously called evolution, in which early evolutionists focused on the search for a natural causal ... More


Is Psychic Phylogenesis Only a Phantasy? New Biological Developments in Trauma Inheritance

Catherine Malabou

in Freud and Monotheism: Moses and the Violent Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780823280025
eISBN:
9780823281626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823280025.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In Moses and Monotheism, Freud raises the issue of a phylogenetic transgenerational trauma inheritance. Biology, he says, is not yet able to prove the existence of such a phenomenon, which would ... More


Of Mice and Men: Malthus, Weismann, and the Future of Socialism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the ways British socialists interpreted evolution. As Fabianism and Marxism became more prominent, the Lamarkian and anti-Malthusian politics of men like William Morris and ... More


Science, Print, and Crossing Borders: Importing French Science Books into Britain, 1789–1815

Jonathan R. Topham (ed.)

in Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487267
eISBN:
9780226487298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487298.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the idea of knowledge in transit and on the ways in which printed matter crossed borders. It analyzes several cases studies including Laplace's physics, Lavoisier's chemistry ... More


The specter of transmutation (1825–29)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck's transformist theory, according to which all organic forms were and always had been in a state of continuous flux in the direction of increasing complexity and perfection, ... More


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