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Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Isobel Grundy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This book looks at Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's achievement as a vital figure in the women's literary tradition. Robert Halsband's book on her life, the sixth this century and published in 1956, was ... More


August 1712—January 1715: Domesticity: ‘a proper matrimonial stile’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Lady Mary's first reported impressions of marriage were rapturous. To be together after all that writing and reading was apparently ecstasy. She told Lady Frances she had ‘found Paradise where she ... More


1732—August 1736: As Aunt and Mother: ‘A Mother only knows a Mother's fondness’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0019
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Lady Mary's days of exotic journeys seemed far away. Now her trips were short and sober. In the London area she visited Lord Ilay's Kenwood House, with Lady Oxford, and the spa at Islington, with ... More


March 1741–October 1742: Turin and Elsewhere: ‘the present disturb'd state of Europe’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0025
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Algarotti had been at Turin since the end of January. Lady Mary got there on 16 March, having left her baggage at Genoa and traversed ‘very bad roads’. For two months Turin held them both; then they ... More


October 1718–1720s: Settling Down: ‘one's own fancy upon one's own Ground’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Lady Mary's return called for exchange of visits with friends and family. But each of these groups presented problems. Her sister Mar, having pursued her way from Paris to ‘James III’'s ... More


1725–March 1728: Some Losses: ‘Joys … made imperfect by fears of the Future’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Montagu wrote more poems in 1725 whose muse was Astell. When she wrote a verse rejection of an amorous male, Astell wrote a companion piece on the occasion, and headed it ‘The Anti-Song’. Lady Mary ... More


July 1709–February 1712: Marriage Market: ‘what price my master will put on me’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

No evidence survives of serious aspirants to Lady Mary's hand before Edward Wortley. Her father bought a fine house, Berrymead Priory at Acton near London, in 1708; he may have thought that time ... More


1729–1732: Past Forty: ‘this various Scene with equal Eyes’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In spring 1729 Lady Mary turned forty. Her husband was fifty-one. Of the world she lived and acted in, Lady Mary's family was still the centre, especially the rising generation—who, with her brother ... More


January 1760–December 1761: Inheriting: ‘on the threshold of this dirty world’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0032
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

A month or so into the new year Lady Mary received a couple of shocks. The first was a book package, an unusually small one. Inside was a work entitled Reflections on the Rise and Fall of the Antient ... More


August 1740—March 1741: Florence, Rome, Naples: ‘I have yet determined nothing’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0024
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Florence was Lady Mary's first re-entry for a year into the kind of society she had left at home. It was a distraction, perhaps an annoyance; it must also have been a relief. She stayed two months ... More


July 1739—August 1740: Venice: ‘I find my selfe very well here’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0023
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In Venice Lady Mary explored a city ideally suited to her predilection for going on foot: the only horses in it were the statues. The weather felt like spring. She discovered ‘a great town, very ... More


August 1746—February 1750: Gottolengo, Lovere: ‘Mille perils pour me retrouver a la cara Italia’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0027
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Lady Mary knew that Palazzi's motive for offering her his escort from Avignon to Brescia (where he was going to visit his mother) was to save on travelling expenses. She wondered whether she had ... More


1762: Back in London: ‘inclement skies’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0033
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

At New Year 1762 Lady Mary embarked on a trading vessel, but at Hellevoetsluis they met ‘mountains’ of ice and the captain turned back. He held out hopes that if the thaw lasted they could sail soon. ... More


1729—June 1735: Pope, Round Two: ‘Universal Rancour’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0020
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

The years that saw the departure of Lady Mary's children were also those of Pope's sustained vilification. Behind his attacks lay, no doubt, his sneaking attraction towards those qualities of ... More


December 1715–August 1716: Loss of Face: ‘This fatal stroke, this unforseen distress’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In December 1715, Lady Mary was fighting for her life in earnest. The smallpox, which had killed her brother, which she had feared for her husband and baby, had got her at last. Although she lost her ... More


1728: Lady Mar, Pope: ‘Scenes of Sorrow’

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0017
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This year marked a low point for Lady Mary. Her sister Mar descended into madness; Pope delivered his first jabs or pinpricks. These two matters became connected, for it was in Lady Mary's family ... More


March 1750–1753: Lone Philosopher: ‘to divert my solitary hours’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0028
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In early March 1750 Lady Mary wrote quite cheerfully to Lady Oxford: she was well; she would go back in summer to Lovere, which had done her such good; her only sorrow was the conduct of her nephew ... More


February–August 1712: Elopement: ‘ran away with, without fortunes’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Mary's father chose Clotworthy Skeffington and heir to Viscount Massereene, to be her husband. Though she often talked of knuckling under, she felt she ‘had rather give my hand to the Flames than to ... More


1720 Onwards: Inoculation: ‘pull'd about and solicited’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

While Lady Mary's Turkish adventures dropped behind her, new and problematic adventures awaited. Nicolas–Francois Rémond, whom she had met in Paris in 1718, had been pursuing her ever since. Rémond ... More


March 1736–March 1738: Algarotti: ‘This Youth (Delightful1 Vision of a day!)’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Lady Mary the publishing guerrilla was not the whole Lady Mary, any more than was Lady Mary the mother. The month Lord Perceval abandoned his hopes of her daughter was that of her first known letter ... More


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